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Auteur Villeger, S.; Brosse, S.; Mouchet, M.; Mouillot, D.; Vanni, M.J.
Titre Functional ecology of fish: current approaches and future challenges Type Article scientifique
Année 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquat. Sci.
Volume 79 Numéro 4 Pages 783-801
Mots-Clés biodiversity; centrarchid fishes; coral-reef fishes; dietary-morphological relationships; ecosystem processes; Ecosystem services; fish; food-web; fresh-water fish; functional trait; global change; labrid fishes; life-history strategies; ocean; phosphorus-limitation; population regulation; river
Résumé Fish communities face increasing anthropogenic pressures in freshwater and marine ecosystems that modify their biodiversity and threaten the services they supply to human populations. To address these issues, studies have been increasingly focusing on functions of fish that are linked to their main ecological roles in aquatic ecosystems. Fish are indeed known to control other organisms through predation, mediate nutrient fluxes, and can act as ecosystem engineers. Here for each of the key functions played by fish, we present the functional traits that have already been used to assess them. We include traits measurable from observations on living individuals, morphological features measured on preserved organisms or traits categorized using information from the literature, and we discuss their respective advantages and limitations. We then list future research directions to foster a more complete functional approach for fish ecology that needs to incorporate functional traits describing, food provisioning and cultural services while accounting more frequently for intraspecific variability. Finally, we highlight ecological and evolutionary questions that could be addressed using meta-analyses of large trait databases, and how a trait-based framework could provide valuable insights on the mechanistic links between global changes, functional diversity of fish assemblages, and ecosystem services.
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Auteur Zilius, M.; Bartoli, M.; Bresciani, M.; Katarzyte, M.; Ruginis, T.; Petkuviene, J.; Lubiene, I.; Giardino, C.; Bukaveckas, P.A.; De Wit, R.; Razinkovas-Baziukas, A.
Titre Feedback Mechanisms Between Cyanobacterial Blooms, Transient Hypoxia, and Benthic Phosphorus Regeneration in Shallow Coastal Environments Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Estuaries and Coasts
Volume 37 Numéro 3 Pages 680-694
Mots-Clés baltic sea; chesapeake bay; curonian lagoon; Cyanobacterial blooms; ecosystem metabolism; Estuary; gulf; Hypoxia; Net; nutrient limitation; Oxygen; Phosphorus release; respiration; satellite data; temporal variability
Résumé We investigated the dissolved oxygen metabolism of the Curonian Lagoon (Baltic Sea) to assess the relative contributions of pelagic and benthic processes to the development of transient hypoxic conditions in shallow water habitats. Metabolism measurements along with the remote sensing-derived estimates of spatial variability in chlorophyll a were used to evaluate the risk of hypoxia at the whole lagoon level. Our data demonstrate that cyanobacterial blooms strongly inhibit light penetration, resulting in net heterotrophic conditions in which pelagic oxygen demand exceeds benthic oxygen demand by an order of magnitude. The combination of bloom conditions and reduced vertical mixing during calm periods resulted in oxygen depletion of bottom waters and greater sediment nutrient release. The peak of reactive P regeneration (nearly 30 mu mol m(-2) h(-1)) coincided with oxygen depletion in the water column, and resulted in a marked drop of the inorganic N:P ratio (from > 40 to < 5, as molar). Our results suggest a strong link between cyanobacterial blooms, pelagic respiration, hypoxia, and P regeneration, which acts as a feedback in sustaining algal blooms through internal nutrient cycling. Meteorological data and satellite-derived maps of chlorophyll a were used to show that nearly 70 % of the lagoon surface (approximately 1,000 km(2)) is prone to transient hypoxia development when blooms coincide with low wind speed conditions.
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Notes <p>ISI Document Delivery No.: AF0SM<br/>Times Cited: 1<br/>Cited Reference Count: 66<br/>Zilius, Mindaugas Bartoli, Marco Bresciani, Mariano Katarzyte, Marija Ruginis, Tomas Petkuviene, Jolita Lubiene, Irma Giardino, Claudia Bukaveckas, Paul A. de Wit, Rutger Razinkovas-Baziukas, Arturas<br/>European Union Structural Funds project “Postdoctoral Fellowship Implementation in Lithuania”; Fulbright Fellowship; ESA project [AO-553]; CYAN-IS-WAS (Ministero dell'Istruzione dell'Universita e della Ricerca, Science and technological of Sweden); CLAM-PHYM (Italian Space Agency) [ASI I/015/11/0]<br/>Mindaugas Zilius was supported by a postdoctoral fellowship funded by the European Union Structural Funds project “Postdoctoral Fellowship Implementation in Lithuania.” Paul Bukaveckas was supported by a Fulbright Fellowship during his residence at Klaipeda University. MERIS data were made available through the ESA project AO-553 (MELINOS). This study was co-funded by CYAN-IS-WAS (Ministero dell'Istruzione dell'Universita e della Ricerca, Science and technological cooperation between Italy and the Kingdom of Sweden) and CLAM-PHYM (Italian Space Agency, contract ASI I/015/11/0) projects. We gratefully thank the Lithuanian Hydrometeorological Service of the Ministry of Environment for providing meteorological data. We also gratefully thank three anonymous reviewers for valuable comments which improved the quality of the manuscript.<br/>Springer<br/>New york</p> Approuvé pas de
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