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Auteur (up) Boudour-Boucheker, N.; Boulo, V.; Charmantier-Daures, M.; Anger, K.; Charmantier, G.; Lorin-Nebel, C. url  doi
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  Titre Osmoregulation in larvae and juveniles of two recently separated Macrobrachium species: Expression patterns of ion transporter genes Type Article scientifique
  Année 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology  
  Volume 195 Numéro Pages 39-45  
  Mots-Clés Branchial chamber; Crustaceans; Na+/K+-ATPase; NHE3 transporter; Salinity; V-type H+-ATPase  
  Résumé In this comparative study, osmoregulatory mechanisms were analyzed in two closely related species of palaemonid shrimp from Brazil, Macrobrachium pantanalense and Macrobrachium amazonicum. A previous investigation showed that all postembryonic stages of M. pantanalense from inland waters of the Pantanal are able to hyper-osmoregulate in fresh water, while this species was not able to hypo-osmoregulate at high salinities. In M. amazonicum originating from the Amazon estuary, in contrast, all stages are able to hypo-osmoregulate, but only first-stage larvae, late juveniles and adults are able to hyper-osmoregulate in fresh water. The underlying molecular mechanisms of these physiological differences have not been known. We therefore investigated the expression patterns of three ion transporters (NKA α-subunit, VHA B-subunit and NHE3) following differential salinity acclimation in different ontogenetic stages (stage-V larvae, juveniles) of both species. Larval NKAα expression was at both salinities significantly higher in M. pantanalense than in M. amazonicum, whereas no difference was noted in juveniles. VHA was also more expressed in larvae of M. pantanalense than in those of M. amazonicum. When NHE3 expression is compared between the larvae of the two species, further salinity-related differences were observed, with generally higher expression in the inland species. Overall, a high expression of ion pumps in M. pantanalense suggests an evolutionary key role of these transporters in freshwater invasion.  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 1095-6433 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1483  
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Auteur (up) Boudour-Boucheker, N.; Boulo, V.; Charmantier-Daures, M.; Grousset, E.; Anger, K.; Charmantier, G.; Lorin-Nebel, C. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Differential distribution of V-type H+-ATPase and Na+/K+-ATPase in the branchial chamber of the palaemonid shrimp Macrobrachium amazonicum Type Article scientifique
  Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Cell and Tissue Research  
  Volume 357 Numéro 1 Pages 195-206  
  Mots-Clés Branchiostegite; Gills; Na+/K+-ATPase; Osmoregulation; V-type H+-ATPase; crab eriocheir-sinensis; decapoda; epithelial potential difference; fresh-water crab; gill epithelium; homarus-gammarus; ion-transport; larval development; lobster; olfersii; plasma-membrane; salinity acclimation  
  Résumé V-H+-ATPase and Na+/K+-ATPase were localized in the gills and branchiostegites of M. amazonicum and the effects of salinity on the branchial chamber ultrastructure and on the localization of transporters were investigated. Gills present septal and pillar cells. In freshwater (FW), the apical surface of pillar cells is amplified by extensive evaginations associated with mitochondria. V-H+-ATPase immunofluorescence was localized in the membranes of the apical evaginations and in clustered subapical areas of pillar cells, suggesting labeling of intracellular vesicle membranes. Na+/K+-ATPase labeling was restricted to the septal cells. No difference in immunostaining was recorded for both proteins according to salinity (FW vs. 25 PSU). In the branchiostegite, both V-H+-ATPase and Na+/K+-ATPase immunofluorescence were localized in the same cells of the internal epithelium. Immunogold revealed that V-H+-ATPase was localized in apical evaginations and in electron-dense areas throughout the inner epithelium, while Na+/K+-ATPase occurred densely along the basal infoldings of the cytoplasmic membrane. Our results suggest that morphologically different cell types within the gill lamellae may also be functionally specialized. We propose that, in FW, pillar cells expressing V-H+-ATPase absorb ions (Cl-, Na+) that are transported either directly to the hemolymph space or through a junctional complex to the septal cells, which may be responsible for active Na+ delivery to the hemolymph through Na+/K+-ATPase. This suggests a functional link between septal and pillar cells in osmoregulation. When shrimps are transferred to FW, gill and branchiostegite epithelia undergo ultrastructural changes, most probably resulting from their involvement in osmoregulatory processes.  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0302-766x ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 541  
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Auteur (up) Dayras, P.; Charmantier, G.; Chaumot, A.; Vigneron, A.; Coquery, M.; Quéau, H.; Artells, E.; Lignot, J.-H.; Geffard, O.; Issartel, J. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Osmoregulatory responses to cadmium in reference and historically metal contaminated Gammarus fossarum (Crustacea, Amphipoda) populations Type Article scientifique
  Année 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée Chemosphere  
  Volume 180 Numéro Pages 412-422  
  Mots-Clés Cadmium; Crustacean; Histology; immunolocalization; Na+/K+-ATPase; V-H+-ATPase  
  Résumé In order to better understand the variable sensitivities of crustaceans to metals, we investigated the impact of cadmium exposure in 3 populations of Gammarus fossarum from different rivers of France. The first population lives in a Cd-contaminated river from a geochemical background, while the others inhabit Cd-free sites. Osmoregulation, a relevant biomarker to evaluate crustacean health following metal contamination, was used as a proxy to evaluate the intra- and inter-populationnal sensitivities to Cd. Specimens from each population were experimentally exposed to 9 μg Cd2+/L Cd for 7 days and hemolymph osmolality (HO) was then individually measured. In exposed populations, high inter-individual variations in HO values were noted, resulting in their separation into non-impacted and slightly or highly Cd-impacted (with lower HO) animals. In gills of impacted organisms, deep histopathological alterations and protein overexpression of Na+/K+-ATPase and V-H+-ATPase were observed through histology and immunolocalization, while non-impacted animals showed profiles comparable to controls. Moreover, the osmoregulatory processes in the population living in the Cd-contaminated site were impacted by acute Cd exposure in the laboratory as much as for one of the two populations originating from Cd-free sites. The observed changes did not reveal any obvious adaptive osmoregulatory phenomena at the population scale, but they may be due to differences in fitness between individuals and between populations in relation to the features of their respective environments, unrelated with the presence of the metal.  
