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Auteur (up) Shin, Y.-J.; Bundy, A.; Shannon, L.J.; Simier, M.; Coll, M.; Fulton, E.A.; Link, J.S.; Jouffre, D.; Ojaveer, H.; Mackinson, S.; Heymans, J.J.; Raid, T. url  doi
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  Titre Can simple be useful and reliable? Using ecological indicators to represent and compare the states of marine ecosystems Type Article scientifique
  Année 2010 Publication Revue Abrégée Ices Journal of Marine Science  
  Volume 67 Numéro 4 Pages 717-731  
  Mots-Clés comparative approach; indicators; marine ecosystems; reference levels; thresholds  
  Résumé Within the IndiSeas WG, the evaluation of exploited marine ecosystems has several steps, from simple binary categorization of ecosystems to a more-complex attempt to rank them and to evaluate their status using decision-tree analyses. With the intention of communicating scientific knowledge to the public and stakeholders, focus is on evaluating and comparing the status of exploited marine ecosystems using a set of six ecological indicators and a simple and transparent graphic representation of ecosystem state (pie charts). A question that arose was whether it was acceptable to compare different types of marine ecosystems using a generic set of indicators. To this end, an attempt is made to provide reference levels to which ecosystems can be objectively compared. Unacceptable thresholds for each indicator are determined based on ecological expertise derived from a questionnaire distributed to a group of scientific experts. Analysis of the questionnaires revealed no significant difference in the thresholds provided for different ecosystem types, suggesting that it was reasonable to compare states directly across different types of ecosystem using the set of indicators selected.  
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  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
  Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 1054-3139 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 105  
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Auteur (up) Shin, Y.-J.; Houle, J.E.; Akoglu, E.; Blanchard, J.L.; Bundy, A.; Coll, M.; Demarcq, H.; Fu, C.; Fulton, E.A.; Heymans, J.J.; Salihoglu, B.; Shannon, L.; Sporcic, M.; Velez, L. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre The specificity of marine ecological indicators to fishing in the face of environmental change: A multi-model evaluation Type Article scientifique
  Année 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée Ecological Indicators  
  Volume 89 Numéro Pages 317-326  
  Mots-Clés ecosystem approach to fisheries; Indicator performance; Marine ecosystem models; Multi-model evaluation; Scenarios; Signal-to-noise ratio  
  Résumé Ecological indicators are widely used to characterise ecosystem health. In the marine environment, indicators have been developed to assess the ecosystem effects of fishing to support an ecosystem approach to fisheries. However, very little work on the performance and robustness of ecological indicators has been carried out. An important aspect of robustness is that indicators should respond specifically to changes in the pressures they are designed to detect (e.g. fishing) rather than changes in other drivers (e.g. environment). We adopted a multi-model approach to compare and test the specificity of commonly used ecological indicators to capture fishing effects in the presence of environmental change and under different fishing strategies. We tested specificity in the presence of two types of environmental change: “random”, representing interannual climate variability and “directional”, representing climate change. We used phytoplankton biomass as a proxy of the environmental conditions, as this driver was comparable across all ecosystem models, then applied a signal-to-noise ratio analysis to test the specificity of indicators with random environmental change. For directional change, we used mean gradients to apportion the quantity of change in the indicators due to fishing and the environment. We found that depending on the fishing strategy and environmental change, ecological indicators could range from high to low specificity to fishing. As expected, the specificity of indicators to fishing almost always decreased as environmental variability increased. In 55–76% of the scenarios run with directional change in phytoplankton biomass across fishing strategies and ecosystem models, indicators were significantly more responsive to changes in fishing than to changes in phytoplankton biomass. This important result makes the tested ecological indicators good candidates to support fisheries management in a changing environment. Among the indicators, the catch over biomass ratio was most often the most specific indicator to fishing, whereas mean length was most often the most sensitive to change in phytoplankton biomass. However, the responses of indicators were highly variable depending on the ecosystem and fishing strategy under consideration. We therefore recommend that indicators should be tested in the particular ecosystem before they are used for monitoring and management purposes.  
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  Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 1470-160x ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2285  
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Auteur (up) Shin, Y.-J.; Shannon, L.J. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Using indicators for evaluating, comparing, and communicating the ecological status of exploited marine ecosystems. 1. The IndiSeas project Type Article scientifique
  Année 2010 Publication Revue Abrégée Ices Journal of Marine Science  
  Volume 67 Numéro Pages 686-691  
  Mots-Clés approach; comparative; ecosystem; Fishing; impacts; indicator; IndiSeas; marine; status  
  Résumé One of the challenges faced by the scientific community grappling with the ecosystem approach to fisheries is to propose a generic set of synthetic ecological indicators, which would accurately reflect the effects of fisheries on marine ecosystems, and could support sound communication and management practices. The IndiSeas Working Group was established in 2005 under the auspices of the Eur-Oceans Network of Excellence to develop methods to provide indicators-based assessments of the status of exploited marine ecosystems in a comparative framework. Here, we present the two main outputs of the first phase of the project: a suite of papers documenting a combination of indicator-based methods and results comparing the ecological status of the world's exploited marine ecosystems, and a website aiming to communicate these results beyond scientific audiences.  
