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Auteur Grande, M.; Murua, H.; Zudaire, I.; Arsenault-Pernet, E.J.; Pernet, F.; Bodin, N. doi  openurl
  Titre Energy allocation strategy of skipjack tuna Katsuwonus pelamis during their reproductive cycle Type Article scientifique
  Année 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée J. Fish Biol.  
  Volume 89 Numéro 5 Pages 2434-2448  
  Mots-Clés bonito euthynnus-pelamis; cod gadus-morhua; fatty-acid-composition; highly migratory fish; Income breeder; Indian Ocean; lipid classes; oocyte growth; reproduction; sarda-sarda; teleost fish; thunnus-albacares; Tropical tuna; western indian-ocean  
  Résumé The lipid composition of somatic and reproductive tissues was determined for female skipjack tuna Katsuwonus pelamis caught in the western Indian Ocean between latitude 10 degrees N and 20 degrees S and longitude 40 degrees and 70 degrees E. The highest total lipid (TL) contents were in the liver and gonads, with white muscle levels approximately three-fold lower. Three lipid classes dominated: triacylglycerols (TAG), sterol esters and wax esters (SE-WE) and phospholipids (PL). Collectively, these accounted for between 70 and 80% of TLs. Changes in lipid concentrations were evaluated over the maturation cycle. Immature fish had the lowest gonad and liver TL levels; concentrations of TL, TAG, SE-WE and PL accumulated from immature to mature (spawning-capable) phase, reflecting sustained vitellogenic activity of the liver and a transfer of lipids to developing oocytes from the onset of vitellogenesis. Gonado-somatic and hepato-somatic indices were positively correlated with each other and positively related to TL in the gonads and liver. Fulton's condition index and lipid concentrations in muscle did not vary significantly over the maturation cycle; fat content in the main storage tissues was undepleted as the ovary developed. Hence, K. pelamis apparently supports reproduction directly from food intake over the breeding season. In the gonads, reserve lipids (SE-WE and TAG) and sterols were related to batch fecundity but this was not the case for somatic and hepatic tissues. These results suggest that K. pelamis utilizes an income breeding strategy.  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0022-1112 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1685  
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Auteur Killen, S.S.; Marras, S.; McKenzie, D.J. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Fast growers sprint slower: effects of food deprivation and re-feeding on sprint swimming performance in individual juvenile European sea bass Type Article scientifique
  Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Journal of Experimental Biology  
  Volume 217 Numéro 6 Pages 859-865  
  Mots-Clés Compensatory growth; Ecophysiology; Food deprivation; Foraging; Locomotion; atlantic; catch-up growth; cod; dicentrarchus-labrax; ecological performance; gadus-morhua; long-term starvation; metabolic responses; salmon; teleost fish; trade-off; trade-offs; trout oncorhynchus-mykiss  
  Résumé While many ectothermic species can withstand prolonged fasting without mortality, food deprivation may have sublethal effects of ecological importance, including reductions in locomotor ability. Little is known about how such changes in performance in individual animals are related to either mass loss during food deprivation or growth rate during re-feeding. This study followed changes in the maximum sprint swimming performance of individual European sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax, throughout 45 days of food deprivation and 30 days of re-feeding. Maximum sprint speed did not show a significant decline until 45 days of food deprivation. Among individuals, the reduction in sprinting speed at this time was not related to mass loss. After 30 days of re-feeding, mean sprinting speed had recovered to match that of control fish. Among individuals, however, maximum sprinting speed was negatively correlated with growth rate after the resumption of feeding. This suggests that the rapid compensatory growth that occurs during re-feeding after a prolonged fast carries a physiological cost in terms of reduced sprinting capacity, the extent of which shows continuous variation among individuals in relation to growth rate. The long-term repeatability of maximum sprint speed was low when fish were fasted or fed a maintenance ration, but was high among control fish fed to satiation. Fish that had been previously food deprived continued to show low repeatability in sprinting ability even after the initiation of ad libitum feeding, probably stemming from variation in compensatory growth among individuals and its associated negative effects on sprinting ability. Together, these results suggest that food limitation can disrupt hierarchies of maximum sprint performance within populations. In the wild, the cumulative effects on locomotor capacity of fasting and re-feeding could lead to variable survival among individuals with different growth trajectories following a period of food deprivation.  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0022-0949 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 601  
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Auteur L'Honore, T.; Farcy, E.; Chatain, B.; Gros, R.; Ruelle, F.; Hermet, S.; Blondeau-Bidet, E.; Naudet, J.; Lorin-Nebel, C. doi  openurl
  Titre Are European sea bass as euryhaline as expected? Intraspecific variation in freshwater tolerance Type Article scientifique
  Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Mar. Biol.  
