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Auteur Ramos-Judez, S.; Gonzalez, W.; Dutto, G.; Mylona, C.C.; Fauvel, C.; Duncan, N.
Titre Gamete quality and management for in vitro fertilisation in meagre (Argyrosomus regius) Type Article scientifique
Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquaculture
Volume (down) 509 Numéro Pages 227-235
Mots-Clés Argyrosomus regius; Artificial fertilisation; artificial fertilization; cultured fish; Gamete management; GnRHa; hatching rates; injections; Meagre; ovulation; Reproduction; sea-bass; sperm activation; spermatozoaoocyte ratio; time; water volume
Résumé The aquaculture of meagre (Argyrosomus regius) requires methods for the control of reproduction that enable the production of families from specific individuals for selective breeding programs. We experimentally determined the parameters required for an in vitro fertilisation protocol. A total of 14 females and 5 males (mean +/- S.D. weights of 20.45 +/- 6.22 and 15.94 +/- 2.75 kg, respectively) were used. Selected females had vitellogenic oocytes > 550 pm in diameter and males had fluid sperm upon application of abdominal pressure. Both sexes were treated with an injection of 15 mu g kg(-1) of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) to induce oocyte maturation/ovulation and enhance sperm production. To determine the timing of ovulation and window of high egg viability, females were stripped serially every 2.5 h beginning 35 h after GnRHa treatment. Sperm was obtained 24 h after GnRHa treatment and was diluted 1/4 in modified Leibovitz for storage at 4 degrees C until use. Sperm quality parameters such as percentage initial spermatozoa motility, duration of motility, velocity and density were determined using computer assisted sperm analysis (CASA). In vitro inseminations were made in duplicate or triplicate batches of eggs from each spawn by mixing 0.5-1 mL of eggs, 20-40 mu L diluted sperm (pooled from two males) and 100 mL of seawater. Fertilisation success was examined at spermatozoa (spz): egg ratios between similar to 2000 and 400,000 spz egg(-1). The optimal time for stripping ovulated females was <= 3 h after ovulation, which was the window of optimal egg viability. Ovulation under the conditions of this study was close to 38 h after GnRHa treatment, with a range from 35 to 41 h. Beginning from 3 h after ovulation, egg viability declined probably due to overripening. Sperm diluted in Leibovitz maintained motility and velocity for as long as 7 h after collection. Spermatozoa motility (%) and average path velocity (VAP, mu m/s) of sperm samples obtained from males before GnRHa injection declined rapidly after activation compared to the samples obtained 24 h post-injection, with significant decreases respectively after 75 and 45 s. A minimum ratio of 150,000 spermatozoa egg(-1) was necessary to ensure high fertilisation success. The acquired knowledge of the present study will aid the aquaculture industry and future research on selective breeding programs for meagre.
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ISSN 0044-8486 ISBN Médium
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Notes WOS:000471749800029 Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2610
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Auteur Doan, K.Q.; Vandeputte, M.; Chatain, B.; Haffray, P.; Vergnet, A.; Breuil, G.; Allal, F.
Titre Genetic variation of resistance to Viral Nervous Necrosis and genetic correlations with production traits in wild populations of the European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) Type Article scientifique
Année 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquaculture
Volume (down) 478 Numéro Pages 1-8
Mots-Clés Genetic correlation; Heritability; VNN disease; VNN resistance
Résumé Viral Nervous Necrosis (VNN) disease is considered as one of the most serious threats for European sea bass cultured in Mediterranean Sea, with no simple and effective procedures to treat this disease. In this study, 1472 offspring resulting from artificial full factorial mating of western Mediterranean dams with sires from four different wild populations of European sea bass (Northern Atlantic, NAT; Western Mediterranean, WEM; Northern-East Mediterranean, NEM; and Southern-East Mediterranean, SEM) were challenged by experimental infection to W80 betanodavirus strain in order to evaluate genetic variations for VNN resistance among populations and genetic correlations between VNN resistance and production traits. The results showed a large variation of VNN resistance between the four populations tested as well as between sire families within strain. The survivals between pure wild populations SEM, NEM, WEM and NAT were estimated at 99%, 94%, 62%, and 44%, respectively. A moderate intra-population heritability of VNN resistance, calculated based on liability scale with sire model, was recorded for the first time in European sea bass (h2u = 0.26 ± 0.11). Finally, moderate negative genetic correlations between VNN resistance and daily growth coefficient (DGC) and body weight (BW) were also demonstrated (− 0.28 ± 0.20, − 0.35 ± 0.14, respectively) while the genetic correlation between resistance to VNN and fillet adiposity (FA) was weakly negative and not significant (− 0.13 ± 0.19). These results give good prospects of selective breeding of European sea bass for improved resistance to VNN disease.
