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Auteur (up) Lamarre, S.G.; Ditlecadet, D.; McKenzie, D.J.; Bonnaud, L.; Driedzic, W.R.
Titre Mechanisms of protein degradation in mantle muscle and proposed gill remodeling in starved Sepia officinalis Type Article scientifique
Année 2012 Publication Revue Abrégée Am. J. Physiol.-Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol.
Volume 303 Numéro 4 Pages R427-R437
Mots-Clés Rna; cathepsin; cephalopod; cephalopods; gadus-morhua l; growth; metabolic enzymes; metabolism; octopus-vulgaris; polyubiquitin; proteasome; rainbow-trout; skeletal-muscle; squid; starvation; triglyceride; trout oncorhynchus-mykiss
Résumé Lamarre SG, Ditlecadet D, McKenzie DJ, Bonnaud L, Driedzic WR. Mechanisms of protein degradation in mantle muscle and proposed gill remodeling in starved Sepia officinalis. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 303: R427-R437, 2012. First published May 30, 2012; doi:10.1152/ajpregu.00077.2012.-Cephalopods have relatively high rates of protein synthesis compared to rates of protein degradation, along with minimal carbohydrate and lipid reserves. During food deprivation on board protein is catabolized as a metabolic fuel. The aim of the current study was to assess whether biochemical indices of protein synthesis and proteolytic mechanisms were altered in cuttlefish, Sepia officinalis, starved for 7 days. In mantle muscle, food deprivation is associated with a decrease in protein synthesis, as indicated by a decrease in the total RNA level and dephosphorylation of key signaling molecules, such as the eukaryote binding protein, 4E-BP1 (regulator of translation) and Akt. The ubiquitination-proteasome system (UPS) is activated as shown by an increase in the levels of proteasome beta-subunit mRNA, polyubiquitinated protein, and polyubiquitin mRNA. As well, cathepsin activity levels are increased, suggesting increased proteolysis through the lysosomal pathway. Together, these mechanisms could supply amino acids as metabolic fuels. In gill, the situation is quite different. It appears that during the first stages of starvation, both protein synthesis and protein degradation are enhanced in gill. This is based upon increased phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 and enhanced levels of UPS indicators, especially 20S proteasome activity and polyubiquitin mRNA. It is proposed that an increased protein turnover is related to gill remodeling perhaps to retain essential hemolymph-borne compounds.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0363-6119 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 702
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Auteur (up) Teulier, L.; Thoral, E.; Queiros, Q.; McKenzie, D.J.; Roussel, D.; Dutto, G.; Gasset, E.; Bourjea, J.; Saraux, C.
Titre Muscle bioenergetics of two emblematic Mediterranean fish species: Sardina pilchardus and Sparus aurata Type Article scientifique
Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A-Mol. Integr. Physiol.
Volume 235 Numéro Pages 174-179
Mots-Clés aerobic capacity; Bioenergetics; gait transition; Lipids; Marine fishes; metabolic fuels; pathways; physiology; Red muscle; responses; skeletal-muscle; slow; swimming performance; temperature
Résumé We investigated links between swimming behavior and muscle bioenergetics in two emblematic Mediterranean fish species that have very different ecologies and activity levels. European sardines Sardina pilchardus are pelagic, they swim aerobically, school constantly and have high muscle fat content. Gilthead seabream Sparus aurata are bentho-pelagic, they show discontinuous spontaneous swimming patterns and store less fat in their muscle. Estimating the proportion of red and white muscle phenotypes, sardine exhibited a larger proportion of red muscle (similar to 10% of the body mass) compared to gilthead seabream (similar to 5% of the body mass). We firstly studied red and white muscle fiber bioenergetics, using high-resolution respirometers, showing a 4-fold higher oxidation capacity for red compared to white muscle. Secondly, we aimed to compare the red muscle ability to oxidize either lipids or carbohydrates. Sardine red muscle had a 3-fold higher oxidative capacity than gilthead seabream and a greater capacity to oxidize lipids. This study provides novel insights into physiological mechanisms underlying the different lifestyles of these highly-prized species.
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Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1095-6433 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes WOS:000481561100018 Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2629
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