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Auteur (up) Hauser, M.; Duponchelle, F.; Hermann, T.W.; Limburg, K.E.; Castello, L.; Stewart, D.J.; Torrente-Vilara, G.; Garcia-Vasquez, A.; Garcia-Davila, C.; Pouilly, M.; Pecheyran, C.; Ponzevera, E.; Renno, J.-F.; Moret, A.S.; Doria, C.R.C. doi  openurl
  Titre Unmasking continental natal homing in goliath catfish from the upper Amazon Type Article scientifique
  Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Freshw. Biol.  
  Volume 65 Numéro 2 Pages 325-336  
  Mots-Clés Brachyplatystoma rousseauxii; brachyplatystoma-rousseauxii; dam impacts; fish; fresh-water; hydropower; microchemistry; migration; otolith; otolith chemistry; pacific salmon; philopatry; river; strontium  
  Résumé Amazonian goliath catfishes are widespread in the Amazon Basin. Recently, otolith Sr-87:Sr-86 analyses using laser ablation-multi-collector-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-MC-ICPMS) revealed a >8,000 km trans-Amazonian natal homing in Brachyplatystoma rousseauxii among fish caught and hatched in the largest Amazon River tributary, the upper Madeira basin. Although also suspected for fish in the upper Amazon, homing could not be demonstrated owing to less distinct environmental Sr-87:Sr-86 gradients along the Amazon mainstem. Using scanning X-ray fluorescence microscopy (SXFM), a separate study provided evidence that Se:Ca and Sr:Ca are useful markers for identifying migration into Andean headwaters and the estuarine environment. We analysed otoliths of known Sr-87:Sr-86 profiles using SXFM mapping to test if Sr:Ca and Se:Ca patterns could demonstrate natal homing for three fish caught in the upper Amazon, using as reference two individuals that were natal homers and two forced residents (hatched after the construction of hydroelectric dams on the Madeira River) from the upper Madeira River. As hypothesised, although the Sr isotope profiles of the upper Amazon individuals were uninformative, two of them presented similar alternating mirror patterns of Sr:Ca and Se:Ca to those of the upper Madeira natal homers, indicating migrations out of the Andean region and into the estuary area. Both were therefore natal homers from the upper Amazon. The third individual from the upper Amazon presented similar Sr:Ca and Se:Ca patterns to those of the upper Madeira residents, suggesting it was a natural resident from the upper Amazon. By combining the results of Sr-87:Sr-86 analyses (LA-MC-ICPMS) and Sr:Ca and Se:Ca mappings (SXFM) that are completely independent of one another, we demonstrated that B. rousseauxii also performs natal homing in the upper Amazon. Our results indicate that the life cycle of B. rousseauxii is more complex than previous literature hypothesised, with the existence of partial migration, even in absence of physical barriers. Quantifying the relative importance of these different life-history strategies will have important implications for fisheries management. Our results also lay the groundwork for conservation efforts in the context of hydropower development in the Amazon Basin and set testable hypotheses of the potential impacts of the Madeira River dams.  
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  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0046-5070 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes WOS:000501987000001 Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2703  
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