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Auteur Bouloubassi, I.; Méjanelle, L.; Pete, R.; Fillaux, J.; Lorre, A.; Point, V.
Titre PAH transport by sinking particles in the open Mediterranean Sea: A 1 year sediment trap study Type Article scientifique
Année 2006 Publication Revue Abrégée Marine Pollution Bulletin
Volume 52 Numéro 5 Pages 560-571
Mots-Clés Flux; Mediterranean sea; Open sea; Pah; Sediment trap; time-series
Résumé One year time series of sinking particles were collected at two depths in the open Mediterranean Sea and analysed for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Average total PAH concentrations were 593 ± 284 ng g -1 at 250 m and 551 ± 198 ng g -1 at 2850 m. Total PAH fluxes averaged 73 ± 58 ng m -2 d -1 at 250 m and 53 ± 39 ng m -2 d -1 at 2850 m. Contamination levels and, thus, exposure of marine organisms to PAH are comparable in surface and deep waters. Deep waters appear as a significant, yet overlooked, PAH sink. PAH temporal patterns show noticeable seasonality. This is partly due to varying levels of specific components such as the winter increase of pyrolytic PAH. Downward transport processes and the nature of sinking particles also impact on PAH fluxes, as inferred during periods of increasing productivity. Different phase-associations and interactions with particulate organic carbon for low-MW fossil PAH and high-MW pyrolytic PAH influence their downward transport efficiency. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Auteur Escalas, A.; Ferraton, F.; Paillon, C.; Vidy, G.; Carcaillet, F.; Salen-Picard, C.; Le Loc'h, F.; Richard, P.; Darnaude, A.M.
Titre Spatial variations in dietary organic matter sources modulate the size and condition of fish juveniles in temperate lagoon nursery sites Type Article scientifique
Année 2015 Publication Revue Abrégée Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci.
Volume 152 Numéro Pages 78-90
Mots-Clés coastal lagoon; continental inputs; diet; fish; food webs; fresh-water flow; gilthead sea bream; isotope ratios; lagoon; marine nurseries; nursery; sole solea-solea; sparus-aurata; Stable isotopes; stable-isotopes; trophic ecology
Résumé Effective conservation of marine fish stocks involves understanding the impact, on population dynamics, of intra-specific variation in nursery habitats use at the juvenile stage. In some regions, an important part of the catching effort is concentrated on a small number of marine species that colonize coastal lagoons during their first year of life. To determine the intra-specific variation in lagoon use by these fish and their potential demographic consequences, we studied diet spatiotemporal variations in the group 0 juveniles of a highly exploited sparid, the gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L), during their similar to 6 months stay in a NW Mediterranean lagoon (N = 331, SL = 25-198 mm) and traced the origin of the organic matter in their food webs, at two lagoon sites with contrasted continental inputs. This showed that the origin (marine, lagoonal or continental) of the organic matter (OM) available in the water column and the sediment can vary substantially within the same lagoon, in line with local variations in the intensity of marine and continental inputs. The high trophic plasticity of S. aurata allows its juveniles to adapt to resulting differences in prey abundances at each site during their lagoon residency, thereby sustaining high growth irrespective of the area inhabited within the lagoon. However, continental POM incorporation by the juveniles through their diet (of 21-37% on average depending on the site) is proportional to its availability in the environment and could be responsible for the greater fish sizes (of 28 mm SL on average) and body weights (of 40.8 g on average) observed at the site under continental influence in the autumn, when the juveniles are ready to leave the lagoon. This suggests that continental inputs in particulate OM, when present, could significantly enhance fish growth within coastal lagoons, with important consequences on the local population dynamics of the fish species that use them as nurseries. As our results indicate that continental OM can represent up to 62% of the flesh of the juveniles originating from these ecosystems, particular care should be taken to preserve or improve the chemical quality of riverine inputs to coastal lagoons. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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ISSN 0272-7714 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1192
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Auteur FROMENTIN, J.-M.; REYGONDEAU, G.; BONHOMMEAU, S.; BEAUGRAND, G.
Titre Oceanographic changes and exploitation drive the spatio-temporal dynamics of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Fisheries Oceanography
Volume 23 Numéro 2 Pages 147-156
Mots-Clés ecological niche model; longline fisheries; Migration; synergistic effects; Thunnus thynnus; time series
Résumé Atlantic bluefin tuna (ABFT) has always displayed spectacular changes in its spatial distribution, but the underlying mechanism of such variations still remains obscure. This study focuses on this challenging issue by scrutinizing the intriguing ‘Brazilian episode’ during which a large quantity of ABFT (a temperate species) was caught during the 1960s in the equatorial Atlantic. To investigate this event, we applied a niche model to an extensive data set of catch and environmental variables from 1960 to 2009. ABFT exhibited a remarkably large ecological niche, which matches well with our current knowledge of ABFT. Our results also depicted a high probability of ABFT occurrence in the South Atlantic and, more interestingly, favorable environmental conditions in the western equatorial Atlantic during the 1960s, but not later. ABFT could thus have migrated from their northern spawning grounds to the South Atlantic during the 1960s through the western equatorial Atlantic, playing the role of an ‘ecological bridge’. We argue that the rarity of ABFT in the southern Atlantic during the last four decades would result from the interaction of several processes, particularly oceanographic conditions, migratory behavior, density-dependence, exploitation levels and population structure. Examination of the catch data further indicated that the fish caught in the equatorial Atlantic were from the western stock and we concluded that the lack of rebuilding of this stock could result from a regime shift due to the combination of oceanographic changes in the equatorial Atlantic and overfishing in the North Atlantic in the 1960s and 1970s.
