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Auteur Bouloubassi, I.; Méjanelle, L.; Pete, R.; Fillaux, J.; Lorre, A.; Point, V.
Titre PAH transport by sinking particles in the open Mediterranean Sea: A 1 year sediment trap study Type Article scientifique
Année 2006 Publication Revue Abrégée Marine Pollution Bulletin
Volume 52 Numéro 5 Pages 560-571
Mots-Clés Flux; Mediterranean sea; Open sea; Pah; Sediment trap; time-series
Résumé One year time series of sinking particles were collected at two depths in the open Mediterranean Sea and analysed for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Average total PAH concentrations were 593 ± 284 ng g -1 at 250 m and 551 ± 198 ng g -1 at 2850 m. Total PAH fluxes averaged 73 ± 58 ng m -2 d -1 at 250 m and 53 ± 39 ng m -2 d -1 at 2850 m. Contamination levels and, thus, exposure of marine organisms to PAH are comparable in surface and deep waters. Deep waters appear as a significant, yet overlooked, PAH sink. PAH temporal patterns show noticeable seasonality. This is partly due to varying levels of specific components such as the winter increase of pyrolytic PAH. Downward transport processes and the nature of sinking particles also impact on PAH fluxes, as inferred during periods of increasing productivity. Different phase-associations and interactions with particulate organic carbon for low-MW fossil PAH and high-MW pyrolytic PAH influence their downward transport efficiency. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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ISSN 0025326x ISBN Médium
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Auteur Keller, S.; Quetglas, A.; Puerta, P.; Bitetto, I.; Casciaro, L.; Cuccu, D.; Esteban, A.; Garcia, C.; Garofalo, G.; Guijarro, B.; Josephides, M.; Jadaud, A.; Lefkaditou, E.; Maiorano, P.; Manfredi, C.; Marceta, B.; Micallef, R.; Peristeraki, P.; Relini, G.; Sartor, P.; Spedicato, M.T.; Tserpes, G.; Hidalgo, M.
Titre Environmentally driven synchronies of Mediterranean cephalopod populations Type Article scientifique
Année 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée Prog. Oceanogr.
Volume 152 Numéro Pages 1-14
Mots-Clés atlantic bluefin tuna; balearic sea; Cephalopods; Dynamic factor analysis; ecological niche approach; fisheries; fluctuations; hake merluccius-merluccius; Illex coindetii; life-history; Mediterranean; medits; octopus; Octopus vulgaris; squid; Synchrony; time-series
Résumé The Mediterranean Sea is characterized by large scale gradients of temperature, productivity and salinity, in addition to pronounced mesoscale differences. Such a heterogeneous system is expected to shape the population dynamics of marine species. On the other hand, prevailing environmental and climatic conditions at whole basin scale may force spatially distant populations to fluctuate in synchrony. Cephalopods are excellent case studies to test these hypotheses owing to their high sensitivity to environmental conditions. Data of two cephalopod species with contrasting life histories (benthic octopus vs nectobenthic squid), obtained from scientific surveys carried out throughout the Mediterranean during the last 20 years were analyzed. The objectives of this study and the methods used to achieve them (in parentheses) were: (i) to investigate synchronies in spatially separated populations (decorrelation analysis); (ii) detect underlying common abundance trends over distant regions (dynamic factor analysis, DFA); and (iii) analyse putative influences of key environmental drivers such as productivity and sea surface temperature on the population dynamics at regional scale (general linear models, GLM). In accordance with their contrasting spatial mobility, the distance from where synchrony could no longer be detected (decorrelation scale) was higher in squid than in octopus (349 vs 217 km); for comparison, the maximum distance between locations was 2620 km. The DFA revealed a general increasing trend in the abundance of both species in most areas, which agrees with the already reported worldwide proliferation of cephalopods. DFA results also showed that population dynamics are more similar in the eastern than in the western Mediterranean basin. According to the GLM models, cephalopod populations were negatively affected by productivity, which would be explained by an increase of competition and predation by fishes. While warmer years coincided with declining octopus numbers, areas of high sea surface temperature showed higher densities of squid. Our results are relevant for regional fisheries management and demonstrate that the regionalisation objectives envisaged under the new Common Fishery Policy may not be adequate for Mediterranean cephalopod stocks. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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ISSN 0079-6611 ISBN Médium
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Auteur Molinero, J.C.; Tseng, L.-C.; Lopez Abbate, C.; Ramirez-Romero, E.; Hwang, J.-S.
