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Auteur Nguyen-Kim, H.; Bouvier, T.; Bouvier, C.; Hai, D.N.; Lam, N.N.; Rochelle-Newall, E.; Baudoux, A.C.; Desnues, C.; Reynaud, S.; Ferrier-Pages, C.; Bettarel, Y.
Titre High occurrence of viruses in the mucus layer of scleractinian corals Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Environmental Microbiology Reports
Volume 6 Numéro 6 Pages 675-682
Mots-Clés abundance; bacteria; communities; diversity; ecology; gradient gel-electrophoresis; level physiological profiles; microbial; reef; release; water
Résumé Viruses attract increasing interest from environmental microbiologists seeking to understand their function and role in coral health. However, little is known about their main ecological traits within the coral holobiont. In this study, a quantitative and qualitative characterization of viral and bacterial communities was conducted on the mucus of seven different coral species of the Van Phong Bay (Vietnam). On average, the concentrations of viruses and bacteria were, respectively, 17- and twofold higher in the mucus than in the surrounding water. The examination of bacterial community composition also showed remarkable differences between mucus and water samples. The percentage of active respiring cells was nearly threefold higher in mucus (m=24.8%) than in water (m=8.6%). Interestingly, a positive and highly significant correlation was observed between the proportion of active cells and viral abundance in the mucus, suggesting that the metabolism of the bacterial associates is probably a strong determinant of the distribution of viruses within the coral holobiont. Overall, coral mucus, given its unique physicochemical characteristics and sticking properties, can be regarded as a highly selective biotope for abundant, diversified and specialized symbiotic microbial and viral organisms.
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ISSN 1758-2229 ISBN Médium
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Notes <p>ISI Document Delivery No.: AU6GU<br/>Times Cited: 1<br/>Cited Reference Count: 51<br/>Nguyen-Kim, Hanh Bouvier, Thierry Bouvier, Corinne Hai Doan-Nhu Lam Nguyen-Ngoc Rochelle-Newall, Emma Baudoux, Anne-Claire Desnues, Christelle Reynaud, Stephanie Ferrier-Pages, Christine Bettarel, Yvan<br/>EC2CO CORINE Project; TOTAL Foundation; French Institute of Research for Development (IRD)<br/>This work was supported by the EC2CO CORINE Project, the TOTAL Foundation and the French Institute of Research for Development (IRD). We thank Telesphore Sime-Ngando, Didier Debroas, Pham The Thu, Chu Van Thuoc, Sonia Monteil and Delphine Bonnet for their participation in the CORINE mission in Vietnam, their assistance in diving, field operations and technical support during the cruise, and Sebastien Villeger for his advice on statistical analysis. We are also very grateful to Michel Galey, Alexandre Portier and all the staff from Whale Island Resort for their hospitality and help during our stay.<br/>Wiley-blackwell<br/>Hoboken</p> Approuvé pas de
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Auteur Patino, J.; Weigelt, P.; Guilhaumon, F.; Kreft, H.; Triantis, K.A.; Naranjo-Cigala, A.; Solymos, P.; Vanderpoorten, A.
