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Auteur Brochier, T.; Ecoutin, J.M.; de Morais, L.T.; Kaplan, D.M.; Lae, R. doi  openurl
  Titre A multi-agent ecosystem model for studying changes in a tropical estuarine fish assemblage within a marine protected area Type Article scientifique
  Année 2013 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquatic Living Resources  
  Volume 26 Numéro 02 Pages 147-158  
  Mots-Clés ecosystem model; Life history; marine protected area; Spill-over; trophic level; Tropical estuarine fish assemblage; West Africa  
  Résumé As marine protected areas (MPAs) are increasingly being utilised as a tool for fishery management, their impact on the food web needs to be fully understood. However, little is known about the effect of MPAs on fish assemblages, especially in the presence of different life history and ecological traits. Modelling the observed changes in fish population structures may provide a mechanistic understanding of fish assemblage dynamics. In addition, modelling allows a quantitative estimate of MPA spill-over. To achieve this purpose, we adapted an existing ecosystem model, OSMOSE (Object-oriented simulator of marine biodiversity exploitation), to the specific case of the presence of fish with multiple life histories. The adapted model can manage 4 main categories of life history identified in an estuary MPA: fish that (1) spend their entire life cycle locally, (2) are present only as juveniles, (3) enter the area as juveniles and stay permanently except during reproduction periods, which occur outside the estuary, and (4) are present occasionally and for a short time for foraging purposes. To take into account these specific life-history traits, the OSMOSE code was modified. This modelling approach was developed in the context of the Bamboung Bolong MPA, located in a mangrove area in the Sine-Saloum Delta, Senegal. This was the ideal case to develop our approach as there has been scientific monitoring of the fish population structure inside the MPA before fishery closure, providing a reference state, and continuous monitoring since the closure. Ecologically similar species were pooled by trophic traits into 15 groups that represented 97% of the total biomass. Lower trophic levels (LTL) were represented by 6 compartments. The biomass of the model species was calibrated to reproduce the reference situation before fishery closure. Model predictions of fish assemblage changes after fishery closure corresponding to the Bamboung MPA creation scenario were compared to field observations; in most cases the model reproduces observed changes in biomass (at least in direction). We suggest the existence of a “sanctuary effect”, that was not taken into account in the model, this could explain the observed increase in biomass of top predators not reproduced by the model. Finally, the annual MPA fish spill-over was estimated at 11 tons (~33% of the fish biomass) from the model output, mainly due to diffusive effects.  
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  Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 298  
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Auteur Viblanc, V. A.; Schull, Q.; Roth, J.D.; Rabdeau, J.; Saraux, C.; Uhlrich, P.; Criscuolo, F.; Dobson, F. S.; Gremillet, D. url  doi
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  Titre Maternal oxidative stress and reproduction: Testing the constraint, cost and shielding hypotheses in a wild mammal Type Article scientifique
  Année 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée Functional Ecology  
  Volume 32 Numéro 3 Pages 722-735  
  Mots-Clés antioxidant; body condition; cost of reproduction; life history; mammal; mitochondria; trade‐off  
  Résumé Abstract Oxidative stress has been proposed as a central causal mechanism underlying the life?history trade?off between current and future reproduction and survival in wild animals. While mixed evidence suggests that maternal oxidative stress may act both as a constraint and a cost to reproduction, some studies have reported a lack of association between reproduction and maternal oxidative stress. The oxidative shielding hypothesis offers an alternative explanation, suggesting that mothers may pre?emptively mitigate the oxidative costs of reproduction by increasing antioxidant defences prior to reproduction. We tested the oxidative constraint, cost and shielding hypotheses using a longitudinal field study of oxidative stress levels in a species that breeds using daily energy income, the Columbian ground squirrel (Urocitellus columbianus). Elevated maternal oxidative damage prior to reproduction was associated with higher maternal investment in litter mass at birth, but not at weaning. Breeding females increased their antioxidant capacity and decreased their oxidative damage from birth to lactation, compared to non?breeding females measured at the same time periods. However, lower maternal oxidative stress during lactation was not associated with higher offspring survival or mass growth over this period. Our results provide little evidence for maternal oxidative stress acting as a constraint on, or cost to, reproduction in Columbian ground squirrels, but partially support the idea that oxidative shielding occurred to buffer potential oxidative costs of reproduction. A plain language summary is available for this article.  
