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Auteur de Verdal, H.; O'Connell, C.M.; Mekkawy, W.; Vandeputte, M.; Chatain, B.; Begout, M.-L.; Benzie, J.A.H. doi  openurl
  Titre Agonistic behaviour and feed efficiency in juvenile Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus Type Article scientifique
  Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée (up) Aquaculture  
  Volume 505 Numéro Pages 271-279  
  Mots-Clés Agonstic behaviour; arctic charr; atlantic salmon; brain serotonergic activity; brown trout; conversion ratio; Correlation; dominance relationships; Feed efficiency; food acquisition; genetic-improvement; Nile tilapia; Performances; salvelinus-alpinus; social-status  
  Résumé Given the strong effects of behavioural hierarchies on growth in many cultured species and the key role of feed efficiency in aquaculture economics, understanding the nature of the interaction of these variables is important for the sustainability of aquaculture. The relationship between agonistic behaviour, growth and feed efficiency in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, was studied by rearing 120 fish in eight aquaria. Fish were video-recorded to estimate the occurrence of agonistic behaviour during a fasting and a refeeding period. Growth, feed intake and feed conversion efficiency (FCE – calculated as the inverse of feed conversion ratio (FCR)) were subsequently measured individually for each fish. Fish showed 58% less agonistic traits during the fasting period compared to the feeding period, but generally, an aggressive fish during the fasting period was also aggressive during the refeeding period. The nature of agonistic behaviours between individuals was used to assess the presence of hierarchical relationships between fish. There were dominance hierarchies established in each experimental aquarium that despite minor shifts were maintained throughout the experiment. Agonistic behaviours were strongly correlated with each other, the aggression Index (AI) and with hierarchy rank. PCA analysis of the agonistic behaviours summarising the behavioural information showed little or no correlation between agonistic behaviour, fish growth or FCE. FCE was correlated with body weight gain (BWG). These results suggest that agonistic interactions in juvenile Nile tilapia do not have a large impact on growth and feed conversion efficiency.  
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Auteur Ramos-Judez, S.; Gonzalez, W.; Dutto, G.; Mylona, C.C.; Fauvel, C.; Duncan, N. doi  openurl
  Titre Gamete quality and management for in vitro fertilisation in meagre (Argyrosomus regius) Type Article scientifique
  Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée (up) Aquaculture  
  Volume 509 Numéro Pages 227-235  
  Mots-Clés Argyrosomus regius; Artificial fertilisation; artificial fertilization; cultured fish; Gamete management; GnRHa; hatching rates; injections; Meagre; ovulation; Reproduction; sea-bass; sperm activation; spermatozoaoocyte ratio; time; water volume  
  Résumé The aquaculture of meagre (Argyrosomus regius) requires methods for the control of reproduction that enable the production of families from specific individuals for selective breeding programs. We experimentally determined the parameters required for an in vitro fertilisation protocol. A total of 14 females and 5 males (mean +/- S.D. weights of 20.45 +/- 6.22 and 15.94 +/- 2.75 kg, respectively) were used. Selected females had vitellogenic oocytes > 550 pm in diameter and males had fluid sperm upon application of abdominal pressure. Both sexes were treated with an injection of 15 mu g kg(-1) of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) to induce oocyte maturation/ovulation and enhance sperm production. To determine the timing of ovulation and window of high egg viability, females were stripped serially every 2.5 h beginning 35 h after GnRHa treatment. Sperm was obtained 24 h after GnRHa treatment and was diluted 1/4 in modified Leibovitz for storage at 4 degrees C until use. Sperm quality parameters such as percentage initial spermatozoa motility, duration of motility, velocity and density were determined using computer assisted sperm analysis (CASA). In vitro inseminations were made in duplicate or triplicate batches of eggs from each spawn by mixing 0.5-1 mL of eggs, 20-40 mu L diluted sperm (pooled from two males) and 100 mL of seawater. Fertilisation success was examined at spermatozoa (spz): egg ratios between similar to 2000 and 400,000 spz egg(-1). The optimal time for stripping ovulated females was <= 3 h after ovulation, which was the window of optimal egg viability. Ovulation under the conditions of this study was close to 38 h after GnRHa treatment, with a range from 35 to 41 h. Beginning from 3 h after ovulation, egg viability declined probably due to overripening. Sperm diluted in Leibovitz maintained motility and velocity for as long as 7 h after collection. Spermatozoa motility (%) and average path velocity (VAP, mu m/s) of sperm samples obtained from males before GnRHa injection declined rapidly after activation compared to the samples obtained 24 h post-injection, with significant decreases respectively after 75 and 45 s. A minimum ratio of 150,000 spermatozoa egg(-1) was necessary to ensure high fertilisation success. The acquired knowledge of the present study will aid the aquaculture industry and future research on selective breeding programs for meagre.  
