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Auteur (up) Langlois, J.; Freon, P.; Steyer, J.P.; Delgenes, J.P.; Helias, A. url  doi
  Titre Sea use impact category in life cycle assessment : characterization factors for life support functions Type Article scientifique
  Année 2015 Publication Revue Abrégée International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment  
  Volume 20 Numéro 7 Pages 970-981  
  Mots-Clés ecosystem services; Free net primary production; Life cycle impact assessment; Life support functions; Marine ecosystem; Sea use  
  Résumé The impact of human activities on marine environments is poorly addressed by the scope of life cycle impact assessment (LCIA). The aim of this study is to provide characterization factors to assess impacts of sea use such as fishing activities or seafloor destruction and transformation on the life support functions of marine ecosystems. The consensual framework of land use for ecosystem services damage potential assessment was applied, according to the recent United Nations Environment Programme-Society for Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (UNEP-SETAC) guidelines, using the free net primary production as a quality index of life support functions. The impact of shading, biomass removal, seafloor destruction, and artificial habitat creation on the available quantity of organic biomass for the ecosystem functioning was quantified at the midpoint level with a common unit (kg of organic carbon equivalent). It included effects of human interventions on both the ecosystem production potential and the stock of biomass present within the ecosystem. Characterization factors (CF) for biomass removal vary from 0.1 kg(Ceq) kg(-1) for seaweed to 111.1 kg(Ceq) kg(-1) for tunas, bonitos, and billfishes. CF for seafloor destruction range from 0.164 kg(Ceq) m(-2) for a temperate seagrass ecosystem to 0.342 kg(Ceq) m(-2) for an intertidal tropical rocky habitat. This study provides an operational method in order to compute sea use impact assessment.  
  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
  Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0948-3349 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1445  
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