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Auteur Hussain, M.B.; Laabir, M.; Yahia, M.N.D.
Titre A novel index based on planktonic copepod reproductive traits as a tool for marine ecotoxicology studies Type Article scientifique
Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Sci. Total Environ.
Volume 727 Numéro Pages (down) 138621
Mots-Clés spatiotemporal distribution; Ecotoxicology; polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons; mediterranean sea; life-history; acartia-tonsa; calanoid copepods; centropages-typicus; egg-production; eurytemora-affinis; hatching success; Planktonic copepods; Reproductive traits
Résumé Copepods are excellent bioindicators of climate change and ecosystem pollution in anthropized coastal waters. This work reviewed the results of previous studies examining changes in egg production rate (EPR), hatching success (HS), and nauplius survival rate (NSR) in natural conditions and in the presence of pollutants, including heavy metals and organic contaminants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and persistent organic pollutants (POPs). At high concentrations, cadmium and silver induce an increase in EPR in the copepods Acartia tonsa and Acartia hudsonica, while exposure to mercury decreases EPR in adults by 50%. All three metals affect HS, with mercury inducing a stronger effect than cadmium and silver. Cadmium affects reproductive traits in Centropages ponticus, decreasing EPR and particularly HS. Furthermore, copper and chromium at high concentrations induce significant decreases in eggs per female in Notodiaptomus conifer. In terms of organic contaminant and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs), Eurytemora affinis is reported to be affected by naphthalene, 2-methylnaphthalene, 2,6-dimethylnaphthalene, and 2,3,5-trimethylnaphthalene and can thus be used in ecotoxicity studies, but only if the exposure time is high. Acartia tonsa shows significant reductions in EPR and HS at high concentrations of fluoranthene, phenanthrene, and pyrene. However, the response to Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) such as pentachlorophenol (PCP) and 1,2-dichlorobenzene (DCB) differs. In E. affinis, EPR increases with DCB, but HS falls to <1%. EPR increases when the species is exposed overnight, but HS remains low in the presence of DCB. Based on these results, we developed a novel copepod reproductive trait index (CRT-Index) for use in marine ecotoxicology surveys and tested in some simple cases. We show that copepods are good candidates as models for ecotoxicology studies, in particular using reproductive traits (EPR, HS and NSR) because of their sensitivity to a wide range or pollutants. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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ISSN 0048-9697 ISBN Médium
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Notes WOS:000537410700010 Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2909
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Auteur Le Bihanic, F.; Clerandeau, C.; Cormier, B.; Crebassa, J.-C.; Keiter, S.H.; Beiras, R.; Morin, B.; Begout, M.-L.; Cousin, X.; Cachot, J.
Titre Organic contaminants sorbed to microplastics affect marine medaka fish early life stages development Type Article scientifique
Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Mar. Pollut. Bull.
Volume 154 Numéro Pages (down) 111059
Mots-Clés Benzo(a)pyrene; Benzophenone-3; Developmental toxicity; embryonic exposure; endocrine disruption; ingestion; Marine medaka; Microplastics; Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid; plastic pellets; pollutants; polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons; seine estuary; toxicity; water distribution; zebrafish
Résumé The role of polyethylene microplastics 4-6 mu m size (MPs) in the toxicity of environmental compounds to fish early life stages (ELS) was investigated. Marine medaka Oryzias melastigma embryos and larvae were exposed to suspended MPs spiked with three model contaminants: benzo(a)pyrene (MP-BaP), perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (MP-PFOS) and benzophenone-3 (MP-BP3) for 12 days. There was no evidence of MPs ingestion but MPs agglomerated on the surface of the chorion. Fish ELS exposed to virgin MPs did not show toxic effects. Exposure to MP-PFOS decreased embryonic survival and prevented hatching. Larvae exposed to MP-BaP or MP-BP3 exhibited reduced growth, increased developmental anomalies and abnormal behavior. Compared to equivalent water-borne concentrations, BaP and PFOS appeared to be more embryotoxic when spiked on MPs than when alone in seawater. These results suggest a relevant pollutant transfer by direct contact of MPs to fish ELS that should be included in the ecotoxicological risk assessment of MPs.
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0025-326x ISBN Médium
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Notes WOS:000528205900032 Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2797
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Auteur Danovaro, R.; Fanelli, E.; Canals, M.; Ciuffardi, T.; Fabri, M.-C.; Taviani, M.; Argyrou, M.; Azzurro, E.; Bianchelli, S.; Cantafaro, A.; Carugati, L.; Corinaldesi, C.; de Haan, W.P.; Dell'Anno, A.; Evans, J.; Foglini, F.; Galil, B.; Gianni, M.; Goren, M.; Greco, S.; Grimalt, J.; Guell-Bujons, Q.; Jadaud, A.; Knittweis, L.; Lopez, J.L.; Sanchez-Vidal, A.; Schembri, P.J.; Snelgrove, P.; Vaz, S.
Titre Towards a marine strategy for the deep Mediterranean Sea: Analysis of current ecological status Type Article scientifique
Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Mar. Pol.
