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Auteur (up) Beiras, R.; Bellas, J.; Cachot, J.; Cormier, B.; Cousin, X.; Engwall, M.; Gambardella, C.; Garaventa, F.; Keiter, S.; Le Bihanic, F.; Lopez-Ibanez, S.; Piazza, V.; Rial, D.; Tato, T.; Vidal-Linan, L. doi  openurl
  Titre Ingestion and contact with polyethylene microplastics does not cause acute toxicity on marine zooplankton Type Article scientifique
  Année 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée J. Hazard. Mater.  
  Volume 360 Numéro Pages 452-460  
  Mots-Clés Benzophenone-3; coastal waters; ecotoxicological evaluation; Embryo-larval bioassays; environmental risk-assessment; isochrysis-galbana; larval development; Marine litter; Marine zooplankton; mytilus-galloprovincialis; organic pollutants; paracentrotus-lividus; plastic debris; Polyethylene; uv-filters  
  Résumé Toxicity of polyethylene microplastics (PE-MP) of size ranges similar to their natural food to zooplanktonic organisms representative of the main taxa present in marine plankton, including rotifers, copepods, bivalves, echinoderms and fish, was evaluated. Early life stages (ELS) were prioritized as testing models in order to maximize sensitivity. Treatments included particles spiked with benzophenone-3 (BP-3), a hydrophobic organic chemical used in cosmetics with direct input in coastal areas. Despite documented ingestion of both virgin and BP-3 spiked microplastics no acute toxicity was found at loads orders of magnitude above environmentally relevant concentrations on any of the invertebrate models. In fish tests some effects, including premature or reduced hatching, were observed after 12 d exposure at 10 mg L-1 of BP-3 spiked PE-MP. The results obtained do not support environmentally relevant risk of microplastics on marine zooplankton. Similar approaches testing more hydrophobic chemicals with higher acute toxicity are needed before these conclusions could be extended to other organic pollutants common in marine ecosystems. Therefore, the replacement of these polymers in consumer products must be carefully considered.  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0304-3894 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2432  
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Auteur (up) Ben Othman, H.; Leboulanger, C.; Le Floc'h, E.; Mabrouk, H.H.; Hlaili, A.S. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Toxicity of benz(a)anthracene and fluoranthene to marine phytoplankton in culture: Does cell size really matter? Type Article scientifique
  Année 2012 Publication Revue Abrégée J. Hazard. Mater.  
  Volume 243 Numéro Pages 204-211  
  Mots-Clés Benz(a)anthracene; Ecotoxicity; Fluoranthene; Size-sensitivity relationship; aquatic organisms; biodegradation; chlorophyll; fluorescence; food-web; fresh-water phytoplankton; in-vitro; organic pollutants; pahs; phytoplankton; polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons; surface sediments  
  Résumé The toxicity of benz(a)anthracene and fluoranthene (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, PAHs) was evaluated on seven species of marine algae in culture belonging to pico-, nano-, and microphytoplankton, exposed to increasing concentrations of up to 2 mg L-1. The short-term (24 h) toxicity was assessed using chlorophyll a fluorescence transients, linked to photosynthetic parameters. The maximum quantum yield Fv/Fm was lower at the highest concentrations tested and the toxicity thresholds were species-dependent. For acute effects, fluoranthene was more toxic than benz(a)anthracene, with LOECs of 50.6 and 186 mu g L-1, respectively. After 72 h exposure, there was a dose-dependent decrease in cell density, fluoranthene being more toxic than benz(a)anthracene. The population endpoint at 72 h was affected to a greater extent than the photosynthetic endpoint at 24 h. EC50 was evaluated using the Hill model, and species sensitivity was negatively correlated to cell biovolume. The largest species tested, the dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella, was almost insensitive to either PAH. The population endpoint EC50s for fluoranthene varied from 54 mu g L-1 for the picophytoplankton Picochlorum sp. to 418 mu g L-1 for the larger diatom Chaetoceros muelleri. The size/sensitivity relationship is proposed as a useful model when there is a lack of ecotoxicological data on hazardous chemicals, especially in marine microorganisms. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0304-3894 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 915  
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Auteur (up) Bodin, N.; Lucas, V.; Dewals, P.; Adeline, M.; Esparon, J.; Chassot, E. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Effect of brine immersion freezing on the determination of ecological tracers in fish Type Article scientifique
  Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée European Food Research and Technology  
  Volume 238 Numéro 6 Pages 1057-1062  
  Mots-Clés Brine immersion; Fatty acids; Frozen storage; Large pelagic fish; Persistent organic pollutants; Stable isotopes  
