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Auteur McKindsey, C.W.; Archambault, P.; Callier, M.D.; Olivier, F.
Titre Influence of suspended and off-bottom mussel culture on the sea bottom and benthic habitats: a review Type Article scientifique
Année 2011 Publication Revue Abrégée Can. J. Zool.-Rev. Can. Zool.
Volume 89 Numéro 7 Pages 622-646
Mots-Clés eelgrass; feeding bivalve mollusks; hanging long-lines; la-madeleine quebec; macrobenthic community structure; mytilus-edulis l.; pacific-northwest estuary; prince-edward-island; sediment-water interface; shellfish farming activities; zostera-marina
Résumé Aquaculture is the fastest growing sector of the food industry, raising concerns about the influence of this activity on the environment. We take a holistic approach to review off-bottom and suspended mussel culture effects on the benthic environment and benthic communities. Both longline and “bouchot” mussel culture add much physical structure (infrastructure and mussels) to the environment, altering hydrosedimentary processes by modifying currents and increasing sedimentation locally, and providing habitat for many benthic organisms. Biodeposition from mussels and these organisms increases benthic organic loading and linked biogeochemical processes to influence O(2), pH, redox potentials, dissolved sulphides, and other sediment parameters, benthic respiration and nutrient fluxes, and benthic infaunal communities. Mussel culture may also influence seagrasses and algae, although this has not been well-studied. Far-field effects on the benthos may occur through a number of mechanisms, including aggregation of epibenthic macrofauna in culture sites, alteration of plankton communities, and the enhancement of exotic and indigenous pest species owing to the addition of physical structure to the environment. Quantitative relationships between farming level and benthic influences are lacking, making predictions of effects difficult.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0008-4301 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 679
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Auteur Richard, M.; Bourreau, J.; Montagnani, C.; Ouisse, V.; Le Gall, P.; Fortune, M.; Munaron, D.; Messiaen, G.; Callier, M.D.; Roque d'Orbcastel, E.
Titre Influence of OSHV-1 oyster mortality episode on dissolved inorganic fluxes: An ex situ experiment at the individual scale Type Article scientifique
Année 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquaculture
Volume 475 Numéro Pages 40-51
Mots-Clés carrying-capacity; Crassostrea gigas; crassostrea-gigas spat; eastern oyster; juvenile; la-madeleine quebec; mediterranean thau lagoon; Mineralisation; mortality; mussel mytilus-edulis; mu-var; Nutrient fluxes; Ostreid herpesvirus 1; ostreid herpesvirus-1 infection; oxygen consumption; oxygen-consumption rates; pacific oysters; Spat
Résumé Ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1 mu var) infection has caused significant mortalities in juvenile oysters (Crassostrea gigas). In contrast to the practices of other animal production industries, sick and dead oysters are not separated from live ones and are left to decay in the surrounding environment, with unknown consequences on fluxes of dissolved materials. A laboratory approach was used in this study to test the influence of oyster mortality episode on dissolved inorganic fluxes at the oyster interface, dissociating (i) the effect of viral infection on metabolism of juvenile oysters and (ii) the effect of flesh decomposition on oxygen consumption and nutrient releases at the individual scale. Nine batches of juvenile oysters (Individual Total wet weight 1 g) were infected via injection of OsHV-1 enriched inoculums at different viral loads (108 and 109 OsHV-1 DNA copies per oyster) to explore infection thresholds. Oysters injected with filtered seawater were used as controls (C). Oysters were maintained under standard conditions to avoid stress linked to hypoxia, starvation, or ammonia excess. Before, after the injection and during the mortality episode, i.e. at days 1, 3, 7, 10 and 14, nine oysters per treatment were incubated in individual metabolic chambers to quantify oxygen, ammonium and phosphate fluxes at the seawater-oyster interface. Nine empty chambers served as a reference. Injections of the two viral loads of OsHV-1 induced similar mortality rates (38%), beginning at day 3 and lasting until day 14. The observed mortality kinetics were slower than those reported in previous experimental pathology studies, but comparable to those observed in the field (Thau lagoon, France). This study highlights that oxygen and nutrient fluxes significantly varied during mortality episode. Indeed (i) OsHV-1 infection firstly modifies oyster metabolism, with significant decreases in oxygen consumption and ammonium excretion, and (ii) dead oysters lead to a strong increase of ammonium (6 fold) and phosphate (41 fold) fluxes and a decrease in the N/P ratio due to mineralisation of their flesh. The latter may modify the structure of the planktonic community in the field during mortality episode. This study is a first step of the MORTAFLUX program. The second step was to in situ confirm this abnormal nutrient loading during a mortality episode and show its impact on bacterio-, phyto-and protozoo-plankton. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0044-8486 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2149
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