Résumé: The effects of warming and increased ultraviolet-B radiation (OVER, 280-320 nm) have been rarely studied at food web scale and very few studies have considered the effect of combining these two climatic stressors. Microbial carbon and nitrogen dynamics were studied under the single and combined conditions of +3 degrees C warming and +20% UVBR above the natural levels (control) during a 10-day mesocosm experiment in coastal Mediterranean waters. The effect of increased UVBR on primary production (PP) and bacterial production (BP) rates was rarely significant during the experiment. Warming alone or combined with increased UVBR significantly reduced BP by about 30% but also significantly increased PP by an average of 90%. No accumulation of particulate organic matter was observed during the experiment but, in the warmed mesocosms, the cumulative carbon and nitrogen losses were greater (ca. +40%). The main short-term consequence of warming was, therefore, a shift of the food web dynamics leading to higher C and N losses. This suggests a more efficient transfer of the newly produced microbial production to the upper trophic levels and a greater exportation into deeper waters through settlement under warmer conditions in Mediterranean coastal waters in the future. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.