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Auteur (up) Rivera-Ingraham, G.A.; Barri, K.; Boel, M.; Farcy, E.; Charles, A.-L.; Geny, B.; Lignot, J.-H. doi  openurl
  Titre Osmoregulation and salinity-induced oxidative stress: is oxidative adaptation determined by gill function? Type Article scientifique
  Année 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée J. Exp. Biol.  
  Volume 219 Numéro 1 Pages 80-89  
  Mots-Clés Antioxidant defense; antioxidant enzymes; blue-crab; callinectes-sapidus; Carcinus aestuarii; crab carcinus-maenas; green crab; na+/k+-atpase activity; Osmoregulation; progressive hypoxia; reactive oxygen; ROS production; shore crab; temporal distribution  
  Résumé Osmoregulating decapods such as the Mediterranean green crab Carcinus aestuarii possess two groups of spatially segregated gills: anterior gills serve mainly respiratory purposes, while posterior gills contain osmoregulatory structures. The co-existence of similar tissues serving different functions allows the study of differential adaptation, in terms of free radical metabolism, upon salinity change. Crabs were immersed for 2 weeks in seawater (SW, 37 ppt), diluted SW (dSW, 10 ppt) and concentrated SW (cSW, 45 ppt). Exposure to dSW was the most challenging condition, elevating respiration rates of whole animals and free radical formation in hemolymph (assessed fluorometrically using C-H(2)DFFDA). Further analyses considered anterior and posterior gills separately, and the results showed that posterior gills are the main tissues fueling osmoregulatory-related processes because their respiration rates in dSW were 3.2-fold higher than those of anterior gills, and this was accompanied by an increase in mitochondrial density (citrate synthase activity) and increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation (1.4-fold greater, measured through electron paramagnetic resonance). Paradoxically, these posterior gills showed undisturbed caspase 3/7 activity, used here as a marker for apoptosis. This may only be due to the high antioxidant protection that posterior gills benefit from [superoxide dismutase (SOD) in posterior gills was over 6 times higher than in anterior gills]. In conclusion, osmoregulating posterior gills are better adapted to dSW exposure than respiratory anterior gills because they are capable of controlling the deleterious effects of the ROS production resulting from this salinity-induced stress.  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0022-0949 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1541  
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