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Auteur Blasco, F.R.; Esbaugh, A.J.; Killen, S.S.; Rantin, F.T.; Taylor, E.W.; McKenzie, D.J. doi  openurl
  Titre Using aerobic exercise to evaluate sub-lethal tolerance of acute warming in fishes Type Article scientifique
  Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée J. Exp. Biol.  
  Volume 223 Numéro 9 Pages jeb218602  
  Mots-Clés capacity; climate-change; CTmax; hypoxia tolerance; marine fishes; Oreochromis niloticus; oxygen-tensions; performance; Piaractus mesopotamicus; scope; sea bass; temperature; thermal tolerance  
  Résumé We investigated whether fatigue from sustained aerobic swimming provides a sub-lethal endpoint to define tolerance of acute warming in fishes, as an alternative to loss of equilibrium (LOE) during a critical thermal maximum (CTmax) protocol. Two species were studied, Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus). Each fish underwent an incremental swim test to determine gait transition speed (U-GT), where it first engaged the unsteady anaerobic swimming mode that preceded fatigue. After suitable recovery, each fish was exercised at 85% of their own U-GT and warmed 1 degrees C every 30 min, to identify the temperature at which they fatigued, denoted as CTswim. Fish were also submitted to a standard CTmax, warming at the same rate as CTswim, under static conditions until LOE. All individuals fatigued in CTswim, at a mean temperature approximately 2 degrees C lower than their CTmax. Therefore, if exposed to acute warming in the wild, the ability to perform aerobic metabolic work would be constrained at temperatures significantly below those that directly threatened survival. The collapse in performance at CTswim was preceded by a gait transition qualitatively indistinguishable from that during the incremental swim test. This suggests that fatigue in CTswim was linked to an inability to meet the tissue oxygen demands of exercise plus warming. This is consistent with the oxygen and capacity limited thermal tolerance (OCLTT) hypothesis, regarding the mechanism underlying tolerance of warming in fishes. Overall, fatigue at CTswim provides an ecologically relevant sub-lethal threshold that is more sensitive to extreme events than LOE at CTmax.  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0022-0949 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes WOS:000541842300012 Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2817  
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Auteur Durant, J.M.; Molinero, J.-C.; Ottersen, G.; Reygondeau, G.; Stige, L.C.; Langangen, O. doi  openurl
  Titre Contrasting effects of rising temperatures on trophic interactions in marine ecosystems Type Article scientifique
  Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Sci Rep  
  Volume 9 Numéro Pages 15213  
  Mots-Clés biodiversity; calanus-finmarchicus; climate-change; fluctuations; life-history; mallotus-villosus; match; mismatch; phenology; thermal tolerance  
  Résumé In high-latitude marine environments, primary producers and their consumers show seasonal peaks of abundance in response to annual light cycle, water column stability and nutrient availability. Predatory species have adapted to this pattern by synchronising life-history events such as reproduction with prey availability. However, changing temperatures may pose unprecedented challenges by decoupling the predator-prey interactions. Here we build a predator-prey model accounting for the full life-cycle of fish and zooplankton including their phenology. The model assumes that fish production is bottom-up controlled by zooplankton prey abundance and match or mismatch between predator and prey phenology, and is parameterised based on empirical findings of how climate influences phenology and prey abundance. With this model, we project possible climate-warming effects on match-mismatch dynamics in Arcto-boreal and temperate biomes. We find a strong dependence on synchrony with zooplankton prey in the Arcto-boreal fish population, pointing towards a possible pronounced population decline with warming because of frequent desynchronization with its zooplankton prey. In contrast, the temperate fish population appears better able to track changes in prey timing and hence avoid strong population decline. These results underline that climate change may enhance the risks of predator-prey seasonal asynchrony and fish population declines at higher latitudes.  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 2045-2322 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes WOS:000491859500003 Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2668  
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Auteur Morato, T.; Gonzalez-Irusta, J.-M.; Dominguez-Carrio, C.; Wei, C.-L.; Davies, A.; Sweetman, A.K.; Taranto, G.H.; Beazley, L.; Garcia-Alegre, A.; Grehan, A.; Laffargue, P.; Murillo, F.J.; Sacau, M.; Vaz, S.; Kenchington, E.; Arnaud-Haond, S.; Callery, O.; Chimienti, G.; Cordes, E.; Egilsdottir, H.; Freiwald, A.; Gasbarro, R.; Gutierrez-Zarate, C.; Gianni, M.; Gilkinson, K.; Wareham Hayes, V.E.; Hebbeln, D.; Hedges, K.; Henry, L.-A.; Johnson, D.; Koen-Alonso, M.; Lirette, C.; Mastrototaro, F.; Menot, L.; Molodtsova, T.; Duran Munoz, P.; Orejas, C.; Pennino, M.G.; Puerta, P.; Ragnarsson, S. a; Ramiro-Sanchez, B.; Rice, J.; Rivera, J.; Roberts, J.M.; Ross, S.W.; Rueda, J.L.; Sampaio, I.; Snelgrove, P.; Stirling, D.; Treble, M.A.; Urra, J.; Vad, J.; van Oevelen, D.; Watling, L.; Walkusz, W.; Wienberg, C.; Woillez, M.; Levin, L.A.; Carreiro-Silva, M. doi  openurl
  Titre Climate-induced changes in the suitable habitat of cold-water corals and commercially important deep-sea fishes in the North Atlantic Type Article scientifique
  Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Glob. Change Biol.  
