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Auteur Lefevre, S.; Domenici, P.; McKenzie, D.J. url  doi
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  Titre Swimming in air-breathing fishes Type Article scientifique
  Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Journal of Fish Biology  
  Volume 84 Numéro 3 Pages 661-681  
  Mots-Clés (up) acid-base; aerobic metabolism; amia-calva; bimodal respiration; dicentrarchus-labrax; european sea-bass; exercise; exhaustive exercise; gar lepisosteus-platyrhincus; megalops-cyprinoides; pacific; partitioning; rainbow-trout; recovery; respiratory; tarpon; trout oncorhynchus-mykiss  
  Résumé Fishes with bimodal respiration differ in the extent of their reliance on air breathing to support aerobic metabolism, which is reflected in their lifestyles and ecologies. Many freshwater species undertake seasonal and reproductive migrations that presumably involve sustained aerobic exercise. In the six species studied to date, aerobic exercise in swim flumes stimulated air-breathing behaviour, and there is evidence that surfacing frequency and oxygen uptake from air show an exponential increase with increasing swimming speed. In some species, this was associated with an increase in the proportion of aerobic metabolism met by aerial respiration, while in others the proportion remained relatively constant. The ecological significance of anaerobic swimming activities, such as sprinting and fast-start manoeuvres during predator-prey interactions, has been little studied in air-breathing fishes. Some species practise air breathing during recovery itself, while others prefer to increase aquatic respiration, possibly to promote branchial ion exchange to restore acid-base balance, and to remain quiescent and avoid being visible to predators. Overall, the diversity of air-breathing fishes is reflected in their swimming physiology as well, and further research is needed to increase the understanding of the differences and the mechanisms through which air breathing is controlled and used during exercise.  
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  ISSN 0022-1112 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 877  
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Auteur Béhagle, N.; du Buisson, L.; Josse, E.; Lebourges-Dhaussy, A.; Roudaut, G.; Ménard, F. url  doi
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  Titre Mesoscale features and micronekton in the Mozambique Channel: An acoustic approach Type Article scientifique
  Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography  
  Volume 100 Numéro Pages 164-173  
  Mots-Clés (up) Acoustics; Mesoscale eddies; micronekton; Mozambique Channel; Satellite altimetry  
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  ISSN 0967-0645 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 344  
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Auteur Wang, T.; Lefevre, S.; Iversen, N.K.; Findorf, I.; Buchanan, R.; McKenzie, D.J. url  doi
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  Titre Anaemia only causes a small reduction in the upper critical temperature of sea bass: is oxygen delivery the limiting factor for tolerance of acute warming in fishes? Type Article scientifique
  Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Journal of Experimental Biology  
  Volume 217 Numéro 24 Pages 4275-4278  
  Mots-Clés (up) aerobic scope; cardiac-performance; Cardiovascular; climate-change; dicentrarchus-labrax; ecology; exp. biol. 216; fish; Haematocrit; metabolism; Oxygen transport; phenylhydrazine-induced anemia; thermal tolerance; trout  
  Résumé To address how the capacity for oxygen transport influences tolerance of acute warming in fishes, we investigated whether a reduction in haematocrit, by means of intra-peritoneal injection of the haemolytic agent phenylhydrazine, lowered the upper critical temperature of sea bass. A reduction in haematocrit from 42 +/- 2% to 20 +/- 3% (mean +/- s.e.m.) caused a significant but minor reduction in upper critical temperature, from 35.8 +/- 0.1 to 35.1 +/- 0.2 degrees C, with no correlation between individual values for haematocrit and upper thermal limit. Anaemia did not influence the rise in oxygen uptake between 25 and 33 degrees C, because the anaemic fish were able to compensate for reduced blood oxygen carrying capacity with a significant increase in cardiac output. Therefore, in sea bass the upper critical temperature, at which they lost equilibrium, was not determined by an inability of the cardio-respiratory system to meet the thermal acceleration of metabolic demands.  
