|   | 
Détails
   web
Enregistrements
Auteur Eckbo, N.; Le Bohec, C.; Planas-Bielsa, V.; Warner, N.A.; Schull, Q.; Herzke, D.; Zahn, S.; Haarr, A.; Gabrielsen, G.W.; Borga, K.
Titre Individual variability in contaminants and physiological status in a resident Arctic seabird species Type Article scientifique
Année (down) 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Environ. Pollut.
Volume 249 Numéro Pages 191-199
Mots-Clés Black guillemot; black guillemots; eggs; mercury; organochlorines; Oxidative stress; persistent organic pollutants; Polar regions; Pollutants; Seabirds; stable-isotopes; stress; telomere length; Telomeres; temporal trends; trophic relationships
Résumé While migratory seabirds dominate ecotoxicological studies within the Arctic, there is limited knowledge about exposure and potential effects from circulating legacy and emerging contaminants in species who reside in the high-Arctic all year round. Here, we focus on the case of the Mandt's Black guillemot (Cepphus grylle mandril) breeding at Kongsfjorden, Svalbard (79.00 degrees N, 11.66 degrees E) and investigate exposure to legacy and emerging contaminants in relation to individual physiological status, i.e. body condition, oxidative stress and relative telomere length. Despite its benthic-inshore foraging strategy, the Black guillemot displayed overall similar contaminant concentrations in blood during incubation (Sigma PCB11(15.7 ng/g w.w.) > Sigma PFAS(5) (9.9 ng/g w.w.)> Sigma Pesticides(9) (6.7 ng/g w.w.) > Sigma PBDE4 (2.7 ng/g w.w.), and Hg (0.3 mu g/g d.w.) compared to an Arctic migratory seabird in which several contaminant-related stress responses have been observed. Black guillemots in poorer condition tended to display higher levels of contaminants, higher levels of reactive oxygen metabolites, lower plasmatic antioxidant capacity, and shorter telomere lengths; however the low sample size restrict any strong conclusions. Nevertheless, our data suggests that nonlinear relationships with a threshold may exist between accumulated contaminant concentrations and physiological status of the birds. These findings were used to build a hypothesis to be applied in future modelling for describing how chronic exposure to contaminants may be linked to telomere dynamics. (C) 2019 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Adresse
Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0269-7491 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes WOS:000471081300021 Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2607
Lien permanent pour cet enregistrement
 

 
Auteur Queiros, Q.; Fromentin, J.-M.; Gasset, E.; Dutto, G.; Huiban, C.; Metral, L.; Leclerc, L.; Schull, Q.; McKenzie, D.J.; Saraux, C.
Titre Food in the sea: size also matters for pelagic fish Type Article scientifique
Année (down) 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Front. Mar. Sci.
Volume 6 Numéro Pages Unsp-385
Mots-Clés anchovy; body condition; bottom-up; bottom-up control; experimentation; feeding-behavior; gulf; lions; mediterranean sea; oxidative stress; respiration rate; Sardina pilchardus; sardine sardina-pilchardus; small pelagics; swimming speed
Résumé Small pelagic fish are key components of marine ecosystems and fisheries worldwide. Despite the absence of recruitment failure and overfishing, pelagic fisheries have been in crisis for a decade in the Western Mediterranean Sea because of a marked decline in sardine size and condition. This situation most probably results from bottom-up control and changes in the plankton community toward smaller plankton. To understand such an unusual phenomenon, we developed an original and innovative experimental approach investigating the mechanisms induced by a reduction in the quantity and size of sardine prey. While experimentations offer the unique opportunity to integrate behavior and ecophysiology in understanding key demographic processes, they remain rarely used in fisheries science, even more so on small pelagics due to the notorious difficulty to handle them. The results revealed that food size (without any modification of its energy content) is as important as food quantity for body condition, growth and reserve lipids: sardines that fed on small particles had to consume twice as much as those feeding on large particles to achieve the same condition and growth. Such a strong impact of food size (based on 100 vs. 1200 mu m pellets) was unexpected and may reflect a different energy cost or gain of two feeding behaviors, filter-feeding vs. particulate-feeding, which would have to be tested in further study. As increasing temperature favors planktonic chains of smaller size, climate change might actually accelerate and amplify such phenomenon and thus strongly affect fisheries.
Adresse
Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes WOS:000474405500001 Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2609
Lien permanent pour cet enregistrement
 