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2126
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Auteur Alix, M.; Blondeau-Bidet, E.; Grousset, E.; Shiranghi, A.; Vergnet, A.; Guinand, B.; Chatain, B.; Boulo, V.; Lignot, J.-H.
Titre Effects of fasting and re-alimentation on gill and intestinal morphology and indicators of osmoregulatory capacity in genetically selected sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) populations with contrasting tolerance to fasting Type Article scientifique
Année 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquaculture
Volume (down) 468 Numéro Pages 314-325
Mots-Clés bream sparus-auratus; dietary-sodium chloride; Enterocyte; Fasting; feed deprivation; fish; fresh-water; fundulus-heteroclitus; Gill ionocyte; Morphometry; Ontogeny; oreochromis-mossambicus; Osmoregulation; rainbow-trout; Re-alimentation; Salinity; Sea bass
Résumé Fasting and refeeding occur naturally in predators but this is largely ignored when dealing with farmed fish. Therefore,the effects of 3-week fasting and re-alimentation (2.5% of the individual body mass) were investigated using two genetically selected populations (F2 generation) of 250 g juvenile sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.). Blood osmolarity, gill and intestinal morphology and expression of the sodium pump (Na+, K+-ATPase, NKA) were studied on two phenotypes showing different degrees of body mass loss during food deprivation: one group losing body mass rapidly during fasting (F+) and the other one limiting body mass loss during the same period (F-). Blood osmotic pressure significantly decreases due to re-alimentation in both groups, but this is compensated in the F+ group. In this group, gill ionocytes are smaller and less numerous, but a significantly higher NKA gene expression is noted in the gills in comparison to the F- individuals 48 and 72 h after re-alimentation, and also in the posterior intestine 72 h after re-alimentation. This most probably occurs to compensate for a higher salt intake during nutrient absorption in comparison to the F- group. Furthermore, refed F- fish absorb more lipids along the proximal anterior intestine, and take longer to digest than the F+ group, and show enterocyte vacuolization in the posterior intestine. Therefore, the two selected populations have different postprandial digestive strategies: the F- fish optimize feed efficiency first at the cost of optimal hydromineral adjustment, while the F+ group invests in osmoregulatory performance at the expense of digestive physiology. Statement of relevance: Our paper is highly relevant to the general field of commercial aquaculture. There is an increasing number of research articles dealing with fasting and refeeding in commercial fish and how to improve fish nutrition based oh these physiological data and genetic selection. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1712
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Auteur Suquet, M.; Malo, F.; Queau, I.; Ratiskol, D.; Quere, C.; Le Grand, J.; Fauvel, C.
