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Auteur (up) Queiros, Q.; Fromentin, J.-M.; Astruc, G.; Bauer, R.K.; Saraux, C. doi  openurl
  Titre Dolphin predation pressure on pelagic and demersal fish in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea Type Article scientifique
  Année 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée Mar. Ecol.-Prog. Ser.  
  Volume 603 Numéro Pages 13-27  
  Mots-Clés Anchovy; artisanal fisheries; bottle-nosed dolphins; Bottlenose dolphin; cetaceans reveals; delphinus-delphis; European hake; Gulf of Lions; longline fisheries; marine ecosystem; Predation pressure; Sardine; stenella-coeruleoalba; Striped dolphin; striped-dolphin; Top-down effect; trophic cascades; tursiops-truncatus  
  Résumé Sardine Sardina pilchardus, anchovy Engraulis encrasicolus and European hake Merluccius merluccius represent a significant part of the commercial landings in the Gulf of Lions (northwestern Mediterranean Sea). However, their stocks have shown severe declines during the last decades due to fishing pressure and/or environmental changes. The aim of this study was to estimate the current predation pressure of bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus and striped dolphins Stenella coeruleoalba – which are abundant in the area-on sardine, anchovy and hake. To do so, we developed an original approach based on several data sets and models (aerial surveys, stomach contents, allometric and stock assessment models) and Monte Carlo simulations to incorporate various sources of uncertainty due to data limitations. Despite the uncertainties, the results showed that dolphin predation pressure on sardine and anchovy was extremely low in the Gulf of Lions (all simulations <0.5 % of the available stock), indicating little impact of dolphins on those populations. However, significant predation pressure on hake (median value: 23 %) was detected, a value which might have doubled in the last 30 yr because of hake overfishing. Overexploitation has thus reinforced the natural mortality of hake due to dolphin predation, but this predation pressure remains 2 to 3 times lower than that exerted by fisheries.  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0171-8630 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2429  
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