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Auteur DRUON, J.-N.; FROMENTIN, J.-M.; AULANIER, F.; HEIKKONEN, J. url  openurl
  Titre Potential feeding and spawning habitats of Atlantic bluefin tuna in the Mediterranean Sea Type Article scientifique
  Année 2011 Publication Marine Ecology-progress Series Revue Abrégée  
  Volume 439 Numéro (up) Pages 223-240  
  Mots-Clés Habitat mapping; Bluefin tuna; Thunnus thynnus; Feeding; Spawning; Mediterranean Sea; Remote sensing; Satellite data  
  Résumé Atlantic bluefin tuna Thunnus thynnus (ABFT) is a fish of high market value which has recently become strongly overexploited, notably in the Mediterranean Sea. This area is an essential habitat for ABFT reproduction and growth. We present here an approach for deriving the daily mapping of potential ABFT feeding and spawning habitats based on satellite-derived sea surface temperature (SST) and chl a concentration. The feeding habitat was mainly derived from the simultaneous occurrence of oceanic fronts of temperature and chl a content while the spawning habitat was mostly inferred from the heating of surface waters. Generally, higher chl a contents were found to be preferred for the feeding habitat and a minimum SST value was found for the spawning habitat. Both habitats were defined by the presence of relevant oceanographic features and are therefore potential and functionally-linked habitats. This approach provides, for the first time, a synoptic view of the potential ABFT habitats in the Mediterranean Sea. The model performs well in areas where both satellite data and ABFT observations are available, as 80% of presence data are in the vicinity of potential habitats. The computed monthly, seasonal and annual maps of potential feeding and spawning habitat of ABFT from 2003 to 2009 are in good agreement with current knowledge on ABFT. Overall, the habitat size of ABFT is about 6% of the Mediterranean Sea surface. The results displayed a strong seasonality in habitat size and locations as well as high year-to-year variations (30 to 60%), particularly for the potential spawning habitat, which is key information for evaluating the utility of ABFT Marine Protected Areas in the Mediterranean Sea.  
  Adresse IFREMER, Ctr Rech Halieut Mediterraneen & Trop, F-34203 Sete, France.  
  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Inter-research Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
  Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0171-8630 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ 16053 collection 1003  
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