  Volume Numéro Pages  
  Mots-Clés calcification rates; climate change; cod gadus-morhua; cold-water corals; deep-sea; envelope models; fisheries; fishes; habitat suitability modelling; lophelia-pertusa; ocean acidification; octocorals; protected areas; scleractinian corals; scleractinians; species distribution models; species distribution models; thermal tolerance; vulnerable marine ecosystems  
  Résumé The deep sea plays a critical role in global climate regulation through uptake and storage of heat and carbon dioxide. However, this regulating service causes warming, acidification and deoxygenation of deep waters, leading to decreased food availability at the seafloor. These changes and their projections are likely to affect productivity, biodiversity and distributions of deep-sea fauna, thereby compromising key ecosystem services. Understanding how climate change can lead to shifts in deep-sea species distributions is critically important in developing management measures. We used environmental niche modelling along with the best available species occurrence data and environmental parameters to model habitat suitability for key cold-water coral and commercially important deep-sea fish species under present-day (1951-2000) environmental conditions and to project changes under severe, high emissions future (2081-2100) climate projections (RCP8.5 scenario) for the North Atlantic Ocean. Our models projected a decrease of 28%-100% in suitable habitat for cold-water corals and a shift in suitable habitat for deep-sea fishes of 2.0 degrees-9.9 degrees towards higher latitudes. The largest reductions in suitable habitat were projected for the scleractinian coral Lophelia pertusa and the octocoral Paragorgia arborea, with declines of at least 79% and 99% respectively. We projected the expansion of suitable habitat by 2100 only for the fishes Helicolenus dactylopterus and Sebastes mentella (20%-30%), mostly through northern latitudinal range expansion. Our results projected limited climate refugia locations in the North Atlantic by 2100 for scleractinian corals (30%-42% of present-day suitable habitat), even smaller refugia locations for the octocorals Acanella arbuscula and Acanthogorgia armata (6%-14%), and almost no refugia for P. arborea. Our results emphasize the need to understand how anticipated climate change will affect the distribution of deep-sea species including commercially important fishes and foundation species, and highlight the importance of identifying and preserving climate refugia for a range of area-based planning and management tools.  
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  ISSN 1354-1013 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes WOS:000514391400001 Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2752  
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Auteur Rogers, N.J.; UrbinaLt, M.A.; Reardon, E.E.; McKenzie, D.J.; Wilsonl, R.W. doi  openurl
  Titre A new analysis of hypoxia tolerance in fishes using a database of critical oxygen level (P-crit) Type Article scientifique
  Année 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée Conserv. Physiol.  