  Volume 166 Numéro 8 Pages 102  
  Mots-Clés atlantic salmon; dicentrarchus-labrax; dna methylation; gene-expression; growth-hormone; messenger-rna levels; molecular characterization; phenotypic plasticity; stress-response; teleost fish  
  Résumé In teleosts, the regulation of hydromineral balance has a direct impact on several physiological functions, biochemical processes, and can influence behaviour, distribution and survival. As European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax undertake seasonal migrations from seawater (SW) to brackish, estuarine and fresh water (FW) in their habitat, this study investigates their capacity to tolerate fresh water and explores intraspecific variations in physiological responses. Juvenile D. labrax were transferred from SW to FW at various ages. Freshwater-tolerant and non-tolerant phenotypes were discriminated according to behavioural and morphological characteristics. About 30% of the fish exposed to FW were identified as freshwater intolerant following FW challenges performed at different ages. Interestingly, intolerant fish exhibited the same phenotypic traits: erratic swimming, lower speed, isolation from the shoal and darker colour. Freshwater-intolerant fish were also characterised by a significant lower blood osmolality compared to tolerant fish, and significantly lower Na+/K+-ATPase alpha 1a expression in the posterior kidney. An imbalance in ion regulatory mechanisms was further confirmed by a blood Na+/Cl- ratio imbalance observed in some freshwater-intolerant fish. The analysis of glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid receptor expression levels in gills and kidney revealed significant differences between freshwater-intolerant and -tolerant fish in both organs, suggesting differential stress-related responses. This study clearly shows an intraspecific difference in the responses following FW transfer with a decreased renal ion uptake capacity as a major cause for freshwater intolerance.  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0025-3162 ISBN Médium  
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  Notes WOS:000475657500006 Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2631  
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Auteur Marras, S.; Killen, S.S.; Claireaux, G.; Domenici, P.; McKenzie, D.J. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Behavioural and kinematic components of the fast-start escape response in fish: individual variation and temporal repeatability Type Article scientifique
  Année 2011 Publication Revue Abrégée J. Exp. Biol.  
  Volume 214 Numéro 18 Pages 3102-3110  
  Mots-Clés anaerobic performance; anaerobic swimming performance; body form; dicentrarchus-labrax; escape response; european sea bass; fast start; fish; gambusia-affinis; individual variation; locomotor performance; morphology; poecilia-reticulata; rainbow-trout; repeatability; sea bass; stereotype; swimming performance; teleost fish  
  Résumé Inter-individual variation in physiological performance traits, which is stable over time, can be of potential ecological and evolutionary significance. The fish escape response is interesting in this regard because it is a performance trait for which inter-individual variation may determine individual survival. The temporal stability of such variation is, however, largely unexplored. We quantified individual variation of various components of the escape response in a population of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax), considering both non-locomotor (responsiveness and latency) and locomotor (speed, acceleration, turning rate, turning angle and distance travelled in a fixed time, D(esc)) variables. We assessed whether variation in performance was temporally stable and we searched for any trade-offs among the components of the response that might explain why the variation persisted in the population. The coefficient of variation was high for all components, from 23% for turning rate to 41% for D(esc), highlighting the non-stereotypic nature of the response. Individual performance for all variables was significantly repeatable over five sequential responses at 30min intervals, and also repeatable after a 30 day interval for most of the components. This indicates that the variation is intrinsic to the individuals, but there was no evidence for trade-offs amongst the components of the response, suggesting that, if trade-offs exist, they must be against other ecologically important behavioural or performance traits.  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0022-0949 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 458  
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Auteur Maugars, G.; Manirafasha, M.-C.; Grousset, E.; Boulo, V.; Lignot, J.-H. doi  openurl
  Titre The effects of acute transfer to freshwater on ion transporters of the pharyngeal cavity in European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) Type Article scientifique
  Année 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée Fish Physiol. Biochem.  
  Volume 44 Numéro 5 Pages 1393-1408  
  Mots-Clés atlantic salmon; atpase alpha-1 isoforms; branchial chloride cells; carbonic-anhydrase; Dicentrarchus labrax; gill na+/k+-atpase; Gills and extrabranchial organs; Ion transporters; k+-atpase; mitochondrion-rich cells; Osmoregulation; salinity transfer; salmon salmo-salar; seawater acclimation; Seawater to freshwater transfer; Teleost fish  
  Résumé Gene expression of key ion transporters (the Na+/K+-ATPase NKA, the Na+, K+-2Cl(-) cotransporter NKCC1, and CFTR) in the gills, opercular inner epithelium, and pseudobranch of European seabass juveniles (Dicentrarchus labrax) were studied after acute transfer up to 4days from seawater (SW) to freshwater (FW). The functional remodeling of these organs was also studied. Handling stress (SW to SW transfer) rapidly induced a transcript level decrease for the three ion transporters in the gills and operculum. NKA and CFTR relative expression level were stable, but in the pseudobranch, NKCC1 transcript levels increased (up to 2.4-fold). Transfer to FW induced even more organ-specific responses. In the gills, a 1.8-fold increase for NKA transcript levels occurs within 4days post transfer with also a general decrease for CFTR and NKCC1. In the operculum, transcript levels are only slightly modified. In the pseudobranch, there is a transient NKCC1 increase followed by 0.6-fold decrease and 0.8-fold CFTR decrease. FW transfer also induced a density decrease for the opercular ionocytes and goblet cells. Therefore, gills and operculum display similar trends in SW-fish but have different responses in FW-transferred fish. Also, the pseudobranch presents contrasting response both in SW and in FW, most probably due to the high density of a cell type that is morphologically and functionally different compared to the typical gill-type ionocyte. This pseudobranch-type ionocyte could be involved in blood acid-base regulation masking a minor osmotic regulatory capacity of this organ compared to the gills.  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0920-1742 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2417  
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