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Auteur Bonnin, L.; Robbins, W.D.; Boussarie, G.; Kiszka, J.J.; Dagorn, L.; Mouillot, D.; Vigliola, L. doi  openurl
  Titre Repeated long-range migrations of adult males in a common Indo-Pacific reef shark Type Article scientifique
  Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Coral Reefs  
  Volume Numéro Pages  
  Mots-Clés carcharhinus-amblyrhynchos; carcharias; fidelity; Male-biased dispersal; Migration; movements; New Caledonia; patterns; philopatry; population; Reef shark; residency; site; Telemetry; white sharks  
  Résumé The grey reef shark, Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos, is one of the most abundant coral reef sharks throughout the Indo-Pacific. However, this species has been critically impacted across its range, with well-documented population declines of > 90% attributed to human activities. A key knowledge gap in the successful implementation of grey reef shark conservation plans is the understanding of large-scale movement patterns, along with the associated biological and ecological drivers. To address this shortfall, we acoustically monitored 147 adult and juvenile grey reef sharks of all sexes for more than 2 yr across the New Caledonian archipelago, West Pacific. Here, we document multiple adult males undertaking return journeys of up to nearly 700 km in consecutive years. This constitutes the first evidence of repeated long-range migrations for this species. Although only a limited number of adult males were definitively tracked undertaking migrations, similar timing in changes in the detection patterns of a further 13 animals, mostly adult males, suggests this behavior may be more common than previously thought. The paucity of evidence for juvenile migrations and timing of adult movements suggest that mating is the motivation behind these migrations. Our results have important implications for management, given the potential of mature individuals to recurrently travel outside managed or protected areas. Future management of this species clearly needs to consider the importance of large-scale migratory behaviors when developing management plans.  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0722-4028 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes WOS:000496832900001 Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection (down) 2670  
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Auteur Carpentier, A.S.; Berthe, C.; Ender, I.; Jaine, F.R.A.; Mourier, J.; Stevens, G.; De Rosemont, M.; Clua, E. doi  openurl
  Titre Preliminary insights into the population characteristics and distribution of reef (Mobula alfredi) and oceanic (M. birostris) manta rays in French Polynesia Type Article scientifique
  Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Coral Reefs  
  Volume 38 Numéro 6 Pages 1197-1210  
  Mots-Clés aggregation; australia; bottle-nosed dolphins; california; Citizen science; conservation; Ecotourism management; habitat use; identification; marine park; movements; sharks; Site fidelity; Spatial connectivity; Sympatry  
  Résumé In French Polynesia, both currently recognized manta ray species, Mobula alfredi and M. birostris, are observed. Despite being an important cultural asset and generating significant economic benefits through manta ray watching tourism, published data on the ecology and threats to these species in the region are scarce. Based on an 18-year dataset of sighting records collected by citizen scientists and during two scientific expeditions, this study provides the first insights into the population characteristics and regional distribution of the two manta ray species in French Polynesia. A total of 1347 manta ray photographs (1337 for M. alfredi and 10 for M. birostris) were examined for the period January 2001-December 2017, with photo-identification techniques leading to the successful identification of 317 individual M. alfredi and 10 individual M. birostris throughout the Society, Tuamotu and Marquesas Islands. We provide the first confirmation of sympatric distribution of both species in the Society Islands. Our results highlight strong and long-term site fidelity of M. alfredi individuals to certain aggregation sites (> 9 years for 16 individuals) and reveal some degree of connectivity between populations, with 10 individuals recorded moving between islands located up to 50 km apart. Analysis of photographs of individuals bearing sub-lethal injuries (n = 68) suggests that M. alfredi are more likely to be injured at inhabited islands (Maupiti or Bora Bora; 75% of all injured individuals) than at uninhabited islands, with 75% of injuries related to boat propeller strikes and fishing gear entanglements. Our findings emphasize the need for further research to allow for a comprehensive evaluation of population structure, size and threats to manta rays in this region.  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0722-4028 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes WOS:000496024100010 Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection (down) 2658  
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Auteur Kadar, J.; Ladds, M.; Mourier, J.; Day, J.; Brown, C. doi  openurl
  Titre Acoustic accelerometry reveals diel activity patterns in premigratory Port Jackson sharks Type Article scientifique
  Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Ecol. Evol.  