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  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
  Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 1054-3139 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 106  
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Auteur (up) Shin, Y.-J.; Shannon, L.J.; Bundy, A.; Coll, M.; Aydin, K.; Bez, N.; Blanchard, J.L.; Borges, M.D.; Diallo, I.; Diaz, E.; Heymans, J.J.; Hill, L.; Johannesen, E.; Jouffre, D.; Kifani, S.; Labrosse, P.; Link, J.S.; Mackinson, S.; Masski, H.; Mollmann, C.; Neira, S.; Ojaveer, H.; Abdallahi, K.O.M.; Perry, I.; Thiao, D.; Yemane, D.; Cury, P. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Using indicators for evaluating, comparing, and communicating the ecological status of exploited marine ecosystems. 2. Setting the scene Type Article scientifique
  Année 2010 Publication Revue Abrégée Ices Journal of Marine Science  
  Volume 67 Numéro 4 Pages 692-716  
  Mots-Clés comparative approach; ecological indicators; ecosystem effects of fishing; exploited marine ecosystems; IndiSeas  
  Résumé Background is provided to the selection of ecological indicators by the IndiSeas Working Group, and the methodology adopted for analysis and comparison of indicators across exploited marine ecosystems is documented. The selected indicators are presented, how they are calculated is explained, and the philosophy behind the comparative approach is given. The combination of selected indicators is intended to reflect different dynamics, tracking processes that display differential responses to fishing, and is meant to provide a complementary means of assessing marine ecosystem trends and states. IndiSeas relied on inputs and insights provided by the local experts from participating ecosystems, helping to understand state and trend indicators and to disentangle the effect of other potential ecosystem drivers, such as climate variability. This project showed that the use of simple and available indicators under an ecosystem approach can achieve a real, wide-reaching evaluation of marine ecosystem status caused by fishing. This is important because the socio-economics of areas where fishing activities develop differs significantly around the globe, and in many countries, insufficient data are available for complex and exhaustive analyses.  
  Adresse  
  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
  Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 1054-3139 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 107  
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Auteur (up) Silva Junior, C. a. B.; Mérigot, B.; Lucena-Fredou, F.; Ferreira, B.P.; Coxey, M.S.; Rezende, S.M.; Fredou, T. doi  openurl
  Titre Functional diversity of fish in tropical estuaries: A traits-based approach of communities in Pernambuco, Brazil Type Article scientifique
  Année 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci.  
  Volume 198 Numéro Pages 413-420  
  Mots-Clés patterns; biodiversity; evolutionary; assemblages; species richness; Monitoring; marine ecosystems; quadratic entropy; Diversity indices; organization; Double principal coordinate analysis; Estuarine ecosystems; Species function; redundancy; services  
  Résumé Environmental changes and human activities may have strong impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. While biodiversity is traditionally based on species richness and composition, there is a growing concern to take into account functional diversity to assess and manage species communities. In spite of their economic importance, functional diversity quantified by a traits-based approach is still poorly documented in tropical estuaries. In this study, the functional diversity of fishes was investigated within four estuaries in Pernambuco state, northeast of Brazil. These areas are subject to different levels of human impact (e.g. mangrove deforestation, shrimp farming, fishing etc.) and environmental conditions. Fishes were collected during 34 scientific surveys. A total of 122 species were identified and 12 functional traits were quantified describing two main functions: food acquisition and locomotion. Fish abundance and functional dissimilarities data were combined into a multivariate analysis, the Double Principal Coordinate Analysis, to identify the functional typology of fish assemblages according to the estuary. Results showed that Itapissuma, the largest estuary with a wider mangrove forest area, differs from the other three estuaries, showing higher mean values per samples of species richness S and quadratic entropy Q. Similarly, it presented a different functional typology (the first two axes of the DPCoA account for 68.7% of total inertia, while those of a traditional PCA based solely on species abundances provided only 17.4%). Conversely, Suape, Sirinhaem, and to a lower extent Rio Formoso, showed more similarity in their diversity. This result was attributed to their predominantly marine influenced hydrological features, and similar levels of species abundances and in morphological traits. Overall, this study, combining diversity indices and a recent multivariate analysis to access species contribution to functional typology, allows to deepen diversity assessment by providing additional information regarding the functional pattern of fish assemblages. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.  
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  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0272-7714 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2247  
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