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Auteur (up) Stelfox, M.; Lett, C.; Reid, G.; Souch, G.; Sweet, M. doi  openurl
  Titre Minimum drift times infer trajectories of ghost nets found in the Maldives Type Article scientifique
  Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Mar. Pollut. Bull.  
  Volume 154 Numéro Pages 111037  
  Mots-Clés atlantic; barnacles; Biofouling; Drift trajectories; floating debris; Ghost nets; Gill nets; growth; impacts; Lagrangian; marine debris; near-surface currents; plastic debris; Plastics; Plastisphere; Pollution; Purse seine; transport; wind  
  Résumé This study explores methods to estimate minimum drift times of ghost nets found in the Maldives with the aim of identifying a putative origin. We highlight that percentage cover of biofouling organisms and capitulum length of Lepas anatifera are two methods that provide these estimates. Eight ghost nets were collected in the Maldives and estimated drift times ranged between 7.5 and 101 days. Additionally, Lagrangian simulations identified drift trajectories of 326 historical ghost nets records. Purse seine fisheries (associated with Korea, Mauritius, the Philippines, Spain, France and Seychelles) and gill nets from Sri Lanka were identified as 'high risk' fisheries with regard to likley origins of ghost nets drifting into the Maldives. These fisheries are active in areas where dense particle clusters occured (drift trajectories between 30 and 120 days). Interestingly, ghost nets drifting less than 30 days however, remained inside the exclusive economic zone of the Maldivian archipelago highlighting potential illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing activity is occuring in this area. This study therefore points to the urgent need for gear loss reporting to be undertaken, especially by purse seine and gill net fisheries in order to ascertain the source of this major threat to marine life. This should also be coupled with an improvment in the data focused on spatial distribution of the abandoned, lost or discarded fishing gear originating from both largeand small-scale fisheries.  
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  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0025-326x ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes WOS:000528205900012 Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2798  
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