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Auteur Lefevre, S.; Bayley, M.; McKenzie, D.J.; Craig, J.F.
Titre (up) Air-breathing fishes Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Journal of Fish Biology
Volume 84 Numéro 3 Pages 547-553
Mots-Clés ecology; gill; land; respiratory mode
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ISSN 0022-1112 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 427
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Auteur Rishworth, G.M.; Tremblay, Y.; Green, D.B.; Pistorius, P.A.
Titre (up) An automated approach towards measuring time-activity budgets in colonial seabirds Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Methods Ecol Evol
Volume 5 Numéro 9 Pages 854-863
Mots-Clés automated monitoring; Bioindicator; Cape gannet; foraging effort; very high frequency
Résumé * Seabird proxies have the potential to act as useful and cost-effective indicators of the state of the marine environment. Seabird time-activity budgets, in particular, reflect short-term changes in prey conditions. * We tested an automated technique for long-term continuous recording of Cape gannet, Morus capensis, time-activity budgets using coded very high frequency (VHF) transmitters allowing for simultaneous monitoring of a large sample of study birds. * Radiotransmitters attached to leg-rings had no impact on adult foraging trip and nest attendance durations, breeding success or chick growth. Furthermore, frequencies of nest attendance and foraging trip durations estimated by the VHF logging system were no different to those estimated from hourly direct observations. * Using time-depth recorders, the relationship between the time that birds rested on the sea surface in relation to foraging trip duration was assessed. Trip duration during chick rearing was clearly an accurate proxy for foraging effort. * The VHF monitoring system provides a simple method of accurately assessing the time-activity budgets of colonial seabirds, which can be expanded to a range of other colonially breeding taxa. In the case of seabirds, this approach can potentially provide sensitive, real-time indicators of prey abundance for fisheries management.
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ISSN 2041-210x ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1203
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Auteur Travers-Trolet, M.; Shin, Y.-J.; Field, J.
Titre (up) An end-to-end coupled model ROMS-N 2 P 2 Z 2 D 2 -OSMOSE of the southern Benguela foodweb: parameterisation, calibration and pattern-oriented validation Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée African Journal of Marine Science
Volume 36 Numéro 1 Pages 11-29
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ISSN 1814-232x, 1814-2338 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1499
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Auteur Benazzouz, A.; Mordane, S.; Orbi, A.; Chagdali, M.; Hilmi, K.; Atillah, A.; Pelegri, J.L.; Demarcq, H.
Titre (up) An improved coastal upwelling index from sea surface temperature using satellite-based approach : the case of the Canary Current upwelling system Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Continental Shelf Research
Volume 81 Numéro Pages 38-54
Mots-Clés Canary upwelling system; Coastal upwelling; Coastal upwelling index; Remote sensing; Sea surface temperature; West Africa
Résumé A new methodology to derive an SST-based upwelling index was based on a rigorous spatial analysis of satellite SST fields and their variability, by referring to previous works, from Wooster et al. (1976) to Santos et al. (2011). The data was precautiously processed by considering data quality aspects (including cloud cover) and the best way to derive accurate coastal SST and its offshore reference. The relevance of the developed index was evaluated by comparing its spatial and seasonal consistency against two wind-based indices as well as with the previous SST-based indices, largely superseding these later ones in term of overall quality and spatio-temporal dynamic. Our index adequately describes the spatio-temporal variability of the coastal upwelling intensity in the Canary Current upwelling system and has the advantage of describing complementary aspects of the coastal dynamics of the region that were not covered by Ekman-based indices. The proposed methodology is generic and can be easily applicable to various coastal upwelling systems, especially the four major eastern boundary upwelling ecosystems.
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ISSN 0278-4343 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 351
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Auteur Wang, T.; Lefevre, S.; Iversen, N.K.; Findorf, I.; Buchanan, R.; McKenzie, D.J.
Titre (up) Anaemia only causes a small reduction in the upper critical temperature of sea bass: is oxygen delivery the limiting factor for tolerance of acute warming in fishes? Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Journal of Experimental Biology
Volume 217 Numéro 24 Pages 4275-4278
Mots-Clés aerobic scope; cardiac-performance; Cardiovascular; climate-change; dicentrarchus-labrax; ecology; exp. biol. 216; fish; Haematocrit; metabolism; Oxygen transport; phenylhydrazine-induced anemia; thermal tolerance; trout
Résumé To address how the capacity for oxygen transport influences tolerance of acute warming in fishes, we investigated whether a reduction in haematocrit, by means of intra-peritoneal injection of the haemolytic agent phenylhydrazine, lowered the upper critical temperature of sea bass. A reduction in haematocrit from 42 +/- 2% to 20 +/- 3% (mean +/- s.e.m.) caused a significant but minor reduction in upper critical temperature, from 35.8 +/- 0.1 to 35.1 +/- 0.2 degrees C, with no correlation between individual values for haematocrit and upper thermal limit. Anaemia did not influence the rise in oxygen uptake between 25 and 33 degrees C, because the anaemic fish were able to compensate for reduced blood oxygen carrying capacity with a significant increase in cardiac output. Therefore, in sea bass the upper critical temperature, at which they lost equilibrium, was not determined by an inability of the cardio-respiratory system to meet the thermal acceleration of metabolic demands.
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ISSN 0022-0949 ISBN Médium
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Notes <p>ISI Document Delivery No.: AW7BT<br/>Times Cited: 1<br/>Cited Reference Count: 44<br/>Wang, Tobias Lefevre, Sjannie Iversen, Nina K. Findorf, Inge Buchanan, Rasmus McKenzie, David J.<br/>Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Danish Research Council; Region Languedoc-Roussillon (RLR); Ambassade de France in Copenhagen; Universite Montpellier 2<br/>This research was supported by the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), the Danish Research Council, The Ambassade de France in Copenhagen and Universite Montpellier 2. T.W. was supported by a fellowship from Region Languedoc-Roussillon (RLR) as a visiting professor at Universite Montpellier 2. I.F. and N.K.I. were supported by a student grant from The Ambassade de France in Copenhagen.<br/>Company of biologists ltd<br/>Cambridge</p> Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1181
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