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Auteur Ben Othman, H.; Pringault, O.; Louati, H.; Hlaili, A.S.; Leboulanger, C.
Titre Impact of contaminated sediment elutriate on coastal phytoplankton community (Thau lagoon, Mediterranean Sea, France) Type Article scientifique
Année 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol.
Volume 486 Numéro Pages 1-12
Mots-Clés Contaminants; domoic acid production; estuarine sediments; fresh-water; marine; Mediterranean lagoon; Metals; microbial carbon; nutrient enrichment; nutrients; Phytoplankton community; polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons; pseudo-nitzschia; sediment resuspension; temporal distribution
Résumé Effects of sediment-released contaminants and nitrogen were assessed on phytoplankton communities sampled from Thau lagoon (France, Mediterranean Sea) and one close offshore marine station. Phytoplankton was exposed to sediment elutriate (seawater containing a mix of metals, organic chemicals, and nutrients) or to ammonium enrichment for four days using immersed microcosms exposed to natural conditions of light and temperature. Functional (production – respiration balance) and structural (taxonomy and cell densities) responses of the phytoplankton community were assessed. In the lagoon, both treatments stimulated phytoplankton growth, compare to controls. Conversely in the offshore station, the phytoplankton growth was stimulated only with the sediment elutriate addition. In offshore and lagoon stations, both treatments caused a shift in the taxonomic composition of the phytoplankton. Proliferation of potentially toxic diatoms and dinoflagellates resulted from the addition of elutriate. Correspondence analysis determined that phytoplankton from the offshore station was more sensitive to both treatments compared to the lagoon community. According to daily production and respiration balance, lagoon community metabolism remained heterotrophic (P < R) for all treatments, whereas only transient shifts to net autotrophy (P> R) were observed in the offshore community. Direct toxicity of contaminants released from sediment, if any, was therefore masked by nutrient enrichment effects, whereas indirect evidence of contaminant pressure was highlighted by changes in community composition and metabolism. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0022-0981 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1715
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Auteur De Wit, R.; Rey-Valette, H.; Balavoine, J.; Ouisse, V.; Lifran, R.
Titre Restoration ecology of coastal lagoons: new methods for the prediction of ecological trajectories and economic valuation Type Article scientifique
Année 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquatic Conserv: Mar. Freshw. Ecosyst.
Volume 27 Numéro 1 Pages 137-157
Mots-Clés coastal lagoon; ecosystem services; ecosystem trajectory' nutrient enrichment; marine and brackish Magnoliophyta; oligotrophication; Phytoplankton; seagrass meadow; sediment N and P contents; Water Framework Directive; willingness to pay (WTP)
Résumé * Conservation of the seven lagoons of the Palavas complex (southern France) has been severely impaired by nutrient over-enrichment during at least four decades. The effluents of the Montpellier wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) represented the main nutrient input. To improve the water quality of these lagoons, this WWTP was renovated and upgraded and, since the end of 2005, its effluents have been discharged 11 km offshore into the Mediterranean (total investment €150 M). * Possibilities of ecosystem restoration as part of a conservation programme were explored by a focus group of experts. Their tasks were: (i) to evaluate the impact of the reduction of the nutrient input; (ii) if necessary, to design additional measures for an active restoration programme; and (iii) to predict ecosystem trajectories for the different cases. Extension of Magnoliophyta meadows can be taken as a proxy for ecosystem restoration as they favour the increase of several fish (seahorse) and bird (ducks, swans, herons) species, albeit they represent a trade-off for greater flamingos. Additional measures for active ecosystem restoration were only recommended for the most impaired lagoon Méjean, while the least impaired lagoon Ingril is already on a trajectory of spontaneous recovery. * A multiple contingent valuation considering four different management options for the Méjean lagoon was used in a pilot study based on face-to-face interviews with 159 respondents. Three levels of ecosystem restoration were expressed in terms of recovery of Magnoliophyta meadows, including their impact on emblematic fish and avifauna. These were combined with different options for access (status quo, increasing access, increasing access with measures to reduce disturbance). The results show a willingness of local populations to pay per year about €25 for the highest level of ecological restoration, while they were only willing to allocate about €5 for additional footpaths and hides.

Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue en Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1099-0755 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2100
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Auteur Goni-Urriza, M.; Moussard, H.; Lafabrie, H.; Carré, C.; Bouvy, M.; Sakka Hlaili, A.; Pringault, O.
Titre Consequences of contamination on the interactions between phytoplankton and bacterioplankton Type Article scientifique
Année 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée Chemosphere
Volume 195 Numéro Pages 212-222
Mots-Clés bizerte lagoon; bacterial communities; polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons; surface sediments; functional diversity; ecosystem; sediment resuspension; coastal lagoon; nutrient enrichment; tropical lagoon
Résumé Sediment resuspension can provoke strong water enrichment in nutrients, contaminants, and microorganisms. Microcosm incubations were performed in triplicate for 96 h, with lagoon and offshore waters incubated either with sediment elutriate or with an artificial mixture of contaminants issued from sediment resuspension. Sediment elutriate provoked a strong increase in microbial biomass, with little effects on the phytoplankton and bacterioplankton community structures. Among the pool of contaminants released, few were clearly identified as structuring factors of phytoplanktdn and bacterioplankton communities, namely simazine, Cu, Sn, Ni, and Cr. Effects were more pronounced in the offshore waters, suggesting a relative tolerance of the lagoon microbial communities to contamination. The impacts of contamination on the microbial community structure were direct or indirect, depending on the nature and the strength of the interactions between phytoplankton and bacterioplankton. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0045-6535 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2265
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Auteur Zubia, M.; Depetris, M.; Flores, O.; Turquet, J.; Cuet, P.
Titre Macroalgae as a tool for assessing the ecological status of coral reefs under the Water Framework Directive: A case study on the reef flats of La Reunion (Indian Ocean) Type Article scientifique
Année 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée Mar. Pollut. Bull.
Volume 137 Numéro Pages 339-351
Mots-Clés Bioindicator; climate-change; Coral reef; Cyanobacteria; dictyosphaeria-cavernosa; functional-form groups; great-barrier-reef; kaneohe bay; Macroalgae; marine macroalgae; Nutrient; nutrient enrichment; phase-shifts; sewage pollution; submarine groundwater discharge
Résumé The monitoring of macroalgae is required by the Water Framework Directive (WFD) to achieve good ecological status for coastal waters and specific questions arise for tropical ecosystems belonging to the outermost European regions. To assess the suitability of macroalgae as a biological quality indicator for La Reunion reef flats (France), we performed multivariate analyses linking the abundance and composition of macroalgae to water physicochemistry. Three hydrological groups of stations were identified according to dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) concentrations and DIN/PO4 ratios. Some indicator species were found at the N-enriched stations (Bryopsis pennata, Caulerpa lamourowcii, Chaetomoropha vieillardii, Derbesia sp1, Blennothrix lyngbyacea, Sphacelaria tribubides), and others at the non-impacted stations (Anabaena sp1, Blennothrix glutinosa, Codium arabicum, Neomeris vanbosseae). Another key result was the significant increase in red algal cover at the most N-enriched station. Our findings are discussed in the context of the application of the WFD in the outermost French regions.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0025-326x ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2471
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