Volume 112 Numéro Pages (down) 103781
Mots-Clés atmospheric deposition; Deep-sea ecosystems; downward particle fluxes; food-web structure; Marine strategy framework directive; Mediterranean basin; mercury bioaccumulation; particulate matter; polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons; seismic surveys; stable-isotopes; submarine canyons; trophic ecology
Résumé The Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD), introduced in June 2008, was adopted to achieve a Good Environmental Status (GES) in the Ell's marine waters and to protect resources of socio-economic interest. The MSFD exerts to the marine area over which a Member State exercises jurisdictional rights in accordance with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), including the deep-sea waters, seafloor and subseafloor of the Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ). However, currently the MSFD focuses on coastal habitats and the shallow-water seafloor to the detriment of the deeper habitats. Despite the huge dimension of the deep sea (below 200 m of depth) covering more than 65% of the Earth's surface and including >95% of the global biosphere, the relevance of the dark portion of the seas and oceans is still almost completely neglected. Given the important bi-directional links between shallow and deep ecosystems, there is a clear need for extending the implementation of the MSFD into the deep sea, to define a sound ecosystem-based approach for the management and protection of deep-sea ecosystems and attain GES. We assembled data on drivers, anthropogenic pressures and impacts concerning the MSFD descriptors pertaining to the Mediterranean deep sea. We list deep-sea monitoring activities and the main sources providing benchmark conditions, and discuss knowledge and geographic coverage gaps. MSFD descriptors apply to the deep sea as to coastal waters, and ought to be monitored contemporaneously. We provide recommendations for guidelines for future deep-sea monitoring in the Mediterranean Sea.
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0308-597x ISBN Médium
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Notes WOS:000515208000012 Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2749
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Auteur Jeanbille, M.; Gury, J.; Duran, R.; Tronczynski, J.; Ghiglione, J.-F.; Agogué, H.; Ben Said, O.; Taib, N.; Debroas, D.; Garnier, C.; Auguet, J.-C.
Titre Chronic Polyaromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) Contamination Is a Marginal Driver for Community Diversity and Prokaryotic Predicted Functioning in Coastal Sediments Type Article scientifique
Année 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée Front. Microbiol.
Volume 7 Numéro Pages (down) Unsp-1303
Mots-Clés archaeal communities; bacterial communities; benthic biodiversity; chronic contamination; coastal sediment; deep-sea; degrading bacteria; functional diversity; gulf-of-mexico; harbor sediments; horizon oil-spill; microbial communities; pah; polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons
Résumé Benthic microorganisms are key players in the recycling of organic matter and recalcitrant compounds such as polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in coastal sediments. Despite their ecological importance, the response of microbial communities to chronic PAH pollution, one of the major threats to coastal ecosystems, has received very little attention. In one of the largest surveys performed so far on coastal sediments, the diversity and composition of microbial communities inhabiting both chronically contaminated and non-contaminated coastal sediments were investigated using high throughput sequencing on the 18S and 16S rRNA genes. Prokaryotic alpha-diversity showed significant association with salinity, temperature, and organic carbon content. The effect of particle size distribution was strong on eukaryotic diversity. Similarly to alpha-diversity, beta diversity patterns were strongly influenced by the environmental filter, while PAHs had no influence on the prokaryotic community structure and a weak impact on the eukaryotic community structure at the continental scale. However, at the regional scale, PAHs became the main driver shaping the structure of bacterial and eukaryotic communities. These patterns were not found for PICRUSt predicted prokaryotic functions, thus indicating some degree of functional redundancy. Eukaryotes presented a greater potential for their use as PAH contamination biomarkers, owing to their stronger response at both regional and continental scales.
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ISSN 1664-302x ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1662
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Auteur Pringault, O.; Lafabrie, C.; Avezac, M.; Bancon-Montigny, C.; Carré, C.; Chalghaf, M.; Delpoux, S.; Duvivier, A.; Elbaz-Poulichet, F.; Gonzalez, C.; Got, P.; Leboulanger, C.; Spinelli, S.; Hlaili, A.S.; Bouvy, M.
Titre Consequences of contaminant mixture on the dynamics and functional diversity of bacterioplankton in a southwestern Mediterranean coastal ecosystem Type Article scientifique
Année 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée Chemosphere
Volume 144 Numéro Pages (down) 1060-1073
Mots-Clés aquatic systems; Bacterial growth efficiency; Bacterial production; bizerte lagoon; Community level physiological profiles; growth efficiency; Herbicides; heterotrophic bacteria; Metals; microbial communities; Microcosms; organic-carbon; polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons; sediment resuspension; substrate utilization pattern; surface sediments
Résumé Contamination of coastal environments is often due to a complex mixture of pollutants, sometimes in trace levels, that may have significant effects on diversity and function of organisms. The aim of this study was to evaluate the short-term dynamics of bacterioplankton exposed to natural and artificial mixtures of contaminants. Bacterial communities from a southwestern Mediterranean ecosystem, lagoon and the bay (offshore) of Bizerte were exposed to i) elutriate from resuspension of contaminated sediment, and ii) an artificial mixture of metals and herbicides mimicking the contamination observed during sediment resuspension. Elutriate incubation as well as artificial spiking induced strong enrichments in nutrients (up to 18 times), metals (up to six times) and herbicides (up to 20 times) relative to the in situ concentrations in the offshore station, whereas the increases in contaminants were less marked in the lagoon station. In the offshore waters, the artificial mixture of pollutants provoked a strong inhibition of bacterial abundance, production and respiration and significant modifications of the potential functional diversity of bacterioplankton with a strong decrease of the carbohydrate utilization. In contrast, incubation with elutriate resulted in a stimulation of bacterial activities and abundances, suggesting that the toxic effects of pollutants were modified by the increase in nutrient and DOM concentrations due to the sediment resuspension. The effects of elutriate and the artificial mixture of pollutants on bacterial dynamics and the functional diversity were less marked in the lagoon waters, than in offshore waters, suggesting a relative tolerance of lagoon bacteria against contaminants. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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ISSN 0045-6535 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1507
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