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  ISSN 0022-0949 ISBN Médium  
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  Notes <p>ISI Document Delivery No.: AW7BT<br/>Times Cited: 1<br/>Cited Reference Count: 44<br/>Wang, Tobias Lefevre, Sjannie Iversen, Nina K. Findorf, Inge Buchanan, Rasmus McKenzie, David J.<br/>Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Danish Research Council; Region Languedoc-Roussillon (RLR); Ambassade de France in Copenhagen; Universite Montpellier 2<br/>This research was supported by the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), the Danish Research Council, The Ambassade de France in Copenhagen and Universite Montpellier 2. T.W. was supported by a fellowship from Region Languedoc-Roussillon (RLR) as a visiting professor at Universite Montpellier 2. I.F. and N.K.I. were supported by a student grant from The Ambassade de France in Copenhagen.<br/>Company of biologists ltd<br/>Cambridge</p> Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1181  
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Auteur Mari, X.; Lefevre, J.; Torreton, J.P.; Bettarel, Y.; Pringault, O.; Rochelle-Newall, E.; Marchesiello, P.; Menkes, C.; Rodier, M.; Migon, C.; Motegi, C.; Weinbauer, M.G.; Legendre, L. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Effects of soot deposition on particle dynamics and microbial processes in marine surface waters Type Article scientifique
  Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Global Biogeochemical Cycles  
  Volume 28 Numéro 7 Pages 662-678  
  Mots-Clés (up) aerosols; black carbon; coral-reef lagoon; dissolved organic-matter; new-caledonia; ocean; Sea; sediments; size spectra; tep  
  Résumé Large amounts of soot are continuously deposited on the global ocean. Even though significant concentrations of soot particles are found in marine waters, the effects of these aerosols on ocean ecosystems are currently unknown. Using a combination of in situ and experimental data, and results from an atmospheric transport model, we show that the deposition of soot particles from an oil-fired power plant impacted biogeochemical properties and the functioning of the pelagic ecosystem in tropical oligotrophic oceanic waters off New Caledonia. Deposition was followed by a major increase in the volume concentration of suspended particles, a change in the particle size spectra that resulted from a stimulation of aggregation processes, a 5% decrease in the concentration of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), a decreases of 33 and 23% in viral and free bacterial abundances, respectively, and a factor similar to 2 increase in the activity of particle-attached bacteria suggesting that soot introduced in the system favored bacterial growth. These patterns were confirmed by experiments with natural seawater conducted with both soot aerosols collected in the study area and standard diesel soot. The data suggest a strong impact of soot deposition on ocean surface particles, DOC, and microbial processes, at least near emission hot spots.  
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  ISSN 0886-6236 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 554  
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Auteur Morat, F.; Letourneur, Y.; Blamart, D.; Pecheyran, C.; Darnaude, A.M.; Harmelin-Vivien, M. url  doi
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  Titre Offshore-onshore linkages in the larval life history of sole in the Gulf of Lions (NW-Mediterranean) Type Article scientifique
  Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science  
  Volume 149 Numéro Pages 194-202  
  Mots-Clés (up) age; bristol channel; common sole; fish otoliths; isotope ratios; microchirus-variegatus; nursery grounds; otolith microchemistry; Rhone River; river flood event; sea; seasonal-variation; shape-analysis; Solea solea; stable isotope  
  Résumé Understanding individual dispersion from offshore natal areas to coastal nurseries during pelagic larval life is especially important for the sustainable management of exploited marine fish species. For several years, the hatching period, the larval life duration, the average growth rate and the otolith chemical composition (delta C-13, delta O-18, Sr:Ca and Ba:Ca) during the larval life were studied for young of the year (YOY) of sole collected in three main nurseries of the Gulf of Lions (GoL) (Thau, Mauguio and Berre). We investigated the spatial variation in the origin of the sole larvae which colonised the nurseries around the GoL, and whether temporal differences in environmental conditions during this life stage affected growth and larval life duration. The hatching period ranges from October to March, depending on year and site. Average ages at metamorphosis varied between 43 and 50 days, with the lowest and highest values consistently found for Mauguio and Berre, respectively. Otolith growth rates ranged between 2.7 and 3.2 mu m d(-1), with the lowest values in Thau and Mauguio and the highest in Berre. Otolith chemical composition during the larval life also varied, suggesting contrasted larval environmental histories in YOY among nurseries. In fishes from Berre and Mauguio, larval life was more influenced by the Rhone River, showing consistently higher larval Ba:Ca ratios (10/23 mu mol mol(-1)) and lower delta C-13 (-6.5/-6.1 parts per thousand) and delta O-18 values (-1.6/0.1 parts per thousand) than for Thau (with Ba:Ca ratios < 8 mu mol mol(-1), delta C-13 similar to-2.3 parts per thousand and delta O-18 similar to 1.5 parts per thousand). Differences in larval otolith composition were observed for 2004, with higher Ba:Ca and lower delta C-13 and delta O-18 values than in the two other years. These differences were explained by changes in composition and chemical signatures of water masses after an exceptional flooding event of the Rhone River in late 2003. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.  
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  ISSN 0272-7714 ISBN Médium  
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  Notes <p>ISI Document Delivery No.: AW3ZF<br/>Times Cited: 0<br/>Cited Reference Count: 75<br/>Morat, Fabien Letourneur, Yves Blamart, Dominique Pecheyran, Christophe Darnaude, Audrey M. Harmelin-Vivien, Mireille<br/>PACA Region; Total foundation; Agence de l'Eau Rhone Mediterranee Corse; French National Research Agency (ANR) through the young scientist program LAGUNEX [07-JCJC-0135]<br/>Fabien Morat was funded by Ph.D stipends from the PACA Region, the Total foundation, and the Agence de l'Eau Rhone Mediterranee Corse and by the French National Research Agency (ANR) through the young scientist program LAGUNEX (07-JCJC-0135). We thank Jean-Pierre Quignard and fishermen for Thau and Mauguio lagoons samples, and Gipreb members for Berre lagoon samples. The authors express their thanks to Christian Marschal and Chantal Mahe-Bezac for their technical help in age estimation, Olivier Radakovitch for elemental data of the Rhone River waters, and Michael Paul, a native English speaker scientific translator, for language correction. We are grateful to anonymous reviewers for their valuable suggestions and criticisms that have enabled us to improve the article.<br/>Academic press ltd- elsevier science ltd<br/>London</p> Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1169  
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