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Auteur (up) Schilds, A.; Mourier, J.; Huveneers, C.; Nazimi, L.; Fox, A.; Leu, S.T. doi  openurl
  Titre Evidence for non-random co-occurrences in a white shark aggregation Type Article scientifique
  Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol.  
  Volume 73 Numéro 10 Pages Unsp-138  
  Mots-Clés Aggregation; association patterns; behavior; Carcharodon carcharias; carcharodon-carcharias; dispersion; evolution; Gregariousness; neptune islands; Photo-ID; population-structure; segregation; Social behaviour; social interactions; Social network analysis; zealand fur-seal  
  Résumé Groups or aggregations of animals can result from individuals being attracted to a common resource or because of synchronised patterns of daily or seasonal activity. Although mostly solitary throughout its distribution, white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) seasonally aggregate at a number of sites worldwide to feed on calorie-rich pinnipeds. At the Neptune Islands, South Australia, large numbers of white sharks can be sighted throughout the year, including during periods of low seal abundance. We use a combination of photo-identification and network analysis based on co-occurrence of individuals visiting the site on the same day to elucidate the population structure and aggregatory behaviour of Australia's largest aggregation of sub-adult and adult white sharks. We photo-identified 282 sharks (183 males, 97 females, 2 unknown) over a 4.5-year period (June 2010-November 2014) and found that white sharks did not randomly co-occur with their conspecifics, but formed four distinct communities. Tendency to co-occur varied across months with males co-occurring with more individuals than females. Sex-dependent patterns of visitation at the Neptune Islands and resulting intraspecific competition likely drive the observed community structure and temporal variability in co-occurrences. This study provides new insights into the aggregatory behaviour of white sharks at a seal colony and shows for the first time that white shark co-occurrence can be non-random.  
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  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0340-5443 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes WOS:000490589200001 Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2654  
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