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Auteur Griot, R.; Allal, F.; Phocas, F.; Brard-Fudulea, S.; Morvezen, R.; Bestin, A.; Haffray, P.; François, Y.; Morin, T.; Poncet, C.; Vergnet, A.; Cariou, S.; Brunier, J.; Bruant, J.-S.; Peyrou, B.; Gagnaire, P.-A.; Vandeputte, M.
Titre Genome-wide association studies for resistance to viral nervous necrosis in three populations of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) using a novel 57k SNP array DlabChip Type Article scientifique
Année 2021 Publication (down) Revue Abrégée Aquaculture
Volume 530 Numéro Pages 735930
Mots-Clés Disease resistance; Fish; Gwas; Linkage map; Qtl; SNP array; Vnn
Résumé Viral Nervous Necrosis (VNN) is a major threat for the European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) aquaculture industry. The improvement of disease resistance through selective breeding is a promising option to reduce outbreaks. With the development of high-throughput genotyping technologies, identification of genomic regions involved in the resistance could improve the efficiency of selective breeding. The aim of this study was to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) involved in VNN resistance and to quantify their effect. Four experimental backcross families comprising 378, 454, 291 and 211 individuals and two commercial populations A and B comprising 1027 and 1042 individuals obtained from partial factorial crosses (59♂ x 20♀ for pop A; 39♂ x 14♀ for pop B) were submitted to a redspotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV) challenge by bath. A high-density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) chip panel was designed to develop the ThermoFisher Axiom™ 57k SNP DlabChip, which was used for genotyping all individuals and building a high quality linkage map. In the backcross families, composite interval mapping was performed on 30,917, 23,592, 30,656 and 31,490 markers, respectively. In the commercial populations, 40,263 markers in pop A and 41,166 markers in pop B were used to perform genome-wide association studies (GWAS) using a GBLUP and a BayesCπ approach. One QTL was identified on chromosome LG12 in three of the four experimental backcross families, and one additional QTL on LG8 was detected in only one family. In commercial populations, QTL mapping revealed a total of seven QTLs, among which the previously mentioned QTL on LG12 was detected in both. This QTL, which was mapped to an interval of 3.45 cM, explained 9.21% of the total genetic variance in pop A, while other identified QTLs individually explained less than 1% of the total genetic variance. The identification of QTL regions involved in VNN resistance in European sea bass, with one having a strong effect, should have a great impact on the aquaculture industry. Future work could focus on the fine mapping of the causal mutation present on LG12 using whole genome sequencing.
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ISSN 0044-8486 ISBN Médium
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Notes WOS:000582169700101 Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2827
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Auteur Rossi, F.; Baeta, A.; Marques, J.C.
Titre Stable isotopes reveal habitat-related diet shifts in facultative deposit-feeders Type Article scientifique
Année 2015 Publication (down) Revue Abrégée J. Sea Res.
Volume 95 Numéro Pages 172-179
Mots-Clés Benthos; burying depth; carbon; Estuaries; estuarine habitats; food-web; Macrofauna; marine; polychaete nereis-diversicolor; scrobicularia-plana; Seagrass; seagrass meadows; Sediment; water-flow; zostera-noltii
Résumé Seagrass patches interspersed in a sediment matrix may vary environmental conditions and affect feeding habits of consumers and food-web structure. This paper investigates diet shifts between bare sediments and a Zostera noltei (Hornemann, 1832) meadow for three facultative deposit-feeding macrofaunal consumers, notably the bivalve Scrobicularia piano (da Costa, 1778), the polychaete Hediste diversicolor (O.T. Muller, 1776), and the gastropod Hydrobia ulvae (Pennant, 1778). In July 2008, one eelgrass meadow and two bare sediment locations were chosen in the Mondego estuary (40 degrees 08" N, 8 degrees 50'W, Portugal) and sampled for stable isotope signatures (delta C-13 and delta N-15) of macrofauna consumers and some of their potential basal food sources, such as sedimentary organic matter (SOM), microphytobenthos (MPB), seagrass shoots, leaves and seaweeds laying on the surface sediment. The delta N-15 of H. diversicolor was 3% higher in the eelgrass meadow than in bare sediment, indicating a change of trophic position, whereas the Bayesian stable-isotope mixing model showed that S. piano assimilated more macroalgal detritus than microphytobenthos in the eelgrass bed. Such habitat-related diet shifts have the potential to change structure and spatial dynamics of benthic food webs. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1385-1101 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1549
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Auteur David, M.; Bailly-Comte, V.; Munaron, D.; Fiandrino, A.; Stieglitz, T.C.