  Volume Numéro Pages  
  Mots-Clés accelerometer; activity budgets; activity pattern; behavior; diel cycle; habitat; heterodontus-portusjacksoni; lobsters; migratory restlessness; movement; Port Jackson shark; reef sharks; regression; root mean square acceleration; vertical migrations; wild  
  Résumé Distinguishing the factors that influence activity within a species advances understanding of their behavior and ecology. Continuous observation in the marine environment is not feasible but biotelemetry devices provide an opportunity for detailed analysis of movements and activity patterns. This study investigated the detail that calibration of accelerometers measuring root mean square (RMS) acceleration with video footage can add to understanding the activity patterns of male and female Port Jackson sharks (Heterodontus portusjacksoni) in a captive environment. Linear regression was used to relate RMS acceleration output to time-matched behavior captured on video to quantify diel activity patterns. To validate captive data, diel patterns from captive sharks were compared with diel movement data from free-ranging sharks using passive acoustic tracking. The RMS acceleration data showed captive sharks exhibited nocturnal diel patterns peaking during the late evening before midnight and decreasing before sunrise. Correlation analysis revealed that captive animals displayed similar activity patterns to free-ranging sharks. The timing of wild shark departures for migration in the late breeding season corresponded with elevated diel activity at night within the captive individuals, suggesting a form of migratory restlessness in captivity. By directly relating RMS acceleration output to activity level, we show that sex, time of day, and sex-specific seasonal behavior all influenced activity levels. This study contributes to a growing body of evidence that RMS acceleration data are a promising method to determine activity patterns of cryptic marine animals and can provide more detailed information when validated in captivity.  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 2045-7758 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes WOS:000478172800001 Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection (down) 2623  
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Auteur Dalleau, M.; Kramer-Schadt, S.; Gangat, Y.; Bourjea, J.; Lajoie, G.; Grimm, V. doi  openurl
  Titre Modeling the emergence of migratory corridors and foraging hot spots of the green sea turtle Type Article scientifique
  Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Ecol. Evol.  
  Volume Numéro Pages  
  Mots-Clés aldabra atoll; chelonia-mydas; connectivity; corridors; individual-based model; leatherback turtles; marine turtles; migration; movement; penghu archipelago; population-dynamics; remigration intervals; satellite-tracking; sea turtle; wan-an island  
  Résumé Environmental factors shape the spatial distribution and dynamics of populations. Understanding how these factors interact with movement behavior is critical for efficient conservation, in particular for migratory species. Adult female green sea turtles, Chelonia mydas, migrate between foraging and nesting sites that are generally separated by thousands of kilometers. As an emblematic endangered species, green turtles have been intensively studied, with a focus on nesting, migration, and foraging. Nevertheless, few attempts integrated these behaviors and their trade-offs by considering the spatial configurations of foraging and nesting grounds as well as environmental heterogeneity like oceanic currents and food distribution. We developed an individual-based model to investigate the impact of local environmental conditions on emerging migratory corridors and reproductive output and to thereby identify conservation priority sites. The model integrates movement, nesting, and foraging behavior. Despite being largely conceptual, the model captured realistic movement patterns which confirm field studies. The spatial distribution of migratory corridors and foraging hot spots was mostly constrained by features of the regional landscape, such as nesting site locations, distribution of feeding patches, and oceanic currents. These constraints also explained the mixing patterns in regional forager communities. By implementing alternative decision strategies of the turtles, we found that foraging site fidelity and nesting investment, two characteristics of green turtles' biology, are favorable strategies under unpredictable environmental conditions affecting their habitats. Based on our results, we propose specific guidelines for the regional conservation of green turtles as well as future research suggestions advancing spatial ecology of sea turtles. Being implemented in an easy to learn open-source software, our model can coevolve with the collection and analysis of new data on energy budget and movement into a generic tool for sea turtle research and conservation. Our modeling approach could also be useful for supporting the conservation of other migratory marine animals.  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 2045-7758 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes WOS:000481747800001 Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection (down) 2621  
