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Auteur (up) Albouy, C.; Delattre, V.; Donati, G.; Frolicher, T.L.; Albouy-Boyer, S.; Rufino, M.; Pellissier, L.; Mouillot, D.; Leprieur, F. doi  openurl
  Titre Global vulnerability of marine mammals to global warming Type Article scientifique
  Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Sci Rep  
  Volume 10 Numéro 1 Pages 548  
  Mots-Clés biodiversity; climate-change; conservation; eubalaena-japonica; extinction risk; functional diversity; gray whales; life-history traits; range changes; right whales  
  Résumé Although extinctions due to climate change are still uncommon, they might surpass those caused by habitat loss or overexploitation over the next few decades. Among marine megafauna, mammals fulfill key and irreplaceable ecological roles in the ocean, and the collapse of their populations may therefore have irreversible consequences for ecosystem functioning and services. Using a trait-based approach, we assessed the vulnerability of all marine mammals to global warming under high and low greenhouse gas emission scenarios for the middle and the end of the 21st century. We showed that the North Pacific Ocean, the Greenland Sea and the Barents Sea host the species that are most vulnerable to global warming. Future conservation plans should therefore focus on these regions, where there are long histories of overexploitation and there are high levels of current threats to marine mammals. Among the most vulnerable marine mammals were several threatened species, such as the North Pacific right whale (Eubalaena japonica) and the dugong (Dugong dugon), that displayed unique combinations of functional traits. Beyond species loss, we showed that the potential extinctions of the marine mammals that were most vulnerable to global warming might induce a disproportionate loss of functional diversity, which may have profound impacts on the future functioning of marine ecosystems worldwide.  
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  Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 2045-2322 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes WOS:000562813800014 Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2862  
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