Titre Groundwater discharge to coastal streams – A significant pathway for nitrogen inputs to a hypertrophic Mediterranean coastal lagoon Type Article scientifique
Année 2019 Publication (down) Revue Abrégée Science of The Total Environment
Volume 677 Numéro Pages 142-155
Mots-Clés Coastal stream; Groundwater; Lagoon; Land-sea continuum; Nitrogen; Radon
Résumé Near-shore and direct groundwater inputs are frequently omitted from nutrient budgets of coastal lagoons. This study investigated groundwater-driven dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) inputs from an alluvial aquifer to the hypertrophic Or lagoon, with a focus on the Salaison River. Piezometric contours revealed that the Salaison hydrogeological catchment is 42% bigger than the surface watershed and hydraulic gradients suggest significant groundwater discharge all along the stream. Hydrograph separation of the water flow at a gauging station located 3 km upstream from the Or lagoon combined with DIN historical data enabled to estimate that groundwater-driven DIN inputs account for 81–87% of the annual total DIN inputs to the stream upstream from the gauging station. A radon mass balance was performed for the hydrological cycle 2017–2018 to estimate groundwater inflow into the downstream part of the stream. Results showed that (1) DIN fluxes increased by a factor 1.1 to 2.3 between the gauging station and the Salaison outlet, (2) the increase in DIN was due to two groundwater-fed canals and to groundwater discharge along the stream, the latter represented 63–78% of the water flow. This study thus highlights the significance of groundwater driven DIN inputs into the Salaison River, which account for 90% of the annual DIN inputs. This is particularly true in the downstream part of the river, which, on averages, supplies 48% of total DIN inputs to the river. These downstream DIN inputs into the Or lagoon were previously not taken into account in the management of this and other Mediterranean lagoons. The inputs will probably affect restoration processes for many years due to their residence time in the aquifer. This study throws light on a rarely documented source of ‘very-nearshore’ groundwater discharge to coastal streams in water and nutrient budgets of coastal zone ecosystems.
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0048-9697 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2573
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Auteur Auguet, J.C.; Montanie, H.; Delmas, D.; Hartmann, H.J.; Huet, V.
Titre Dynamic of virioplankton abundance and its environmental control in the Charente estuary (France) Type Article scientifique
Année 2005 Publication (down) Revue Abrégée Microb Ecol
Volume 50 Numéro 3 Pages 337-349
Mots-Clés Bacteria/isolation & purification Ecosystem *Environment; Controlled France Plankton/*isolation & purification Rivers/chemistry/*microbiology Seasons Viruses/*isolation & purification Water Microbiology
Résumé The Charente River provides nutrient- and virus-rich freshwater input to the Marennes Oleron Basin, the largest oyster-producing region in Europe. To evaluate virioplankton distribution in the Charente Estuary and identify which environmental variables control dynamic of virioplankton abundance, five stations defined by a salinity gradient (0-0.5, 0.6-5, 13-17, 20-24, and higher than 30 PSU) were surveyed over a year. Viral abundance was related to bacterioplankton abundance and activities, photosynthetic pigments, nutrient concentration, and physical parameters (temperature and salinity). On a spatial scale, virus displayed a decreasing pattern seaward with abundance ranging over the sampling period from 1.4x10(7) to 20.8x10(7) viruses mL-1 making virioplankton the most abundant component of planktonic microorganisms in the Charente Estuary. A good correlation was found between viral and bacterial abundance (rs=0.85). Furthermore, bacterial abundance was the most important predictor of viral abundance explaining alone between 66% (winter) and 76% (summer) of viral variability. However, no relation existed between viral abundance and chlorophyll a. Temporal variations in viral distributions were mainly controlled by temperature through the control of bacterial dynamics. Spatial variations of viral abundance were influenced by hydrodynamic conditions especially during the winter season where virioplankton distribution was entirely driven by mixing processes.
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1296
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Auteur Freon, P.; Sueiro, J.C.; Iriarte, F.; Miro Evar, O.F.; Landa, Y.; Mittaine, J.-F.; Bouchon, M.
Titre Harvesting for food versus feed: a review of Peruvian fisheries in a global context Type Article scientifique
Année 2013 Publication (down) Revue Abrégée Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries
Volume Numéro Pages
Mots-Clés Feed fish; Fisheries management; Food security; Politico-socio-economic processes; Seafood; Sustainable development
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ISSN 0960-3166 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 273
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