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  ISSN 0269-8463 ISBN Médium (up)  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2306  
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Auteur Shen, K.-N.; Chang, C.-W.; Durand, J.-D. url  doi
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  Titre Spawning segregation and philopatry are major prezygotic barriers in sympatric cryptic Mugil cephalus species Type Article scientifique
  Année 2015 Publication Revue Abrégée Comptes Rendus Biologies  
  Volume 338 Numéro 12 Pages 803-811  
  Mots-Clés Comportement reproducteur; Life history traits; Migration; Migrationés; Mugilidae; Reproductive behavior; Traits d’histoire de vie  
  Résumé The flathead mullet, Mugil cephalus, is a commercially vital fish in fisheries and aquaculture worldwide. Genetic analyses have recently revealed three cryptic species of M. cephalus in the Northwest Pacific. These species are sympatric in Taiwanese waters and specific reproductive behaviors have been suggested to be a major prezygotic barrier. Species composition was evaluated in samples of M. cephalus at different growth stages collected from various habitats (offshore spawning ground, estuarine nursery and feeding areas) over several months or years. The gonadosomatic index of adults and the body length of juveniles were recorded to determine the reproductive season and recruitment periods in estuaries. The results revealed partially temporal spawning isolation between species pairs, spatial segregation on specific spawning grounds and strong philopatry preclude hybridization. Thus, the results imply that traditional fisheries of mature fish in the Taiwan Strait target only one species, whereas aquaculture in Taiwan contain juveniles of all three species collected in estuaries. The ecological niche and demography of these species must be investigated further to estimate the impact of juvenile sources on aquaculture.  
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  ISSN 1631-0691 ISBN Médium (up)  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1399  
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Auteur Weber, A. A.-T.; Mérigot, B.; Valière, S.; Chenuil, A. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Influence of the larval phase on connectivity: strong differences in the genetic structure of brooders and broadcasters in the Ophioderma longicauda species complex Type Article scientifique
  Année 2015 Publication Revue Abrégée Mol Ecol  
  Volume 24 Numéro 24 Pages 6080-6094  
  Mots-Clés DNA barcoding; echinoderms; life history evolution; phylogeography; population genetics – empirical  
  Résumé Closely related species with divergent life history traits are excellent models to infer the role of such traits in genetic diversity and connectivity. Ophioderma longicauda is a brittle star species complex composed of different genetic clusters, including brooders and broadcasters. These species diverged very recently and some of them are sympatric and ecologically syntopic, making them particularly suitable to study the consequences of their trait differences. At the scale of the geographic distribution of the broadcasters (Mediterranean Sea and northeastern Atlantic), we sequenced the mitochondrial marker COI and genotyped an intron (i51) for 788 individuals. In addition, we sequenced 10 nuclear loci newly developed from transcriptome sequences, for six sympatric populations of brooders and broadcasters from Greece. At the large scale, we found a high genetic structure within the brooders (COI: 0.07 < FST < 0.65) and no polymorphism at the nuclear locus i51. In contrast, the broadcasters displayed lower genetic structure (0 < FST < 0.14) and were polymorphic at locus i51. At the regional scale, the multilocus analysis confirmed the contrasting genetic structure between species, with no structure in the broadcasters (global FST < 0.001) and strong structure in the brooders (global FST = 0.49), and revealed a higher genetic diversity in broadcasters. Our study showed that the lecithotrophic larval stage allows on average a 50-fold increase in migration rates, a 280-fold increase in effective size and a threefold to fourfold increase in genetic diversity. Our work, investigating complementary genetic markers on sympatric and syntopic taxa, highlights the strong impact of the larval phase on connectivity and genetic diversity.  
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  ISSN 1365-294x ISBN Médium (up)  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1446  
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Auteur McLean, M.J.; Mouillot, D.; Goascoz, N.; Schlaich, I.; Auber, A. doi  openurl
  Titre Functional reorganization of marine fish nurseries under climate warming Type Article scientifique
  Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Glob. Change Biol.  
  Volume 25 Numéro 2 Pages 660-674  
  Mots-Clés English Channel; community; ecosystem; fisheries; recruitment; functional traits; in-situ; connectivity; estuarine; climate change; life-history strategies; ecosystem function; life history; english-channel; Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation; atlantic multidecadal oscillation; fuzzy-logic; r-selection  
  Résumé While climate change is rapidly impacting marine species and ecosystems worldwide, the effects of climate warming on coastal fish nurseries have received little attention despite nurseries' fundamental roles in recruitment and population replenishment. Here, we used a 26-year time series (1987-2012) of fish monitoring in the Bay of Somme, a nursery in the Eastern English Channel (EEC), to examine the impacts of environmental and human drivers on the spatial and temporal dynamics of fish functional structure during a warming phase of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO). We found that the nursery was initially dominated by fishes with r-selected life-history traits such as low trophic level, low age and size at maturity, and small offspring, which are highly sensitive to warming. The AMO, likely superimposed on climate change, induced rapid warming in the late 1990s (over 1 degrees C from 1998 to 2003), leading to functional reorganization of fish communities, with a roughly 80% decline in overall fish abundance and increased dominance by K-selected fishes. Additionally, historical overfishing likely rendered the bay more vulnerable to climatic changes due to increased dominance by fishing-tolerant, yet climatically sensitive species. The drop in fish abundance not only altered fish functional structure within the Bay of Somme, but the EEC was likely impacted, as the EEC has been unable to recover from a regime shift in the late 1990s potentially, in part, due to failed replenishment from the bay. Given the collapse of r-selected fishes, we discuss how the combination of climate cycles and global warming could threaten marine fish nurseries worldwide, as nurseries are often dominated by r-selected species.  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
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  ISSN 1354-1013 ISBN Médium (up)  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2523  
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