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Auteur (up) Walker, T.R.; Grant, J.; Weise, A.M.; McKindsey, C.W.; Callier, M.D.; Richard, M. url  doi
  Titre Influence of suspended mussel lines on sediment erosion and resuspension in Lagune de la Grande Entree, Iles-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec, Canada Type Article scientifique
  Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquaculture  
  Volume 433 Numéro Pages 450-457  
  Mots-Clés Aquaculture; Biodeposits; biogeochemical fluxes; culture; dynamics; intertidal cohesive sediments; lagoon; Mytilus; Mytilus edulis; Particle; rates; Resuspension; Sediment erosion; Shear velocity; size; stability  
  Résumé Downward fluxes of organically rich biodeposits under suspended mussel lines can cause benthic impacts such as changes in benthic community structure or microbial mat production. Quantifying sediment erosion in these coastal ecosystems is important for understanding how fluxes of organic matter and mussel biodeposits contribute to benthic pelagic coupling. Critical shear velocity (u(crit)*(t)), erosion rates and particle size distributions of resuspended sediment were measured at four stations distributed along a transect perpendicular to a mussel farm in Lagune de la Grande Entree, Iles-de-la-Madeleine (Quebec, Canada). Stations were selected underneath the outer-most mussel line (0 m) and at distances of 15,30 m and at a reference station (500 m) further along the transect. Shear velocity was measured using a calibrated portable Particle Erosion Simulator, also referred to as the BEAST (Benthic Environmental Assessment Sediment Tool). Undisturbed sediment cores obtained by divers were exposed to shear stress to compare differences between stations. Erosion sequences indicated no significant differences in u(crit)* between stations, but there were significant differences in erosion rates beneath mussel lines compared to other stations. Erosion rates were the highest in cores from beneath mussel lines, but paradoxically had the lowest u(crit)* Mean erosion rates at u*crit varied between 25 and 47 g m(-2) min(-1) and critical erosion thresholds varied between 1.58 and 1.73 cm s(-1), which compare with intensive mussel culture sites elsewhere in eastern Canada. Significant differences existed in biotic and abiotic properties of sediments which could explain variation in maximum erosion rates within and between stations. Particle sizes measured by videography of resuspended sediment at different shear velocities ranged from 02 to 3.0 mm. Quantifying sediment erosion from intact marine sediments helps to improve our mechanistic understanding of these processes, and the BEAST further contributes to predictive capability in benthic pelagic coupling modeling. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.  
  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0044-8486 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes <p>ISI Document Delivery No.: AQ1GH<br/>Times Cited: 0<br/>Cited Reference Count: 39<br/>Walker, Tony R. Grant, Jon Weise, Andrea M. McKindsey, Christopher W. Callier, Myriam D. Richard, Marion<br/>Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC); Aquaculture Collaborative Research and Development Program (ACRDP); Societe de Development de l'Industrie Maricole (SODIM); Fisheries and Oceans Canada<br/>We thank MAPAQ and B. Hargrave for the collaboration and C. Eloquin and associates for the permission to use their site. Funding was provided by the Aquaculture Collaborative Research and Development Program (ACRDP), the Societe de Development de l'Industrie Maricole (SODIM) and the Fisheries and Oceans Canada. We thank B. Schofield and M. Merrimen for the fabrication of the BEAST which formed part of the equipment necessary for the Canadian Arctic Shelves Exchange Study (CASES), a Research Network funded by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC).<br/>Elsevier science bv<br/>Amsterdam</p> Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1180  
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