  Résumé The use of a multi-ecological tracer approach provides valuable and complementary insights to investigate the complex biology and ecology of large pelagic fish. Brine immersion freezing is the most common preservation technique used onboard for large fish to be frozen whole until they are delivered for sale and processing. We evaluated the effect of brine freezing on lipid and fatty acid composition, C and N stable isotope ratios, and organochlorine contaminant levels of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) and skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis). Fresh tunas were stored in a saturated sodium chlorine brine immersion tank maintained at -20 A degrees C for 6 weeks, and ecological tracers were analysed on dorsal muscle samples collected before and after brine freezing. No significant effect of the fish preservation technique was found except for delta N-15 whose signatures slightly increased after a 6-week period of brine immersion. Because N isotopic shift was close to the analytical precision and probably related to a higher risk of salt penetration in small tunas with abraded skin, we consider our results as conservative and conclude that ecological tracers can indeed be analysed on brine-freezing-preserved tunas.  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 1438-2377 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 353  
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Auteur (up) Bodin, N.; Tapie, N.; Le Menach, K.; Chassot, E.; Elie, P.; Rochard, E.; Budzinski, H. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre PCB contamination in fish community from the Gironde Estuary (France) : blast from the past Type Article scientifique
  Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Chemosphere  
  Volume 98 Numéro Pages 66-72  
  Mots-Clés Bioindicators; Biomagnification; Fish assemblage; Food safety; Persistent organic pollutants (POPs)  
  Résumé The contamination of the Gironde Estuary, southwest of France, by polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) was assessed using six fish of high ecological and economic importance as bioindicator species. The concentrations of 21 PCB congeners and total fat contents were determined in the muscle and liver of eels (Anguilla anguilla), seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax), flounders (Platichthys flesus), meagres (Argyrosomus regius), mullets (Liza ramada), and soles (Solea vulgaris). In addition, information regarding the trophic ecology of the studied fish was obtained through the analysis of carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes (i.e., delta C-13 and delta N-15) in muscle. Results revealed high PCB concentrations in fish compared to monitored European estuaries. The muscle of eels was by far the most contaminated fish flesh (Sigma(7)PCBs = 1000 +/- 440 ng g(-1), on a dry weight basis), while the higher PCB concentrations in liver were measured in flounder (Sigma(7)PCBs = 2040 +/- 1160 ng g(-1), d.w.). A quantile regression approach allowed to investigate the fate of PCBs in the Gironde estuarine fish assemblage, and revealed a general process of trophic magnification. Finally, most of the analysed fish presented PCB concentrations in muscle meat above the current European maximum limits for sea products, while the derived “Toxic Equivalent Quantity” (TEQ) revealed human health concerns only for high-fat fish consumption.  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0045-6535 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 326  
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Auteur (up) M'Rabet, C.; Yahia, O.K.-D.; Couet, D.; Gueroun, S.K.M.; Pringault, O. doi  openurl
  Titre Consequences of a contaminant mixture of bisphenol A (BPA) and di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), two plastic-derived chemicals, on the diversity of coastal phytoplankton Type Article scientifique
  Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Mar. Pollut. Bull.  
  Volume 138 Numéro Pages 385-396  
  Mots-Clés Phytoplankton; water; bizerte lagoon; marine-phytoplankton; organic pollutants; surface sediments; Bisphenol a; cell-size; Coastal ecosystems; degradation; di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate; di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate; endocrine-disrupting chemicals; esters; Spring; Summer  
  Résumé To assess the impact of two plastic derived chemicals: bisphenol A (BPA) and the di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), on phytoplankton biomass and community structure, microcosm incubations were performed during spring and summer, with offshore and lagoon waters of a south-western Mediterranean ecosystem. Phytoplankton were exposed to an artificial mixture of BPA and DEHP and to marine water previously enriched with plastic-derivative compounds, originated from in situ water incubations of plastic debris for 30 days. After 96 h of incubation, changes were observed in phytoplankton biomass in the contaminated microcosms, with a net decrease (up to 50% of the control) in the concentration of Chlorophyll a in offshore waters. Concomitantly, plastic-derivative contamination provoked structural changes, especially for offshore waters. This suggests a relative tolerance of the lagoon communities to BPA and DEHP contamination, related to the dominance of Chaetoceros spp., which could potentially be used as a bioindicator in bioassessment studies.  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0025-326x ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2524  
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