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Auteur Schmidt, N.; Thibault, D.; Galgani, F.; Paluselli, A.; Sempéré, R. url  doi
  Titre Occurrence of microplastics in surface waters of the Gulf of Lion (NW Mediterranean Sea) Type Article scientifique
  Année 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée Progress in Oceanography  
  Volume 163 Numéro Pages 214-220  
  Mots-Clés Gulf of Lion; Marine litter; Marseille Bay; Mediterranean Sea; Microplastic  
  Résumé Between 2014 and 2016 a total of 43 microplastic samples were collected at six sampling stations in the eastern section of the Gulf of Lion (located in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea), as well as upstream of the Rhône River. Microplastics were found in every sample with highly variable concentrations and masses. Concentrations ranged from 6 · 103 items km−2 to 1 · 106 items km−2 (with an average of 112 · 103 items km−2), and mass ranged from 0.30 g km−2 to 1018 g km−2 DW (mean 61.92 ± 178.03 g km−2). The samples with the highest and lowest microplastic count originate both from the Bay of Marseille. For the Bay of Marseille, it is estimated that the total microplastic load consist of 519 · 103 –101 · 106 items weighing 0.07–118 kg. Estimations for daily microplastic transport by the Northern Current and the Rhône River, two important hydrologic features of the northwestern Mediterranean Sea, range from 0.18 to 86.46 t and from 0.20 to 21.32 kg, respectively. Particles < 1 mm2 clearly dominated sampling stations in the Northern Current, the Rhône River and its plume (52, 53 and 61%, respectively), suggesting a long exposure time in the environment. Items between 1 mm2 and 5 mm2 in size were the most abundant microplastics in Marseille Bay (55%), which suggests coastal pollution sources or the removal of smaller particles from surface waters e.g. by ballasting owing to the presence of epibionts.  
  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
  Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Special issue of MERMEX project: Recent advances in the oceanography of the Mediterranean Sea Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection 163 Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0079-6611 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence (up)  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2352  
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