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Auteur Richard, M.; Bec, B.; Vanhuysse, C.; Mas, S.; Parin, D.; Chantalat, C.; Le Gall, P.; Fiandrino, A.; Lagarde, F.; Mortreux, S.; Ouisse, V.; Rolland, J.L.; Degut, A.; Hatey, E.; Fortune, M.; Roque d'Orbcastel, E.; Messiaen, G.; Munaron, D.; Callier, M.; Oheix, J.; Derolez, V.; Mostajir, B. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Changes in planktonic microbial components in interaction with juvenile oysters during a mortality episode in the Thau lagoon (France) Type Article scientifique
  Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée (up) Aquaculture  
  Volume 503 Numéro Pages 231-241  
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Auteur Castro-Ruiz, D.; Mozanzadeh, M.T.; Fernández-Méndez, C.; Andree, K.B.; García-Dávila, C.; Cahu, C.; Gisbert, E.; Darias, M.J. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Ontogeny of the digestive enzyme activity of the Amazonian pimelodid catfish Pseudoplatystoma punctifer (Castelnau, 1855) Type Article scientifique
  Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée (up) Aquaculture  
  Volume 504 Numéro Pages 210-218  
  Mots-Clés Brush border; Digestive system; Enzymatic activity; Gastric enzymes; Ontogeny; Pancreatic enzymes  
  Résumé The aim of the study was to evaluate the functional ontogeny of the digestive system of Pseudoplatystoma punctifer through the analysis of the activity of the main intestinal (alkaline phosphatase, aminopeptidase N, maltase and leucine-alanine peptidase), pancreatic (trypsin, chymotrypsin, total alkaline proteases, bile-salt activated lipase and amylase) and gastric (pepsin) enzymes. Larvae were raised in triplicate in a recirculation system from 4 to 27 days post fertilization (dpf) at an initial density of 90 larvae L−1, 27.8 ± 0.7 °C and 0 L: 24D photoperiod. Larvae were fed from 4 to 17 dpf with Artemia nauplii and weaned onto an experimentally formulated feed (crude protein content ~ 45%; crude fat content ~ 10%; crude carbohydrate ~ 8%) within 3 days, then continued with the same diet until the end of the trial. P. punctifer showed an exponential growth pattern with two different growth rates: a slower one from hatching to 12 dpf followed by a faster one from 12 to 27 dpf. The specific and total activities of the pancreatic and intestinal enzymes were detected from hatching. The digestive system was functional at 12 dpf, indicating the transition from the larval to the juvenile stage (alkaline to acid digestion). Therefore individuals could be weaned from that day onwards. The variations observed in the enzymatic activity from 17 dpf reflected the adaptation of the enzymatic machinery to the new diet supplied. P. punctifer larvae showed a fast digestive system development with an enzymatic profile typical of a tropical and carnivorous species.  
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Auteur Li, M.; Callier, M.D.; Blancheton, J.-P.; Galès, A.; Nahon, S.; Triplet, S.; Geoffroy, T.; Menniti, C.; Fouilland, E.; Roque d'orbcastel, E. url  doi
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  Titre Bioremediation of fishpond effluent and production of microalgae for an oyster farm in an innovative recirculating integrated multi-trophic aquaculture system Type Article scientifique
  Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée (up) Aquaculture  
  Volume 504 Numéro Pages 314-325  
  Mots-Clés Community structure; Imta; Microalgae; Nutrient bioremediation; Oysters  
  Résumé Integrated multi-trophic aquaculture (IMTA) systems are a promising solution for sustainable aquaculture combining nutrient recycling with increased biomass production. An innovative land-based recirculating aquaculture system (RAS) was studied in France for a 60-day experiment. It combined a European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) RAS with two other production systems: high rate algal ponds (HRAP) with natural marine polyspecific algal assemblages, and oysters in separate open tanks. The objective was the assessment of: 1) the efficiency and the stability of the microalgae bioremediation of the effluent from a fish RAS in spring and summer, 2) the abundance and the diversity patterns of the microalgae biomass for consumption in the oyster compartment of the IMTA. Silicate was added every week after the beginning of the experiment for maintaining a Si:N:P molar ratio of 10:5:1 in the HRAP to encourage the growth of diatoms. The HRAP have an overall removal efficiency of 98.6 ± 0.2% for NO3-N, 98.0 ± 0.4% for NO2-N, 97.3 ± 0.7% for NH4-N and 96.1 ± 0.6% for PO4-P, with removal rates of 335.8 ± 0.8, 23.6 ± 0.2, 30.9 ± 0.2, and 22.3 ± 0.2 mg m−2 d−1, respectively. The concentration of total suspended solid (TSS) and chlorophyll a (chl a) increased during the experiment and reached maximum values on day 46 (135.3 ± 34.7 mg TSS l−1 and 0.42 ± 0.03 mg chl a l−1) after which the microalgae collapsed due to a CO2 limitation (pH ca. 10). Sequencing analysis revealed that the microalgae community was dominated by Tetraselmis sp. from day 1 to day 16 (45.7% to 73.8% relative abundance). From day 30 to day 43 the culture was dominated by diatoms, Phaeodactylum sp. (83.4% to 98.1% relative abundance). Although the stable carbon isotope signatures confirmed that the microalgae were consumed, oysters' growth was limited in the RAS-IMTA, suggesting that oysters were under stress or not fed enough.  
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