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Auteur (up) Beiras, R.; Bellas, J.; Cachot, J.; Cormier, B.; Cousin, X.; Engwall, M.; Gambardella, C.; Garaventa, F.; Keiter, S.; Le Bihanic, F.; Lopez-Ibanez, S.; Piazza, V.; Rial, D.; Tato, T.; Vidal-Linan, L. doi  openurl
  Titre Ingestion and contact with polyethylene microplastics does not cause acute toxicity on marine zooplankton Type Article scientifique
  Année 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée J. Hazard. Mater.  
  Volume 360 Numéro Pages 452-460  
  Mots-Clés Benzophenone-3; coastal waters; ecotoxicological evaluation; Embryo-larval bioassays; environmental risk-assessment; isochrysis-galbana; larval development; Marine litter; Marine zooplankton; mytilus-galloprovincialis; organic pollutants; paracentrotus-lividus; plastic debris; Polyethylene; uv-filters  
  Résumé Toxicity of polyethylene microplastics (PE-MP) of size ranges similar to their natural food to zooplanktonic organisms representative of the main taxa present in marine plankton, including rotifers, copepods, bivalves, echinoderms and fish, was evaluated. Early life stages (ELS) were prioritized as testing models in order to maximize sensitivity. Treatments included particles spiked with benzophenone-3 (BP-3), a hydrophobic organic chemical used in cosmetics with direct input in coastal areas. Despite documented ingestion of both virgin and BP-3 spiked microplastics no acute toxicity was found at loads orders of magnitude above environmentally relevant concentrations on any of the invertebrate models. In fish tests some effects, including premature or reduced hatching, were observed after 12 d exposure at 10 mg L-1 of BP-3 spiked PE-MP. The results obtained do not support environmentally relevant risk of microplastics on marine zooplankton. Similar approaches testing more hydrophobic chemicals with higher acute toxicity are needed before these conclusions could be extended to other organic pollutants common in marine ecosystems. Therefore, the replacement of these polymers in consumer products must be carefully considered.  
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  ISSN 0304-3894 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2432  
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Auteur (up) Bodin, N.; Lesperance, D.; Albert, R.; Hollanda, S.; Michaud, P.; Degroote, M.; Churlaud, C.; Bustamante, P. doi  openurl
  Titre Trace elements in oceanic pelagic communities in the western Indian Ocean Type Article scientifique
  Année 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée Chemosphere  
  Volume 174 Numéro Pages 354-362  
  Mots-Clés atlantic-ocean; blue marlin; Environmental risk assessment; makaira-nigricans; Marine fish; Mediterranean Sea; Mercury; mercury content; North Pacific; risk-assessment; Seafood; Selenium; swordfish xiphias-gladius; Tuna fisheries' bycatch  
  Résumé The mineral composition of target and non-target pelagic fish caught by purse-seiners and longliners in the western-central Indian Ocean was determined. From the 10 essential elements analysed, selenium and zinc showed the highest concentrations in swordfish and blue marlin while Indian mackerel appeared as a good source of copper, iron and chrome. All catch had levels of lead and cadmium, two toxic elements, below the maximum sanitary limits. Although some concerns were raised regarding mercury concentrations in the largest species (wahoo, swordfish and blue marlin), molar ratios of mercury and selenium indicate that all oceanic pelagic fish from the western-central Indian Ocean are safe for human consumption. This study also gives insights on the relationships between the levels of essential and toxic elements in fish muscle and the size, trophic position and diet sources of the studied pelagic species. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.  
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  ISSN 0045-6535 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2119  
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Auteur (up) Cormier, B.; Batel, A.; Cachot, J.; Begout, M.-L.; Braunbeck, T.; Cousin, X.; Keiter, S.H. doi  openurl
  Titre Multi-Laboratory Hazard Assessment of Contaminated Microplastic Particles by Means of Enhanced Fish Embryo Test With the Zebrafish (Danio rerio) Type Article scientifique
  Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Front. Environ. Sci.  
