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Auteur Oikonomou, A.; Leprieur, F.; Leonardos, I.D.
Titre Biogeography of freshwater fishes of the Balkan Peninsula Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Hydrobiologia
Volume (down) 738 Numéro 1 Pages 205-220
Mots-Clés Balkan Peninsula; Beta diversity; Bioregionalisation; Conservation biogeography; Vulnerability; ancient lakes; biodiversity conservation; endemism; freshwater fish; global patterns; mitochondrial-dna sequences; north-america; phylogeography; species richness
Résumé Delineating biogeographical regions is a critical step towards the establishment and evaluation of conservation priorities. In the present study, we analysed the distribution patterns of the freshwater fish of an understudied European biodiversity hotspot, the Balkan Peninsula. Based on the most extensive available database of native freshwater fish species distributions, we performed a hierarchical clustering analysis to identify the major biogeographical regions of the Balkan Peninsula. We also highlighted the 'hottest hotspots' of freshwater fish diversity across the delimited biogeographical regions by describing the patterns of species richness, endemic and vulnerable species; indicator species were also determined. The bioregionalisation scheme consisted of eight groups of drainage basins that correspond to distinct regions of the Balkan Peninsula. Overall, the delineated biogeographical regions varied in terms of species richness, endemism, vulnerability (i.e. extinction threats) and indicator species composition. From a conservation perspective, this study emphasises the prioritisation of areas characterised by high levels of irreplaceability (endemism) and vulnerability (i.e. the Attikobeotia region, Ionian Sea and Prespa Lakes) and stresses the necessity of implementing a network of protected freshwater areas across the Balkan Peninsula.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
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ISSN 0018-8158 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 454
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Auteur Pethybridge, H.; BODIN, N.; Arsenault-Pernet, E.-J.; BOURDEIX, J.-H.; BRISSET, B.; BIGOT, J.-L.; ROOS, D.; Peter, M.
Titre Temporal and inter-specific variations in forage fish feeding conditions in the NW Mediterranean: lipid content and fatty acid compositional changes Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Marine Ecology Progress Series
Volume (down) 512 Numéro Pages 39-54
Mots-Clés Clupeiformes; ecosystem health; Environmental variations; Nutritional condition; Prey Quality; Trophic markers
Résumé We describe the total lipid content, lipid class composition and fatty acid profiles of adult forage fishes (anchovy, sardine and sprat) sampled in the NW Mediterranean Sea in 2010 and 2011. Inter-and intra-species differences were mostly related to sampling period with limited effect of gender or total length. As an assemblage, total lipid content and relative levels of triacylglycerols and fatty acids 16:1n7, 20:5n3 and 14:0 in forage fish were highest in summer and autumn, indicating better feeding conditions and a more pronounced diatom-supported food web. In contrast, total lipid content was lowest at the end of winter and spring, and coincided with high levels of 22:6n3, indicating a more herbivorous diet based on dinoflagellates. Resource partitioning and niche separation, as inferred from fatty acid profiles, were apparent between species. Sardine showed a more diverse, temporally separated feeding strategy than anchovy, and dietary overlap was higher in winter than summer with sardine having higher markers of copepods, 22:1n11 and 20:1n9. Sprat collected in winter occupied a separate niche area to both sardine and anchovy with higher total lipid content and carnivory biomarker 18:1n9. Our results show that the lipid dynamics of forage fishes can be used to gain quantitative insights into sub-system level changes in species interactions, including prey and predator productivity.
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ISSN 0171-8630 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1129
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Auteur Christensen, V.; Coll, M.; Piroddi, C.; Steenbeek, J.; Buszowski, J.; Pauly, D.
