|Accueil||<< 1 >>|
Manel, S., Loiseau, N., Andrello, M., Fietz, K., Goni, R., Forcada, A., et al. (2019). Long-Distance Benefits of Marine Reserves: Myth or Reality? Trends Ecol. Evol., 34(4), 342–354.
Résumé: Long-distance (>40-km) dispersal from marine reserves is poorly documented; yet, it can provide essential benefits such as seeding fished areas or connecting marine reserves into networks. From a meta-analysis, we suggest that the spatial scale of marine connectivity is underestimated due to the limited geographic extent of sampling designs. We also found that the largest marine reserves (>1000 km(2)) are the most isolated. These findings have important implications for the assessment of evolutionary, ecological, and socio-economic long-distance benefits of marine reserves. We conclude that existing methods to infer dispersal should consider the up-to-date genomic advances and also expand the spatial scale of sampling designs. Incorporating long-distance connectivity in conservation planning will contribute to increase the benefits of marine reserve networks.