  Volume 7 Numéro Pages 135  
  Mots-Clés aromatic-hydrocarbons pahs; benzo[a]pyrene; chronic dietary exposure; cyp1a; erod; fish embryotoxicity test (FET); fresh-water; gene-expression; hydrophobic organic-chemicals; marine-environment; oxybenzone; perfluorooctane sulfonate; plastic debris; resin pellets; risk-assessment; swimming behavior; uv-filters  
  Résumé As wide-spread pollutants in the marine environment, microplastics (MPs) have raised public concern about potential toxic effects in aquatic organisms, and, among others, MPs were suspected to act as a vector for organic pollutants to biota. The purpose of the present study was to investigate effects by three model pollutants, oxybenzone (BP3), benzo[a] pyrene (BaP), and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) adsorbed to polyethylene MPs on the basis of a standard assay, the acute fish embryo toxicity test (FET; OECD TG 236) with zebrafish (Danio rerio) supplemented by additional endpoints such as induction of ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) activity, modification of cyp1a gene transcription and changes in larval swimming behavior. FET assays were performed in three laboratories using slightly different husbandry and exposure conditions, which, however, were all fully compatible with the limits defined by OECD TG 236. This allowed for testing of potential changes in the FET assay due to protocol variations. The standard endpoints of the FET (acute embryotoxicity) did not reveal any acute toxicity for both virgin MPs and MPs spiked with BP3, BaP, and PFOS. With respect to sublethal endpoints, EROD activity was increased after exposure to MPs spiked with BP3 (3 h pulse) and MPs spiked with BaP (96 h continuous exposure). Cyp1a transcription was increased upon exposure to MPs spiked with BP3 or BaP. For the selected combination of MPs particles and contaminants, the basic FET proved not sensitive enough to reveal effects of (virgin and spiked) MPs. However, given that the FET can easily be supplemented by a broad variety of more subtle and sensitive endpoints, an enhanced FET protocol may provide a relevant approach with developmental stages of a vertebrate animal model, which is not protected by current EU animal welfare legislation (Directive EU 2010/63).  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2646  
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Auteur (up) Goetze, J.S.; Januchowski-Hartley, F.A.; Claudet, J.; Langlois, T.J.; Wilson, S.K.; Jupiter, S.D. doi  openurl
  Titre Fish wariness is a more sensitive indicator to changes in fishing pressure than abundance, length or biomass Type Article scientifique
  Année 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée Ecol. Appl.  
  Volume 27 Numéro 4 Pages 1178-1189  
  Mots-Clés artisanal fisheries; Catch Efficiency; Compliance; Conservation; coral-reef management; Customary Management; fish behavior; Fisheries management; Flight Initiation Distance; flight initiation distance; indo-pacific; marine protected areas; periodically harvested closures; predatory fish; Recovery; risk-assessment; stereo-video system  
  Résumé Identifying the most sensitive indicators to changes in fishing pressure is important for accurately detecting impacts. Biomass is thought to be more sensitive than abundance and length, while the wariness of fishes is emerging as a new metric. Periodically harvested closures (PHCs) that involve the opening and closing of an area to fishing are the most common form of fisheries management in the western Pacific. The opening of PHCs to fishing provides a unique opportunity to compare the sensitivity of metrics, such as abundance, length, biomass and wariness, to changes in fishing pressure. Diver-operated stereo video (stereo-DOV) provides data on fish behavior (using a proxy for wariness, minimum approach distance) simultaneous to abundance and length estimates. We assessed the impact of PHC protection and harvesting on the abundance, length, biomass, and wariness of target species using stereo-DOVs. This allowed a comparison of the sensitivity of these metrics to changes in fishing pressure across four PHCs in Fiji, where spearfishing and fish drives are common. Before PHCs were opened to fishing they consistently decreased the wariness of targeted species but were less likely to increase abundance, length, or biomass. Pulse harvesting of PHCs resulted in a rapid increase in the wariness of fishes but inconsistent impacts across the other metrics. Our results suggest that fish wariness is the most sensitive indicator of fishing pressure, followed by biomass, length, and abundance. The collection of behavioral data simultaneously with abundance, length, and biomass estimates using stereo-DOVs offers a cost-effective indicator of protection or rapid increases in fishing pressure. Stereo-DOVs can rapidly provide large amounts of behavioral data from monitoring programs historically focused on estimating abundance and length of fishes, which is not feasible with visual methods.  
