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Auteur (up) Soissons, L.M.; van Katwijk, M.M.; Li, B.; Han, Q.; Ysebaert, T.; Herman, P.M.J.; Bouma, T.J. doi  openurl
  Titre Ecosystem engineering creates a new path to resilience in plants with contrasting growth strategies Type Article scientifique
  Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Oecologia  
  Volume 191 Numéro 4 Pages 1015-1024  
  Mots-Clés competition; dynamics; ecology; eelgrass zostera-marina; exposure; indicators; organisms; Recovery from disturbance; Resistance to stress; Seagrass; seagrass beds; sediment-nutrient; stiffness; Sulphide intrusion  
  Résumé Plant species can be characterized by different growth strategies related to their inherent growth and recovery rates, which shape their responses to stress and disturbance. Ecosystem engineering, however, offers an alternative way to cope with stress: modifying the environment may reduce stress levels. Using an experimental study on two seagrass species with contrasting traits, the slow-growing Zostera marina vs. the fast-growing Zostera japonica, we explored how growth strategies versus ecosystem engineering may affect their resistance to stress (i.e. addition of organic material) and recovery from disturbance (i.e. removal of above-ground biomass). Ecosystem engineering was assessed by measuring sulphide levels in the sediment porewater, as seagrass plants can keep sulphide levels low by aerating the rhizosphere. Consistent with predictions, we observed that the fast-growing species had a high capacity to recover from disturbance. It was also more resistant to stress and still able to maintain high standing stock with increasing stress levels because of its ecosystem engineering capacity. The slow-growing species was not able to maintain its standing stock under stress, which we ascribe to a weak capacity for ecosystem engineering regarding this particular stress. Overall, our study suggests that the combination of low-cost investment in tissues with ecosystem engineering to alleviate stress creates a new path in the growth trade-off between investment in strong tissues or fast growth. It does so by being both fast in recovery and more resistant. As such low-cost ecosystem engineering may occur in more species, we argue that it should be considered in assessing plant resilience.  
  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0029-8549 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes WOS:000496412400025 Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2659  
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