  Volume 4 Numéro Pages cow012  
  Mots-Clés Carbon dioxide; carp cyprinus-carpio; critical oxygen tension; eel anguilla-anguilla; environmental hypoxia; fresh-water fishes; goldfish carassius-auratus; inanga galaxias-maculatus; intermittent-flow respirometry; metabolic rate; oxygen and capacity limitation of thermal tolerance; physiological trait; postprandial metabolic-response; snapper pagrus-auratus; trout oncorhynchus-mykiss  
  Résumé Hypoxia is a common occurrence in aquatic habitats, and it is becoming an increasingly frequent and widespread environmental perturbation, primarily as the result of anthropogenic nutrient enrichment and climate change. An in-depth understanding of the hypoxia tolerance of fishes, and how this varies among individuals and species, is required to make accurate predictions of future ecological impacts and to provide better information for conservation and fisheries management. The critical oxygen level (P-crit)m has been widely used as a quantifiable trait of hypoxia tolerance. It is defined as the oxygen level below which the animal can no longer maintain a stable rate of oxygen uptake (oxyregulate) and uptake becomes dependent on ambient oxygen availability (the animal transitions to oxyconforming). A comprehensive database of P-crit values, comprising 331 measurements from 96 published studies, covering 151 fish species from 58 families, provides the most extensive and up-to-date analysis of hypoxia tolerance in teleosts. Methodologies for determining Pcrit are critically examined to evaluate its usefulness as an indicator of hypoxia tolerance in fishes. Various abiotic and biotic factors that interact with hypoxia are analysed for their effect on P, including temperature, CO,, acidification, toxic metals and feeding. Salinity, temperature, body mass and routine metabolic rate were strongly correlated with P-crit; 20% of variation in the P-crit, data set was explained by these four variables. An important methodological issue not previously considered is the inconsistent increase in partial pressure of CO, within a closed respirometer during the measurement of P-crit. Modelling suggests that the final partial pressure of CO, reached can vary from 650 to 3500 mu atm depending on the ambient pH and salinity, with potentially major effects on blood acid-base balance and P it itself. This database will form part of a widely accessible repository of physiological trait data that will serve as a resource to facilitate future studies of fish ecology, conservation and management.  
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  ISSN 2051-1434 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1656  
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Auteur Valladares, F.; Matesanz, S.; Guilhaumon, F.; Araujo, M.B.; Balaguer, L.; Benito-Garzon, M.; Cornwell, W.; Gianoli, E.; van Kleunen, M.; Naya, D.E.; Nicotra, A.B.; Poorter, H.; Zavala, M.A. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre The effects of phenotypic plasticity and local adaptation on forecasts of species range shifts under climate change Type Article scientifique
  Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Ecology Letters  
  Volume 17 Numéro 11 Pages 1351-1364  
  Mots-Clés change impacts; climate change; climate variability hypothesis; ecological niche models; edge populations; environments; evolution; genetic differentiation; global change; intraspecific variation; local adaptation; niche; phenotypic plasticity; population differentiation; quercus-coccifera; reaction norms; thermal tolerance; tree populations  
  Résumé Species are the unit of analysis in many global change and conservation biology studies; however, species are not uniform entities but are composed of different, sometimes locally adapted, populations differing in plasticity. We examined how intraspecific variation in thermal niches and phenotypic plasticity will affect species distributions in a warming climate. We first developed a conceptual model linking plasticity and niche breadth, providing five alternative intraspecific scenarios that are consistent with existing literature. Secondly, we used ecological niche-modeling techniques to quantify the impact of each intraspecific scenario on the distribution of a virtual species across a geographically realistic setting. Finally, we performed an analogous modeling exercise using real data on the climatic niches of different tree provenances. We show that when population differentiation is accounted for and dispersal is restricted, forecasts of species range shifts under climate change are even more pessimistic than those using the conventional assumption of homogeneously high plasticity across a species' range. Suitable population-level data are not available for most species so identifying general patterns of population differentiation could fill this gap. However, the literature review revealed contrasting patterns among species, urging greater levels of integration among empirical, modeling and theoretical research on intraspecific phenotypic variation.  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
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  ISSN 1461-023x ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes <p>ISI Document Delivery No.: AT8YX<br/>Times Cited: 4<br/>Cited Reference Count: 80<br/>Valladares, Fernando Matesanz, Silvia Guilhaumon, Francois Araujo, Miguel B. Balaguer, Luis Benito-Garzon, Marta Cornwell, Will Gianoli, Ernesto van Kleunen, Mark Naya, Daniel E. Nicotra, Adrienne B. Poorter, Hendrik Zavala, Miguel A.<br/>Spanish Ministry for Innovation and Science with the grant Consolider Montes [CSD2008 00040]; Community of Madrid grant REMEDINAL 2 [CM S2009 AMB 1783]; CYTED network ECONS [410RT0406]; Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness [1/SAE-SCTN/ALENT-07-0224-FEDER-001755, CGL2011-26852]<br/>This work was supported by the Spanish Ministry for Innovation and Science with the grant Consolider Montes [CSD2008 00040], the Community of Madrid grant REMEDINAL 2 [CM S2009 AMB 1783], and CYTED network ECONS (410RT0406). The Pinus sylvestris provenance tests used in this research are part of the Spanish Network of Genetic Trials (GENFORED). We thank all those involved in the establishment, maintenance and measurement of the trials. MBA also thanks the Portuguese IC&DT Call No 1/SAE-SCTN/ALENT-07-0224-FEDER-001755 and CGL2011-26852 project of the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness for support of his research.<br/>Wiley-blackwell<br/>Hoboken</p> Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1176  
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