Titre A century of fish biomass decline in the ocean Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Mar Ecol Prog Ser
Volume (down) 512 Numéro Pages 155-166
Mots-Clés
Résumé ABSTRACT: We performed a global assessment of how fish biomass has changed over the last 100 yr, applying a previously developed methodology using ecological modeling. Our assessment built on more than 200 food web models representing marine ecosystems throughout the world covering the period from 1880 to 2007. All models were constructed based on the same approach, and have been previously documented. We spatially and temporally distributed fish biomasses delivered by these models based on fish habitat preferences, ecology, and feeding conditions. From these distributions, we extracted over 68000 estimates of biomass (for predatory and prey fishes separately, including trophic level of 3.5 or higher, and trophic level between 2.0 and 3.0, respectively), and predicted spatial-temporal trends in fish biomass using multiple regression. Our results predicted that the biomass of predatory fish in the world oceans has declined by two-thirds over the last 100 yr. This decline is accelerating, with 54% occurring in the last 40 yr. Results also showed that the biomass of prey fish has increased over the last 100 yr, likely as a consequence of predation release. These findings allowed us to predict that there will be fish in the future ocean, but the composition of fish assemblages will be very different from current ones, with small prey fish dominating. Our results show that the trophic structure of marine ecosystems has changed at a global scale, in a manner consistent with fishing down marine food webs.
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Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 379
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Auteur Shannon, L.; Coll, M.; Bundy, A.; Gascuel, D.; Heymans, J.J.; Kleisner, K.; Lynam, C.P.; Piroddi, C.; Tam, J.; TraversTrolet, M.; Shin, Y.
Titre Trophic level-based indicators to track fishing impacts across marine ecosystems Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Mar Ecol Prog Ser
Volume (down) 512 Numéro Pages 115-140
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Résumé ABSTRACT: Trophic level (TL)-based indicators have been widely used to examine fishing impacts in aquatic ecosystems and the induced biodiversity changes. However, much debate has ensued regarding discrepancies and challenges arising from the use of landings data from commercial fisheries to calculate TL indicators. Subsequent studies have started to examine survey-based and model-based indicators. In this paper, we undertake an extensive evaluation of a variety of TL indicators across 9 well-studied marine ecosystems by making use of model- as well as survey- and catch-based TL indicators. Using detailed regional information and data on fishing history, fishing intensity, and environmental conditions, we evaluate how well TL indicators are capturing fishing effects at the community level of marine ecosystems. Our results highlight that the differences observed between TL indicator values and trends is dependent on the data source and the TL cut-off point used in the calculations and is not attributable to an intrinsic problem with TL-based indicators. All 3 data sources provide useful information about the structural changes in the ecosystem as a result of fishing, but our results indicate that only model-based indicators represent fishing impacts at the whole ecosystem level.
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1206
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Auteur Levin, N.; Coll, M.; Fraschetti, S.; Gal, G.; Giakoumi, S.; Gke, C.; Heymans, J.J.; Katsanevakis, S.; Mazor, T.; ztrk, B.; Rilov, G.; Gajewski, J.; Steenbeek, J.; Kark, S.
Titre REVIEW Biodiversity data requirements for systematic conservation planning in the Mediterranean Sea Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Mar Ecol Prog Ser
Volume (down) 508 Numéro Pages 261-281
Mots-Clés
Résumé ABSTRACT: The Mediterranean Sea’s biodiversity and ecosystems face many threats due to anthropogenic pressures. Some of these include human population growth, coastal urbanization, accelerated human activities, and climate change. To enhance the formation of a science-based system of marine protected areas in the Mediterranean Sea, data on the spatial distribution of ecological features (abiotic variables, species, communities, habitats, and ecosystems) is required to inform conservation scientists and planners. However, the spatial data required is often lacking. In this review, we aimed to address the status of our knowledge for 3 major types of spatial information: bathymetry, classification of marine habitats, and species distributions. To exemplify the data gaps and approaches to bridge them, we examined case studies that systematically prioritize conservation in the Mediterranean Sea. We found that at present the data required for conservation planning is generally more readily available and of better quality for the European countries located in the Western Mediterranean Sea. Additionally, the Mediterranean Sea is lagging behind other marine regions where rigorous criteria for conservation planning has been applied in the past 20 yr. Therefore, we call upon scientists, governments, and international governmental and non-governmental organizations to harmonize current approaches in marine mapping and to develop a framework that is applicable throughout the Mediterranean region. Such coordination between stakeholders is urgently needed before more countries undertake further extensive habitat mapping, so that future conservation planning can use integrated spatial datasets.
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Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 383
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