|Accueil||<< 1 >>|
Mostajir, B., Amblard, C., Buffan-Dubau, E., De Wit, R., Lensi, R., & Sime-Ngando, T. (2015). Microbial Food Webs in Aquatic and Terrestrial Ecosystems. In J. - C. Bertrand, P. Caumette, P. Lebaron, R. Matheron, P. Normand, & T. Sime-Ngando (Eds.), (pp. 485–509). Environmental Microbiology: Fundamentals and Applications. Springer Netherlands.
Résumé: In microbial food webs, different types of interactions occur between microorganisms themselves and with meio- and macroorganisms. After an historical and general introduction, the biological components of the microbial food webs in the pelagic and benthic marine and lake ecosystems, as well as in the terrestrial ecosystems, are presented. The functioning of the microbial food webs in different ecosystems is illustrated and explained, including the trophic pathways and transfer of matter from microbial food webs toward meio- and macroorganisms of the superior trophic levels, the nutrient recycling in the aquatic environments, and the decomposition of organic matter in soils. Finally, the factors regulating microbial food webs, primarily “top-down” and “bottom-up” controls, are described with a special focus on the role of viruses in the aquatic microbial food webs.