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Auteur Queiroz, N.; Humphries, N.E.; Couto, A.; Vedor, M.; da Costa, I.; Sequeira, A.M.M.; Mucientes, G.; Santos, A.M.; Abascal, F.J.; Abercrombie, D.L.; Abrantes, K.; Acuna-Marrero, D.; Afonso, A.S.; Afonso, P.; Anders, D.; Araujo, G.; Arauz, R.; Bach, P.; Barnett, A.; Bernal, D.; Berumen, M.L.; Lion, S.B.; Bezerra, N.P.A.; Blaison, A.V.; Block, B.A.; Bond, M.E.; Bonfil, R.; Bradford, R.W.; Braun, C.D.; Brooks, E.J.; Brooks, A.; Brown, J.; Bruce, B.D.; Byrne, M.E.; Campana, S.E.; Carlisle, A.B.; Chapman, D.D.; Chapple, T.K.; Chisholm, J.; Clarke, C.R.; Clua, E.G.; Cochran, J.E.M.; Crochelet, E.C.; Dagorn, L.; Daly, R.; Cortes, D.D.; Doyle, T.K.; Drew, M.; Duffy, C.A.J.; Erikson, T.; Espinoza, E.; Ferreira, L.C.; Ferretti, F.; Filmalter, J.D.; Fischer, G.C.; Fitzpatrick, R.; Fontes, J.; Forget, F.; Fowler, M.; Francis, M.P.; Gallagher, A.J.; Gennari, E.; Goldsworthy, S.D.; Gollock, M.J.; Green, J.R.; Gustafson, J.A.; Guttridge, T.L.; Guzman, H.M.; Hammerschlag, N.; Harman, L.; Hazin, F.H.V.; Heard, M.; Hearn, A.R.; Holdsworth, J.C.; Holmes, B.J.; Howey, L.A.; Hoyos, M.; Hueter, R.E.; Hussey, N.E.; Huveneers, C.; Irion, D.T.; Jacoby, D.M.P.; Jewell, O.J.D.; Johnson, R.; Jordan, L.K.B.; Jorgensen, S.J.; Joyce, W.; Daly, C.A.K.; Ketchum, J.T.; Klimley, A.P.; Kock, A.A.; Koen, P.; Ladino, F.; Lana, F.O.; Lea, J.S.E.; Llewellyn, F.; Lyon, W.S.; MacDonnell, A.; Macena, B.C.L.; Marshall, H.; McAllister, J.D.; McAuley, R.; Meyer, M.A.; Morris, J.J.; Nelson, E.R.; Papastamatiou, Y.P.; Patterson, T.A.; Penaherrera-Palma, C.; Pepperell, J.G.; Pierce, S.J.; Poisson, F.; Quintero, L.M.; Richardson, A.J.; Rogers, P.J.; Rohner, C.A.; Rowat, D.R.L.; Samoilys, M.; Semmens, J.M.; Sheaves, M.; Shillinger, G.; Shivji, M.; Singh, S.; Skomal, G.B.; Smale, M.J.; Snyders, L.B.; Soler, G.; Soria, M.; Stehfest, K.M.; Stevens, J.D.; Thorrold, S.R.; Tolotti, M.T.; Towner, A.; Travassos, P.; Tyminski, J.P.; Vandeperre, F.; Vaudo, J.J.; Watanabe, Y.Y.; Weber, S.B.; Wetherbee, B.M.; White, T.D.; Williams, S.; Zarate, P.M.; Harcourt, R.; Hays, G.C.; Meekan, M.G.; Thums, M.; Irigoien, X.; Eguiluz, V.M.; Duarte, C.M.; Sousa, L.L.; Simpson, S.J.; Southall, E.J.; Sims, D.W. doi  openurl
  Titre Global spatial risk assessment of sharks under the footprint of fisheries Type Article scientifique
  Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Nature  
  Volume 572 Numéro 7770 Pages 461-+  
  Mots-Clés bycatch; conservation; geolocation; improving light; model; movements; patterns; pelagic sharks; temperature; tracking  
  Résumé Effective ocean management and the conservation of highly migratory species depend on resolving the overlap between animal movements and distributions, and fishing effort. However, this information is lacking at a global scale. Here we show, using a big-data approach that combines satellite-tracked movements of pelagic sharks and global fishing fleets, that 24% of the mean monthly space used by sharks falls under the footprint of pelagic longline fisheries. Space-use hotspots of commercially valuable sharks and of internationally protected species had the highest overlap with longlines (up to 76% and 64%, respectively), and were also associated with significant increases in fishing effort. We conclude that pelagic sharks have limited spatial refuge from current levels of fishing effort in marine areas beyond national jurisdictions (the high seas). Our results demonstrate an urgent need for conservation and management measures at high-seas hotspots of shark space use, and highlight the potential of simultaneous satellite surveillance of megafauna and fishers as a tool for near-real-time, dynamic management.  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0028-0836 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes WOS:000482219600033 Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection (down) 2614  
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