Titre Differences in species-area relationships among the major lineages of land plants: a macroecological perspective Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Global Ecology and Biogeography
Volume 23 Numéro 11 Pages 1275-1283
Mots-Clés biology; bryophytes; Carrying capacity; cloning; data; Dispersal ability; et-al.; geographical; isolation; long-distance dispersal; maximum-entropy; pteridophytes; range sizes; richness; scale; species-area relationship; species richness; species turnover; spermatophytes; spore-producing plants; universality
Résumé AimAlthough the increase in species richness with increasing area is considered one of the few laws in ecology, the role of environmental and taxon-specific features in shaping species-area relationships (SARs) remains controversial. Using 421 land-plant floras covering continents, continental islands and oceanic islands, we investigate whether variations in SAR parameters can be interpreted in terms of differences among lineages in speciation mode and dispersal capacities (TAXON), or of geological history and geographical isolation between continents and islands (GEO). LocationGlobal. MethodsLinear mixed-effects models describing variation in SARs, depending on the factors GEO and TAXON and controlling for differences between realms (REALM) and biomes (BIOME). ResultsThe best random-effect structure included both random slopes and random intercepts for GEO, TAXON, REALM and BIOME. This accounted for 77% of the total variation in species richness, substantially more than the 27% statistically explained by the model with fixed effects only (i.e. the simple SAR). The slopes of the SARs were higher for oceanic islands than for continental islands and continents, and higher in spermatophytes than in pteridophytes and bryophytes. The intercepts largely exhibited the reverse trend. TAXON was included in best-fit models restricted to oceanic and continental islands, but not continents. Analysing each plant lineage separately, the intercept of GEO was only included in the random structure of spermatophytes. Main conclusionsSAR parameters varied considerably depending on geological history and taxon-specific traits. Such differences in SARs among land plants challenge the neutral theory that the accumulation of species richness on islands is controlled exclusively by extrinsic factors. Taxon-specific differences in SARs were, however, confounded by interactions with geological history and geographical isolation. This highlights the importance of applying integrative frameworks that take both environmental context and taxonomic idiosyncrasies into account in SAR analyses.
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Notes <p>ISI Document Delivery No.: AR6ZU<br/>Times Cited: 2<br/>Cited Reference Count: 59<br/>Patino, Jairo Weigelt, Patrick Guilhaumon, Francois Kreft, Holger Triantis, Kostas A. Naranjo-Cigala, Agustin Solymos, Peter Vanderpoorten, Alain<br/>Belgian Funds for Scientific Research (FNRS) [1.5036.11, 2.4557.11]; University of Liege [C 11/32]; European Union [ES-TAF-2553, SE-TAF-1361, GB-TAF-1801]; DFG Initiative of Excellence via the Free Floater programme at the University of Gottingen<br/>Many thanks are given to Richard Field, David Currie, Silvia C. Aranda, Joaquin Hortal and three referees for their constructive comments on the manuscript. We are particularly grateful to S. Robbert Gradstein for providing unpublished data from Hawaii, Juana M. Gonzalez-Mancebo for making available unpublished data for the Canarian islets, and Martin Turjak for drawings. J.P and A.V. gratefully acknowledge financial support from the Belgian Funds for Scientific Research (FNRS) (grants 1.5036.11 and 2.4557.11) and the University of Liege (grant C 11/32); J.P. also acknowledges support from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement ES-TAF-2553, SE-TAF-1361 and GB-TAF-1801 (SYNTHESYS); P.W and H.K. were funded by the DFG Initiative of Excellence via the Free Floater programme at the University of Gottingen.<br/>Wiley-blackwell<br/>Hoboken</p> Approuvé pas de
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Auteur Pool, T.K.; Grenouillet, G.; Villeger, S.
Titre Species contribute differently to the taxonomic, functional, and phylogenetic alpha and beta diversity of freshwater fish communities Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Diversity and Distributions
Volume 20 Numéro 11 Pages 1235-1244
Mots-Clés Beta diversity; fish conservation; functional and phylogenetic diversity
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ISSN 1472-4642 ISBN Médium
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Auteur Przybyla, C.; Fievet, J.; Callier, M.; Blancheton, J.-P.
Titre Effect of dietary water content on European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) growth and disease resistance Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquat. Living Resour.
Volume 27 Numéro 2 Pages 73-81
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Auteur Toussaint, A.; Beauchard, O.; Oberdorff, T.; Brosse, S.; Villeger, S.
Titre Historical assemblage distinctiveness and the introduction of widespread non-native species explain worldwide changes in freshwater fish taxonomic dissimilarity Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Global Ecology and Biogeography
Volume 23 Numéro 5 Pages 574-584
Mots-Clés Beta diversity; differentiation; freshwater fish; homogenization; macroecology; partitioning; turnover
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ISSN 1466-8238 ISBN Médium
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