Titre Seasonal variation of sperm quality in Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) Type Article scientifique
Année 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquaculture
Volume (down) 464 Numéro Pages 638-641
Mots-Clés age; Crassostrea gigas; cryopreservation; fish; gamete quality; Motility; Season; spawning season; Sperm ageing; Sperm quality; time
Résumé Seasonal changes of sperm quality which can affect sperm biological parameters throughout the breeding period, have been little studied in mollusc species. Controlling gamete quality would aid the management of gametes in hatcheries and the development of selection programs. The aim of the present study was to describe the changes in sperm quality of wild Pacific oysters through the spawning season by comparing sperm parameters al the beginning (May), middle (July) and end (October) of this period using a panel of bio-descriptors. These parameters were studied over the 2014 breeding season based on shed sperm collected after serotonin injection of wild breeders. A significantly higher percentage of motile sperm was observed al the end of the spawning season (+78% relative to the value observed al the beginning) althought a lower total number of spermatozoa was collected (-59%). The mean condition index of oysters, however, was no different between the three sampling dates. For intratesticular sperm, the increase of the percentage of motile sperm and Velocity of the Average Path (VAP) in relation to time post activation was not significantly different among sperm sampling periods, suggesting that the kinetic of the sperm 'maturation process was similar. Furthermore, the mean VAP observed on shed sperm did not change through the spawning season. The sub-continuous gametogenesis of Pacific oyster can help to explain why only limited consequences of sperm ageing are observed in this species. Furthermore, the effects of sperm ageing may depend on the annual reproductive pattern of Pacific oyster. Statement of relevance: This study showed the effect of sperm ageing on sperm quality parameters. This knowledge is useful for aquaculture and would support the recent trends of mollusc farming, allowing a better management of the gametes in hatchery. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
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ISSN 0044-8486 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1687
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Auteur BROSSET, P.; FROMENTIN, J.-M.; MENARD, F.; PERNET, F.; BOURDEIX, J.-H.; BIGOT, J.-L.; VAN BEVEREN, E.; PEREZ RODIA, M.A.; CHOY, S.; SARAUX, C.
Titre Measurement and analysis of small pelagic fish condition: A suitable method for rapid evaluation in the field Type Article scientifique
Année 2015 Publication Journal Of Experimental Marine Biology And Ecology Revue Abrégée
Volume (down) 462 Numéro Pages 90-97
Mots-Clés Anchovy; Fatmeter; Lipids; Mediterranean Sea; Sardine; Sprat
Résumé As condition is a key variable in population dynamics (especially for survival, growth and reproduction), the use of well-defined and accurate fish condition indices is capital. In particular, condition indices (morphometric, bioenergetic and biochemical) have never been compared and validated for the European anchovy Engraulis encrasicolus, the European pilchard Sardina pilchardus and the European sprat Sprattus sprattus. The accuracy of two indirect methods, the morphometric relative condition index Kn and the bioenergetics index determined with the Distell Fish Fatmeter was investigated by comparing with a direct measure of relative lipid content carried out with a thin layer chromatography-flame ionization detector. Estimations from the fatmeter correlated quite well with the relative lipid contents of all species, regardless of the reproductive period (R2 = 0.69 for anchovy, R2 = 0.75 for sprat and R2 = 0.48 for sardine). Kn correlated more poorly with relative lipid content (R2 = 0.22 for anchovy and R2 = 0.41 for sardine, ns for sprat), especially during the reproductive period, pointing out the difficulty for such an index to precisely reflect changes in fat allocation. During the reproductive period, changes in Kn could reflect other processes, such as changes in protein content. Therefore, these different types of commonly used indices do not reflect exactly the same type of energy stores. The high repeatability of the fatmeter was brought to light, so that only one measurement on each fish side may be necessary to evaluate the relative lipid content of a small pelagic fish. Finally, fatmeter measurements were not affected by freezing storage up to one month for anchovy (R2 = 0.66) and sardine (R2 = 0.90), making it possible to use frozen samples of both commercial and scientific survey. In contrast, the freezing storage for sprat should be avoided. Based on this study, the Fatmeter appears to be a suitable indirect method to assess condition and fat content of sardine and anchovy on a large number of individuals.
Adresse IFREMER, Laboratoire des sciences de l'Environnement Marin, LEMAR, Technopole Brest Iroise, BP 70, 29280 Plouzané, France
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ISSN 0022-0981 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ 33741 collection 984
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