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Auteur de Verdal, H.; Mekkawy, W.; Lind, C.E.; Vandeputte, M.; Chatain, B.; Benzie, J.A.H.
Titre Measuring individual feed efficiency and its correlations with performance traits in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus Type Article scientifique
Année 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquaculture
Volume 468 Numéro Pages 489-495
Mots-Clés bream sparus-aurata; compensatory growth; conversion efficiency; diet environments; Feed conversion ratio; Feed efficiency; Feed intake; fish-meal; food; genetic-improvement; growth; Nile tilapia; rainbow-trout; Repeatability; salmon salmo-salar; selection; Sex
Résumé Estimating individual feed intake of fish held in groups has long been a challenge precluding precise knowledge of the individual variation of feed efficiency (FE) in fish. In this study, counts of the number of feed pellets (1.63 mg on average) eaten by individual tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) held in 8 mixed sex groups of 15 fish were measured from video recordings made over a period of 10 days where fish were fed twice daily to achieve compensatory growth after 10 days of fasting. The initial body weight of the fish was 9.77 +/- 2.03 g. Accumulated measures of feed intake (FI) over 11 meals were found to achieve 95% repeatability and a high accuracy of estimation of FI. During the FI measurement period, the average fish growth was 12.0 +/- 3.6 g, feed intake was 0.99 g day (-1), and feed conversion ratio (FCR) was 0.86 +/- 0.20. FI differences accounted for 56% of the observed individual growth variations, and 44% was related to individual variations of FE. On average males grew 24.2% faster than females but consumed 12.1% more feed. Males showed an 11.7% better FCR than females, whereas residual feed intake (RFI) differences were not significant between sexes. FCR and RFI were moderately and significantly correlated (0.58 +/- 0.06) but FCR and FI, and body weight gain (BWG) and RFI, were not, highlighting the complex relationships between feed efficiency traits. The approach described here demonstrates a means to accurately investigate FE traits in fish and to assess the potential for their genetic improvement. Statement of relevance: Feed efficiency has strong economic and environmental impact. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0044-8486 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1713
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Auteur FERRARI, S.; MILLOT, S.; LEGUAY, D.; CHATAIN, B.; BEGOUT, M.-L.
Titre Consistency in European seabass coping styles: A life history approach Type Article scientifique
Année 2015 Publication Applied Animal Behaviour Science Revue Abrégée
Volume 167 Numéro Pages 74-88
Mots-Clés Behavioural plasticity; Repeatability; Life stages; Dicentrarchus labrax
Résumé Recent years have seen a growth of interest in the consistent differences in individual behaviour over time and contexts constituting so-called “individual coping styles”. An understanding of this inter-individual variation is essential to improve our knowledge of the adaptive value of behaviour. Coping styles may have implications in diverse fields, so the development of appropriate screening methods for each species appears to be the most effective way to extend our knowledge and to incorporate behavioural responses into selection-based breeding programmes, to improve the domestication and welfare of farmed fish. We tested 30 juvenile seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) at least twice in individual-based tests (feeding recovery in isolation, aggressiveness, exploration in a T-maze and net restraint) and group-based tests (risk-taking and hypoxia sorting), to assess coping style consistency in the short and long term and between tests. The results of individual-based tests were inconsistent over time and between tests in our set-up: the time between repeat tests, learning and species-specific behavioural responses appeared to have a major impact. By contrast, the results of group-based tests, such as risk-taking and hypoxia sorting, appeared to be consistent (both in the short and long term). These tests therefore appeared to be the most relevant for the characterisation of coping style in European seabass. Furthermore, the results of these tests were also predictive of cortisol stress response. These tests are simple to perform and can be used to screen large numbers of fish, the first step in selection programmes including behavioural profiles
Adresse IFREMER, Lab Rech Piscicole Mediterranee Chem Maguelone, Stn Expt Aquaculture, F-34250 Palavas Les Flots, France.
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Editeur Elsevier Science Bv Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0168-1591 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ 36814 collection 1235
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Auteur Marras, S.; Killen, S.S.; Claireaux, G.; Domenici, P.; McKenzie, D.J.
Titre Behavioural and kinematic components of the fast-start escape response in fish: individual variation and temporal repeatability Type Article scientifique
Année 2011 Publication Revue Abrégée J. Exp. Biol.
Volume 214 Numéro 18 Pages 3102-3110
Mots-Clés anaerobic performance; anaerobic swimming performance; body form; dicentrarchus-labrax; escape response; european sea bass; fast start; fish; gambusia-affinis; individual variation; locomotor performance; morphology; poecilia-reticulata; rainbow-trout; repeatability; sea bass; stereotype; swimming performance; teleost fish
Résumé Inter-individual variation in physiological performance traits, which is stable over time, can be of potential ecological and evolutionary significance. The fish escape response is interesting in this regard because it is a performance trait for which inter-individual variation may determine individual survival. The temporal stability of such variation is, however, largely unexplored. We quantified individual variation of various components of the escape response in a population of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax), considering both non-locomotor (responsiveness and latency) and locomotor (speed, acceleration, turning rate, turning angle and distance travelled in a fixed time, D(esc)) variables. We assessed whether variation in performance was temporally stable and we searched for any trade-offs among the components of the response that might explain why the variation persisted in the population. The coefficient of variation was high for all components, from 23% for turning rate to 41% for D(esc), highlighting the non-stereotypic nature of the response. Individual performance for all variables was significantly repeatable over five sequential responses at 30min intervals, and also repeatable after a 30 day interval for most of the components. This indicates that the variation is intrinsic to the individuals, but there was no evidence for trade-offs amongst the components of the response, suggesting that, if trade-offs exist, they must be against other ecologically important behavioural or performance traits.
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Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0022-0949 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 458
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