Titre Interannual changes in zooplankton echo subtropical and high latitude climate effects in the southern East China Sea Type Article scientifique
Année 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée PLoS One
Volume 13 Numéro 5 Pages e0197382
Mots-Clés abundance; calanus-sinicus copepoda; fisheries; time-series; yellow sea
Résumé Climate variability plays a central role in the dynamics of marine pelagic ecosystems shaping the structure and abundance changes of plankton communities, thereby affecting energy pathways and biogeochemical fluxes in the ocean. Here we have investigated complex interactions driven a climate-hydrology-plankton system in the southern East China Sea over the period 2000 to 2012. In particular, we aimed at quantifying the influence of climate phenomena playing out in tropical (El Nino 3.4) and middle-high latitudes (East Asia Winter Monsoon, EAWM, and Pacific Decadal Oscillation, PDO) on pelagic copepods. We found that the EAWM and El Nino 3.4 showed a non-stationary and non-linear relationship with local temperature variability. In the two cases, the strength of the relationship, as indexed by the wavelet coherence analysis, decreased along with the positive phase of the PDO. Likewise, the influence of EAWM and El Nino 3.4 on copepods exhibited a non-stationary link that changed along with the PDO state. Indeed, copepods and EAWM were closely related during the positive phase, while the link copepods-El Nino 3.4 was stronger during the negative phase. Our results pointed out cascading effects from climate to plankton driven by the positive phase of the PDO through its effect on temperature conditions, and likely through a larger southward transport of nutrient-rich water masses to northern Taiwan and the Taiwan Strait. We suggest a chain of mechanisms whereby the PDO shapes interannual dynamics of pelagic copepods and highlight that these results have implications for integrative management measures, as pelagic copepods plays a prominent role in food web dynamics and for harvested fish in the East China Sea.
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ISSN 1932-6203 ISBN Médium
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Auteur Ramirez-Romero, E.; Molinero, J.C.; Sommer, U.; Salhi, N.; Yahia, O.K.-D.; Yahia, M.N.D.
Titre Phytoplankton size changes and diversity loss in the southwestern Mediterranean Sea in relation to long-term hydrographic variability Type Article scientifique
Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci.
Volume 235 Numéro Pages 106574
Mots-Clés bay; climate-change; Diversity loss; dynamics; evolution; jellyfish; marine; Nanophytoplankton; Ocean warming; patterns; Phytoplankton diversity; plankton communities; Size structural changes; Southwestern mediterranean; temperature; time-series
Résumé Structural changes in plankton primary producers have large implications for food web dynamics, energy fluxes and the vertical export of biogenic particulate carbon. Here we examine phytoplankton data spanning the period 1993-2008 from the Bay of Tunis, southwestern Mediterranean Sea, in relation to long term hydroclimate variability. We show a conspicuous shift in the structure of the phytoplankton community characterized by an increase of small-sized species and diversity loss, revealing a dominance of smaller blooming diatoms and cyanobacteria. Such changes were concurrent with marked modifications in hydroclimatic patterns experienced in the Bay of Tunis consisting of a shift towards enhanced winter precipitation together with rising temperatures. This novel study shows an overall rise in the proportion of small phytoplankton cells and a decreasing trend in phytoplankton diversity in the southern Mediterranean area. These findings warn of a potential decline of trophic efficiency and lesser food web stability resulting from mean size reduction and the diversity loss.
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ISSN 0272-7714 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2766
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Auteur ROUYER, T.; FROMENTIN, J.-M.; HIDALGO, M.; STENSETH, N.C.
Titre Combined effects of exploitation and temperature on fish stocks in the Northeast Atlantic Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Ices Journal Of Marine Science Revue Abrégée
Volume 71 Numéro 7 Pages 1554-1562
Mots-Clés combined climate/exploitation effect; exploitation; fish stocks; Northeast Atlantic; response to climate; time-series
Résumé Fish stock fluctuations are affected by two potentially confounding forces: the removal of individuals by fisheries and climatic variations affecting the productivity of fish populations. Disentangling the relative importance of these forces has thus been a question of primary importance for fisheries management and conservation. Through the analysis of long-term time-series for 27 fish stocks from the Northeast Atlantic, the present study shows that the sign and intensity of the effect of temperature on biomass are dependent on the geographical location: the stocks located at the southernmost and northernmost latitudes of our study displayed stronger associations with temperature than the stocks located in the middle range of latitudes. As a consequence, the investigation of the combined effects of exploitation and the environment revealed that the stocks at the northern/southern boundaries of the spatial extent of the species were more prone to combined effects. The interplay between geographic location, climate and exploitation thus plays a significant role in fish stock productivity, which is generally ignored during assessment, thus affecting management procedures.
Adresse Inst Marine Res, Dept Coastal Zone Studies, Flodevigen Res Stn, N-4817 His, Norway.
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Editeur Oxford Univ Press Lieu de Publication Éditeur
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