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Auteur Ben-Gharbia, H.; Yahia, O.K.-D.; Amzil, Z.; Chomerat, N.; Abadie, E.; Masseret, E.; Sibat, M.; Triki, H.Z.; Nouri, H.; Laabir, M.
Titre Toxicity and Growth Assessments of Three Thermophilic Benthic Dinoflagellates (Ostreopsis cf. ovata, Prorocentrum lima and Coolia monotis) Developing in the Southern Mediterranean Basin Type Article scientifique
Année (down) 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée Toxins
Volume 8 Numéro 10 Pages 297
Mots-Clés coastal waters; Coolia monotis; environmental-factors; growth; gulf-of-california; harmful algal blooms; marine dinoflagellate; multiple sequence alignment; new-zealand; okadaic acid; Ostreopsis cf. ovata; Prorocentrum lima; Southern Mediterranean Sea; sp-nov dinophyceae; toxicity; toxin profile
Résumé Harmful benthic dinoflagellates, usually developing in tropical areas, are expanding to temperate ecosystems facing water warming. Reports on harmful benthic species are particularly scarce in the Southern Mediterranean Sea. For the first time, three thermophilic benthic dinoflagellates (Ostreopsis cf. ovata, Prorocentrum lima and Coolia monotis) were isolated from Bizerte Bay (Tunisia, Mediterranean) and monoclonal cultures established. The ribotyping confirmed the morphological identification of the three species. Maximum growth rates were 0.59 +/- 0.08 d(-1) for O. cf. ovata, 0.35 +/- 0.01 d(-1) for C. monotis and 0.33 +/- 0.04 d(-1) for P. lima. Toxin analyses revealed the presence of ovatoxin-a and ovatoxin-b in O. cf. ovata cells. Okadaic acid and dinophysistoxin-1 were detected in P. lima cultures. For C. monotis, a chromatographic peak at 5.6 min with a mass m/z = 1061.768 was observed, but did not correspond to a mono-sulfated analogue of the yessotoxin. A comparison of the toxicity and growth characteristics of these dinoflagellates, distributed worldwide, is proposed.
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ISSN 2072-6651 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1690
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Auteur Fouilland, E.; Tolosa, I.; Bonnet, D.; Bouvier, C.; Bouvier, T.; Bouvy, M.; Got, P.; Le Floc'h, E.; Mostajir, B.; Roques, C.; Sempéré, R.; Sime-Ngando, T.; Vidussi, F.
Titre Bacterial carbon dependence on freshly produced phytoplankton exudates under different nutrient availability and grazing pressure conditions in coastal marine waters Type Article scientifique
Année (down) 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée FEMS microbiology ecology
Volume 87 Numéro 3 Pages 757-769
Mots-Clés bacteria; carbon coupling; coastal waters; interactions; phytoplankton
Résumé The effects of grazing pressure and inorganic nutrient availability on the direct carbon transfer from freshly produced phytoplankton exudates to heterotrophic bacteria biomass production were studied in Mediterranean coastal waters. The short-term incorporation of (1)(3)C (H(1)(3)CO(3)) in phytoplankton and bacterial lipid biomarkers was measured as well as the total bacterial carbon production (BP), viral lysis and the microbial community structure under three experimental conditions: (1) High inorganic Nutrient and High Grazing (HN + HG), (2) High inorganic Nutrient and Low Grazing (HN + LG) and (3) under natural in situ conditions with Low inorganic Nutrient and High Grazing (LN + HG) during spring. Under phytoplankton bloom conditions (HN + LG), the bacterial use of freshly produced phytoplankton exudates as a source of carbon, estimated from (1)(3)C enrichment of bacterial lipids, contributed more than half of the total bacterial production. However, under conditions of high grazing pressure on phytoplankton with or without the addition of inorganic nutrients (HN + HG and LN + HG), the (1)(3)C enrichment of bacterial lipids was low compared with the high total bacterial production. BP therefore seems to depend mainly on freshly produced phytoplankton exudates during the early phase of phytoplankton bloom period. However, BP seems mainly relying on recycled carbon from viral lysis and predators under high grazing pressure.
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1574-6941 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 444
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Auteur Fouilland, E.; Vasseur, C.; Leboulanger, C.; Le Floc'h, E.; Carré, C.; Marty, B.; Steyer, J.-P.; Sialve, B.
Titre Coupling algal biomass production and anaerobic digestion: Production assessment of some native temperate and tropical microalgae Type Article scientifique
Année (down) 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Biomass & Bioenergy
Volume Numéro Pages
Mots-Clés Digestates; Extreme natural environments; Wastewaters; chlorophyta; cyanobacteria; microalgae
Résumé Coupling algal biomass production and anaerobic digestion is one of the most promising bioprocesses for economically viable algal production. This study assesses the production rates of some native microalgae growing in media supplemented with algal digestate, urban wastewater or digested sludge. Native microalgal populations isolated from temperate freshwaters (Scenedesmus spp.) and marine ecosystems (Nannochloris spp.) had the highest potential production rates (about 100 mg DW L−1 d−1) with algal digestate at about 20% loading ratio. However, no growth was measured for Nannochloris spp., when the ammonium concentration exceeded 100 mg L−1 although Scenedesmus spp. appeared to be tolerant to higher NH4+ concentrations. Very low production rates, or no growth, were measured when microalgae isolated from high salinity waters (Dunaliella salina, Lyngbya aestuarii) were used, suggesting that populations well adapted to extreme environmental conditions are not suitable candidates for growing on wastewater or anaerobic digestate.
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0961-9534 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 494
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Auteur Basset, A.; Barbone, E.; Elliott, M.; Li, B.-L.; Jorgensen, S.E.; Lucena-Moya, P.; Pardo, I.; Mouillot, D.
Titre A unifying approach to understanding transitional waters: Fundamental properties emerging from ecotone ecosystems Type Article scientifique
Année (down) 2013 Publication Revue Abrégée Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science
Volume Numéro Pages
Mots-Clés climate change; ecotone concept; landscape ecology; transitional waters
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0272-7714 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 433
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Auteur Boukef, I.; Bejaoui, B.; Hassan, M.B.; Mraouna, R.; Got, P.; Harzallah, A.; Elbour, M.
Titre Spatial distribution and decay rates of coliforms in the sediments and water column of the bizerte lagoon Type Article scientifique
Année (down) 2012 Publication Revue Abrégée Vie Milieu
Volume 62 Numéro 1 Pages 29-36
Mots-Clés bizerte lagoon; coastal waters; contamination; environmental-conditions; escherichia coli decay; estuarine; fecal indicator bacteria; pathogenic bacteria; pollution; recreational waters; seasonal survey; seawater; sunlight; sunlight inactivation; total coliform
Résumé In order to assess the impact of bacterial input loads in Bizerte lagoon (Northern Tunisia), a seasonal survey was done for total coliform bacteria covering the whole lagoon area, to reproduce and prevent dispersion of input loads of terrestrial discharges in the lagoon. Effect of solar radiation on Escherichia coli strains was investigated using seawater microcosms comparatively exposed to sunlight and dark conditions. The results revealed (i) high charges of coliforms in the sediment rather than in the water column, (ii) total coliforms increased periodically with season in both compartments, (iii) anthropogenic discharges influence coastal areas of the lagoon, and (iv) solar radiation has an effect on decay rate of E. coli maintained in microcosm experiments.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0240-8759 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 846
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