 
Auteur Theuerkauff, D.; Rivera-Ingraham, G.A.; Roques, J.A.C.; Azzopardi, L.; Bertini, M.; Lejeune, M.; Farcy, E.; Lignot, J.-H.; Sucre, E.
Titre Salinity Variation in a Mangrove Ecosystem: A Physiological Investigation to Assess Potential Consequences of Salinity Disturbances on Mangrove Crabs Type Article scientifique
Année (down) 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée Zool. Stud.
Volume 57 Numéro Pages 36
Mots-Clés Bioenergetics; blue-crab; callinectes-sapidus; carcinus-maenas; Decapods; dilocarcinus-pagei brachyura; eriocheir-sinensis; fiddler-crabs; fresh-water; grapsid crabs; Mangrove; Osmoregulation; oxidative stress; Salinity-induced oxidative stress; waste-water treatment
Résumé Dimitri Theuerkauff, Georgina A. Rivera-Ingraham, Jonathan A.C. Roques, Laurence Azzopardi, Marine Bertini, Mathilde Lejeune, Emilie Farcy, Jehan-Herve Lignot, and Elliott Sucre (2018) Salinity is one of the main environmental factors determining coastal species distribution. However, in the specific case of mangrove crabs, salinity selection cannot be understood through ecological approaches alone. Yet understanding this issue is crucial in the context of mangrove conservation, since this ecosystem is often used as biofilter of (low-salinity) wastewater. Crabs are keystone species in this mangrove ecosystem and are differentially affected by salinity. We hypothesize that crab salinity selection may be partly explained by specific salinity-induced physiological constraints associated with osmoregulation, energy and redox homeostasis. To test this, the response to salinity variation was analysed in two landward mangrove crabs: the fiddler crab Tubuca urvillei, which inhabits low-salinity areas of the mangrove, and the red mangrove crab Neosarmatium meinerti, which lives in areas with higher salinity. Results confirm that both species are strong hypo-/hyper-osmoregulators that deal easily with large salinity variations. Such shifts in salinity do not induce changes in energy expenditure (measured as oxygen consumption) or in the production of reactive oxygen species. However, T. urvillei is physiologically suited to habitats with brackish water, since it presents i) high hemolymph osmolalities over a wider range of salinities and lower osmoregulatory capacity in seawater, ii) high Na+/K+-ATPase (NKA) activity in the posterior osmoregulatory gills and iii) a thicker osmoregulatory epithelium along the posterior gill lamellae. Therefore, while environmental salinity alone cannot directly explain fiddler and red mangrove crab distributions, our data suggest that salinity selection is indeed influenced by specific physiological adjustments.
Adresse
Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1021-5506 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2424
Lien permanent pour cet enregistrement
 

 
Auteur Jean, N.; Dumont, E.; Herzi, F.; Balliau, T.; Laabir, M.; Masseret, E.; Mounier, S.
Titre Modifications of the soluble proteome of a mediterranean strain of the invasive neurotoxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella under metal stress conditions Type Article scientifique
Année (down) 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquat. Toxicol.
Volume 188 Numéro Pages 80-91
Mots-Clés Alexandrium catenella; cadmium response; contamination; excess copper; expression; genus alexandrium; harmful algal bloom; messenger-rna; Oxidative stress; plants; proteomics; saccostrea-glomerata; sea; stress proteins; trace metals
Résumé The soluble proteome of the mediterranean strain ACT03 of the invasive neurotoxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella exposed to lead or zinc at 6, 12 or 18 mu M (total concentrations), or under control conditions, was characterized by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE). Zinc reduced (P < 0.05) the total number of protein spots (-41%, -52% and -60%, at 6, 12 or 18 M, respectively). Besides, most of the proteins constituting the soluble proteome were down-regulated in response to lead or zinc stresses. These proteins were involved mainly in photosynthesis (20-37% for lead; 36-50% for zinc) (ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase: RUBISCO; ferredoxin-NADP(+) reductase: FNR; peridinin-chlorophyll a-protein: PCP), and in the oxidative stress response (29-34% for lead; 17-36% for zinc) (superoxide dismutase: SOD; proteasome alpha/beta subunits). These negative effects could be partly compensated by the up-regulation of specific proteins such as ATP-synthase beta subunit (+16.3 fold after exposure to lead at 12 M). Indeed, an increase in the abundance of ATP-synthase could enrich the ATP pool and provide more energy available for the cells to survive under metal stress, and make the ATP-synthase transport of metal cations out of the cells more efficient. Finally, this study shows that exposure to lead or zinc have a harmful effect on the soluble proteome of A. catenella ACT03, but also suggests the existence of an adaptative proteomic response to metal stresses, which could contribute to maintaining the development of this dinoflagellate in trace metal-contaminated ecosystems.
Adresse
Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0166-445x ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2173
Lien permanent pour cet enregistrement
 

 
Auteur Viblanc, V.A.; Dobson, F.S.; Stier, A.; Schull, Q.; Saraux, C.; Gineste, B.; Pardonnet, S.; Kauffmann, M.; Robin, J.-P.; Bize, P.
Titre Mutually honest? Physiological ‘qualities’ signalled by colour ornaments in monomorphic king penguins Type Article scientifique
Année (down) 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée Biol. J. Linn. Soc.
Volume 118 Numéro 2 Pages 200-214
Mots-Clés Body condition; king penguin; monomorphic seabird; mutual mate choice; ornament; oxidative stress; sexual selection; ultra-violet signals
Résumé Mate choice is expected to be important for the fitness of both sexes for species in which successful reproduction relies strongly on shared and substantial parental investment by males and females. Reciprocal selection may then favour the evolution of morphological signals providing mutual information on the condition/quality of tentative partners. However, because males and females often have differing physiological constraints, it is unclear which proximate physiological pathways guarantee the honesty of male and female signals in similarly ornamented species. We used the monomorphic king penguin (Aptenodytes patagonicus) as a model to investigate the physiological qualities signalled by colour and morphological ornaments known to be under sexual selection (coloration of the beak spots and size of auricular feather patches). In both sexes of this slow-breeding seabird, we investigated the links between ornaments and multiple indices of individual quality; including body condition, immunity, stress and energy status. In both sexes, individual innate immunity, resting metabolic rate, and the ability to mount a stress response in answer to an acute disturbance (capture) were similarly signalled by various aspects of beak coloration or auricular patch size. However, we also reveal interesting and contrasting relationships between males and females in how ornaments may signal individual quality. Body condition and oxidative stress status were signalled by beak coloration, although in opposite directions for the sexes. Over an exhaustive set of physiological variables, several suggestive patterns indicated the conveyance of honest information about mate quality in this monomorphic species. However, sex-specific patterns suggested that monomorphic ornaments may signal different information concerning body mass and oxidative balance of males and females, at least in king penguins.
Adresse
Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue en Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1095-8312 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1567
Lien permanent pour cet enregistrement