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Auteur (up) Tew-Kai, E.; Rossi, V.; Sudre, J.; Weimerskirch, H.; Hernandez-Garcia, E.; Marsac, F.; Garçon, V. doi  openurl
  Titre Top marine predators track Lagrangian coherent structures Type Article scientifique
  Année 2009 Publication Revue Abrégée Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.  
  Volume 106 Numéro Pages 8245-8250  
  Mots-Clés finite-size Lyapunov exponent; frigatebird; Mozambique Channel; submesoscale  
  Résumé Meso- and submesoscales (fronts, eddies, filaments) in surface ocean flow have a crucial influence on marine ecosystems. Their dynamics partly control the foraging behavior and the displacement of marine top predators (tuna, birds, turtles, and cetaceans). In this work we focus on the role of submesoscale structures in the Mozambique Channel in the distribution of a marine predator, the Great Frigatebird. Using a newly developed dynamic concept, the finite-size Lyapunov exponent (FSLE), we identified Lagrangian coherent structures (LCSs) present in the surface flow in the channel over a 2-month observation period (August and September 2003). By comparing seabird satellite positions with LCS locations, we demonstrate that frigatebirds track precisely these structures in the Mozambique Channel, providing the first evidence that a top predator is able to track these FSLE ridges to locate food patches. After comparing bird positions during long and short trips and different parts of these trips, we propose several hypotheses to understand how frigatebirds can follow these LCSs. The birds might use visual and/or olfactory cues and/or atmospheric current changes over the structures to move along these biologic corridors. The birds being often associated with tuna schools around foraging areas, a thorough comprehension of their foraging behavior and movement during the breeding season is crucial not only to seabird ecology but also to an appropriate ecosystemic approach to fisheries in the channel.  
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  ISSN 0027-8424 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 30  
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