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Auteur (up) Calcagno, V.; Jarne, P.; Loreau, M.; Mouquet, N.; David, P.
Titre Diversity spurs diversification in ecological communities Type Article scientifique
Année 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée Nat. Commun.
Volume 8 Numéro Pages 15810
Mots-Clés adaptive radiations; biodiversity; colonization; competition; drive speciation; evolutionary emergence; limiting similarity; stability; sympatric speciation; trade-off
Résumé Diversity is a fundamental, yet threatened, property of ecological systems. The idea that diversity can itself favour diversification, in an autocatalytic process, is very appealing but remains controversial. Here, we study a generalized model of ecological communities and investigate how the level of initial diversity influences the possibility of evolutionary diversification. We show that even simple models of intra- and inter-specific ecological interactions can predict a positive effect of diversity on diversification: adaptive radiations may require a threshold number of species before kicking-off. We call this phenomenon DDAR (diversity-dependent adaptive radiations) and identify mathematically two distinct pathways connecting diversity to diversification, involving character displacement and the positive diversity-productivity relationship. Our results may explain observed delays in adaptive radiations at the macroscale and diversification patterns reported in experimental microbial communities, and shed new light on the dynamics of ecological diversity, the diversity-dependence of diversification rates, and the consequences of biodiversity loss.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
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ISSN 2041-1723 ISBN Médium
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