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  ISSN 1051-0761 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2151  
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Auteur (up) Legradi, J.B.; Di Paolo, C.; Kraak, M.H.S.; van der Geest, H.G.; Schymanski, E.L.; Williams, A.J.; Dingemans, M.M.L.; Massei, R.; Brack, W.; Cousin, X.; Begout, M.-L.; van der Oost, R.; Carion, A.; Suarez-Ulloa, V.; Silvestre, F.; Escher, B.I.; Engwall, M.; Nilen, G.; Keiter, S.H.; Pollet, D.; Waldmann, P.; Kienle, C.; Werner, I.; Haigis, A.-C.; Knapen, D.; Vergauwen, L.; Spehr, M.; Schulz, W.; Busch, W.; Leuthold, D.; Scholz, S.; vom Berg, C.M.; Basu, N.; Murphy, C.A.; Lampert, A.; Kuckelkorn, J.; Grummt, T.; Hollert, H. doi  openurl
  Titre An ecotoxicological view on neurotoxicity assessment Type Article scientifique
  Année 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée Environ. Sci Eur.  
  Volume 30 Numéro Pages 46  
  Mots-Clés Behaviour; zebrafish danio-rerio; environmental risk-assessment; acetylcholinesterase inhibitors; adverse outcome pathways; aop; Computational toxicity; developmental neurotoxicity; diesel exhaust; Eco-neurotoxicity; Ecological; eda; effect-directed analysis; lateral-line; Neurotoxicity; performance liquid-chromatography; reach; Species; swimming behavior  
  Résumé The numbers of potential neurotoxicants in the environment are raising and pose a great risk for humans and the environment. Currently neurotoxicity assessment is mostly performed to predict and prevent harm to human populations. Despite all the efforts invested in the last years in developing novel in vitro or in silico test systems, in vivo tests with rodents are still the only accepted test for neurotoxicity risk assessment in Europe. Despite an increasing number of reports of species showing altered behaviour, neurotoxicity assessment for species in the environment is not required and therefore mostly not performed. Considering the increasing numbers of environmental contaminants with potential neurotoxic potential, eco-neurotoxicity should be also considered in risk assessment. In order to do so novel test systems are needed that can cope with species differences within ecosystems. In the field, online-biomonitoring systems using behavioural information could be used to detect neurotoxic effects and effect-directed analyses could be applied to identify the neurotoxicants causing the effect. Additionally, toxic pressure calculations in combination with mixture modelling could use environmental chemical monitoring data to predict adverse effects and prioritize pollutants for laboratory testing. Cheminformatics based on computational toxicological data from in vitro and in vivo studies could help to identify potential neurotoxicants. An array of in vitro assays covering different modes of action could be applied to screen compounds for neurotoxicity. The selection of in vitro assays could be guided by AOPs relevant for eco-neurotoxicity. In order to be able to perform risk assessment for eco-neurotoxicity, methods need to focus on the most sensitive species in an ecosystem. A test battery using species from different trophic levels might be the best approach. To implement eco-neurotoxicity assessment into European risk assessment, cheminformatics and in vitro screening tests could be used as first approach to identify eco-neurotoxic pollutants. In a second step, a small species test battery could be applied to assess the risks of ecosystems.  
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  ISSN 2190-4715 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2485  
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