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ISSN 1054-6006 ISBN Médium
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Notes <p>The following values have no corresponding Zotero field:<br />Author Address: Ifremer Inst Francais Rech Exploitat Mer, UMR EME 212, F-34203 Sete, France.<br />Author Address: IRD, UMR EME 212, F-34203 Sete, France.<br />Author Address: CNRS, UMR LOG 8187, F-62930 Wimereux, France.<br />PB – Wiley-blackwell</p> Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 340
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Auteur Giannoulaki, M.; Iglesias, M.; Tugores, M.P.; Bonanno, A.; Patti, B.; Felice, A.D.; Leonori, I.; BIGOT, J.-L.; Ticina, V.; Pyrounaki, M.M.; Tsagarakis, K.; Machias, A.; Somarakis, S.; Schismenou, E.; Quinci, E.; Basilone, G.; Cuttitta, A.; Campanella, F.; Miquel, J.; Onate, D.; ROOS, D.; Valavanis, V.
Titre Characterizing the potential habitat of European anchovy Engraulis encrasicolus in the Mediterranean Sea, at different life stages Type Article scientifique
Année 2013 Publication Revue Abrégée Fisheries Oceanography
Volume 22 Numéro 2 Pages 69-89
Mots-Clés anchovy; anchovy potential nurseries; habitat suitability modelling; Mediterranean sea; small pelagics
Résumé Identification of the potential habitat of European anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) at different life stages in relation to environmental conditions is an interesting subject from both ecological and management points of view. For this purpose, acoustic data from different seasons and different parts of the Mediterranean Sea along with satellite environmental and bathymetry data were modelled using generalized additive models. Similarly, egg distribution data from summer ichthyoplankton surveys were used to model potential spawning habitat. Selected models were used to produce maps presenting the probability of anchovy presence (adults, juveniles and eggs) in the entire Mediterranean basin, as a measure of habitat adequacy. Bottom depth and sea surface chlorophyll concentration were the variables found important in all models. Potential anchovy habitats were located over the continental shelf for all life stages examined. An expansion of the potential habitat from the peak spawning (early summer) to the late spawning season (early autumn) was observed. However, the most suitable areas for the presence of anchovy spawners seem to maintain the same size between seasons. Potential juvenile habitats were associated with highly productive inshore waters, being less extended and closer to coast during winter than late autumn. Potential spawning habitat in June and July based on ichthyoplankton surveys overlapped but were wider in extent compared with adult potential habitat from acoustics in the same season. Similarities and dissimilarities between the anchovy habitats as well as comparisons with sardine habitats in the oligotrophic Mediterranean Sea and other ecosystems with higher productivity are discussed.
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Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 240
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Auteur Helias, A.; Langlois, J.; Freon, P.
Titre Fisheries in life cycle assessment: Operational factors for biotic resources depletion Type Article scientifique
Année 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée Fish. Fish.
Volume 19 Numéro 6 Pages 951-963
Mots-Clés catch; catch series; characterization factor; fishing impact; global fisheries; impact assessment; impact assessment method; lca; surplus production model
Résumé Life cycle assessment (LCA) is the normed and international framework for assessing the environmental impacts of most human activities. LCA is commonly used to assess various aspects of fisheries but is only at the onset for estimating impacts of fish removal. This study proposes original characterization factors (CFs) to quantify impacts on biotic resources using the mass of fish caught. This mid-point assessment occurs in impact pathways leading to natural resources, one of the three areas of protection in LCA, and thus fisheries can be compared according to the depleted stock fraction. CFs are defined by the marginal approach applied to the Schaefer model, representing the dynamics of the stocks. They combine catches, current biomass and maximum intrinsic growth rates, determined from the application of the CMSY algorithm (Froese etal. (2017), Fish Fish, 18, 506) with FAO and FishBase data. A multistock CF is also proposed and used for multispecies-stocks. CFs for the 4,993 stocks defined from global FAO areas are obtained and sorted according to the robustness of the model hypotheses. CF values among stocks generally tend to decrease when fish catches increase because high catches are generally associated with abundant stocks. Multispecies-stocks CFs for the northeast Atlantic Ocean are compared to ICES-based CFs and are reliable for the main fished stocks. With this simple and generic structure, this operational fish resource depletion potential could be extended to other biotic resources.
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ISSN 1467-2960 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2445
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