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Auteur (up) Collos, Y.; Harrison, P.J.
Titre Acclimation and toxicity of high ammonium concentrations to unicellular algae Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Marine Pollution Bulletin
Volume 80 Numéro 1–2 Pages 8-23
Mots-Clés Acclimation; Ammonia/ammonium; EC50 for ammonia; pH; phytoplankton; toxicity
Résumé
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ISSN 0025-326x ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 423
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Auteur (up) Collos, Y.; Jauzein, C.; Hatey, E.
Titre Particulate carbon and nitrogen determinations in tracer studies: The neglected variables Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Applied Radiation and Isotopes Revue Abrégée
Volume 94 Numéro Pages 14-22
Mots-Clés Suspended particulate matter; Carbon; Nitrogen; Adsorption; Material loss; Phytoplankton
Résumé Abstract

We address two issues in the determination of particulate carbon and nitrogen in suspended matter of aquatic environments. One is the adsorption of dissolved organic matter on filters, leading to overestimate particulate matter. The second is the material loss during filtration due to fragile algal cells breaking up. Examples from both laboratory cultures and natural samples are presented. We recommend using stacked filters in order to estimate the first and filtering different volumes of water in order to evaluate the second.
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ISSN 0969-8043 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1318
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Auteur (up) Collos, Y.; Jauzein, C.; Ratmaya, W.; Souchu, P.; Abadie, E.; Vaquer, A.
Titre Comparing diatom and Alexandrium catenella/tamarense blooms in Thau lagoon: Importance of dissolved organic nitrogen in seasonally N-limited systems Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Harmful Algae
Volume 37 Numéro Pages 84-91
Mots-Clés Ammonium; Growth rate; Non classical blooms; Organic nitrogen; alexandrium catenella/tamarense
Résumé Diatom blooms in Thau lagoon are always related to rain events leading to inputs of inorganic nutrients such as phosphate, ammonium and nitrate through the watershed with time lags of about 1 week. In contrast, blooms of Alexandrium catenella/tamarense can occur following periods of 3 weeks without precipitation and no significant input of conventional nutrients such as nitrate and phosphate. Field results also indicate a significant drop (from 22–25 to 15–16 μM over 3 days) in dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) at the bloom peak, as well as a significant inverse relationship between A. catenella/tamarense cell density and DON concentrations that is not apparent for diatom blooms. Such dinoflagellate blooms are also associated with elevated (6–9 μM) ammonium concentrations, a curious feature also observed by other investigators, possibly the results of ammonium excretion by this organism during urea or other organic nitrogen assimilation. The potential use of DON by this organism represents short cuts in the nitrogen cycle between plants and nutrients and requires a new model for phytoplankton growth that is different from the classical diatom bloom model. In contrast to such diatom blooms that are due to conventional (nitrate, phosphate) nutrient pulses, Alexandrium catenella/tamarense blooms on the monthly time scale are due to organic nutrient enrichment, a feature that allows net growth rates of about 1.3 d−1, a value higher than that generally attributed to such organisms.
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ISSN 1568-9883 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 475
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Auteur (up) Cooke, S.J.; Killen, S.S.; Metcalfe, J.D.; McKenzie, D.J.; Mouillot, D.; Jørgensen, C.; Peck, M.A.
Titre Conservation physiology across scales: insights from the marine realm Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Conservation Physiology
Volume 2 Numéro 1 Pages
Mots-Clés
Résumé As the field of conservation physiology develops and becomes increasingly integrated with ecology and conservation science, the fundamental concept of scale is being recognized as important, particularly for ensuring that physiological knowledge is contextualized in a manner most relevant to policy makers, conservation practitioners and stakeholders. Failure to consider the importance of scale in conservation physiology—both the challenges and the opportunities that it creates—will impede the ability of this discipline to generate the scientific understanding needed to contribute to meaningful conservation outcomes. Here, we have focused on five aspects of scale: biological, spatial, temporal, allometric and phylogenetic. We also considered the scale of policy and policy application relevant to those five types of scale as well as the merits of upscaling and downscaling to explore and address conservation problems. Although relevant to all systems (e.g. freshwater, terrestrial) we have used examples from the marine realm, with a particular emphasis on fishes, given the fact that there is existing discourse regarding scale and its relevance for marine conservation and management. Our synthesis revealed that all five aspects of scale are relevant to conservation physiology, with many aspects inherently linked. It is apparent that there are both opportunities and challenges afforded by working across scales but, to understand mechanisms underlying conservation problems, it is essential to consider scale of all sorts and to work across scales to the greatest extent possible. Moreover, given that the scales in biological processes will often not match policy and management scales, conservation physiology needs to show how it is relevant to aspects at different policy/management scales, change the scales at which policy/management intervention is applied or be prepared to be ignored.
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 504
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Auteur (up) CORMON, X.; LOOTS, C.; VAZ, S.; VERMARD, Y.; MARCHAL, P.
Titre Spatial interactions between saithe (Pollachius virens) and hake (Merluccius merluccius) in the North Sea Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Ices Journal Of Marine Science
Volume 71 Numéro 6 Pages 1342-1355
Mots-Clés biotic interactions; competition; Generalized linear models; Hake; North sea; overlap; predator-prey relationship; saithe; species distribution modelling
Résumé Spatial interactions between saithe (Pollachius virens) and hake (Merluccius merluccius) were investigated in the North Sea. Saithe is a well-established species in the North Sea, while occurrence of the less common hake has recently increased in the area. Spatial dynamics of these two species and their potential spatial interactions were explored using binomial generalized linear models (GLM) applied to the International Bottom Trawl Survey (IBTS) data from 1991 to 2012. Models included different types of variables: (i) abiotic variables including sediment types, temperature, and bathymetry; (ii) biotic variables including potential competitors and potential preys presence; and (iii) spatial variables. The models were reduced and used to predict and map probable habitats of saithe, hake but also, for the first time in the North Sea, the distribution of the spatial overlap between these two species. Changes in distribution patterns of these two species and of their overlap were also investigated by comparing species' presence and overlap probabilities predicted over an early (1991–1996) and a late period (2007–2012). The results show an increase in the probability over time of the overlap between saithe and hake along with an expansion towards the southwest and Scottish waters. These shifts follow trends observed in temperature data and might be indirectly induced by climate changes. Saithe, hake, and their overlap are positively influenced by potential preys and/or competitors, which confirms spatial co-occurrence of the species concerned and leads to the questions of predator–prey relationships and competition. Finally, the present study provides robust predictions concerning the spatial distribution of saithe, hake, and of their overlap in the North Sea, which may be of interest for fishery managers.
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1054-3139 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1135
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