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  Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0045-6535 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2104  
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Auteur (up) Gerber, L.; Lee, C.E.; Grousset, E.; Blondeau-Bidet, E.; Boucheker, N.B.; Lorin-Nebel, C.; Charmantier-Daures, M.; Charmantier, G. doi  openurl
  Titre The Legs Have It: In Situ Expression of Ion Transporters V-Type H+-ATPase and Na+/K+-ATPase in the Osmoregulatory Leg Organs of the Invading Copepod Eurytemora affinis Type Article scientifique
  Année 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée Physiol. Biochem. Zool.  
  Volume 89 Numéro 3 Pages 233-250  
  Mots-Clés crab chasmagnathus-granulatus; crustacea; euryhaline crabs; fresh-water crab; immunolocalization; integumental windows; ionic regulation; malpighian tubules; messenger-rna expression; Na+/K+-ATPase; Osmoregulation; posterior gills; salinity acclimation; shrimp macrobrachium-amazonicum; swimming legs; V-type H+-ATPase  
  Résumé The copepod Eurytemora affinis has an unusually broad salinity range, as some populations have recently invaded freshwater habitats independently from their ancestral saline habitats. Prior studies have shown evolutionary shifts in ion transporter activity during freshwater invasions and localization of ion transporters in newly discovered “Crusalis organs” in the swimming legs. The goals of this study were to localize and quantify expression of ion transport enzymes V-type H+-ATPase (VHA) and Na+/K+-ATPase (NKA) in the swimming legs of E. affinis and determine the degree of involvement of each leg in ionic regulation. We confirmed the presence of two distinct types of ionocytes in the Crusalis organs. Both cell types expressed VHA and NKA, and in the freshwater population the location of VHA and NKA in ionocytes was, respectively, apical and basal. Quantification of in situ expression of NKA and VHA established the predominance of swimming leg pairs 3 and 4 in ion transport in both saline and freshwater populations. Increases in VHA expression in swimming legs 3 and 4 of the freshwater population (in fresh water) relative to the saline population (at 15 PSU) arose from an increase in the abundance of VHA per cell rather than an increase in the number of ionocytes. This result suggests a simple mechanism for increasing ion uptake in fresh water. In contrast, the decline in NKA expression in the freshwater population arose from a decrease in ionocyte area in legs 4, likely resulting from decreases in number or size of ionocytes containing NKA. Such results provide insights into mechanisms of ionic regulation for this species, with added insights into evolutionary mechanisms underlying physiological adaptation during habitat invasions.  
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  Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 1522-2152 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1622  
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Auteur (up) Ituarte, R.B.; Lignot, J.-H.; Charmantier, G.; Spivak, E.; Lorin-Nebel, C. doi  openurl
  Titre Immunolocalization and expression of Na+/K+ -ATPase in embryos, early larval stages and adults of the freshwater shrimp Palaemonetes argentinus (Decapoda, Caridea, Palaemonidae) Type Article scientifique
  Année 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée Cell Tissue Res.  
  Volume 364 Numéro 3 Pages 527-541  
  Mots-Clés Antennal gland; antennal glands; branchial chamber; crayfish astacus-leptodactylus; dorsal organ; Extrabranchial organs; Gill; h+-atpase; hemigrapsus-crenulatus; kinetic characterization; lobster homarus-gammarus; Ontogeny; Osmoregulation; osmoregulatory organs; prawn macrobrachium-rosenbergii  
  Résumé The euryhaline shrimp Palaemonetes argentinus exemplifies an evolutionary transition from brackish to freshwater habitats that requires adequate osmoregulatory capacities. Hyperosmoregulation is functional at hatching and it likely begins during the embryonic phase allowing this species to develop entirely in fresh water. Here, we investigated the Na+/K+-ATPase alpha-subunit gene (nka-alpha) expression using quantitative real-time PCR and localized Na+/K+-ATPase (NKA) in ion-transporting epithelia through immunofluorescence microscopy. We reared shrimps from spawning to juvenile stages at two salinities (1, 15 aEuro degrees) and maintained adults for 3 weeks at three salinity treatments (1, 15, 25 aEuro degrees). nka-alpha gene expression was measured in: (1) embryos at an early (SI), intermediate (SII) and late (SIII) stage of embryonic development; (2) newly hatched larvae (Zoea I, ZI); and (3) isolated gill tissue of adults. The nka-alpha expression was low in SI and SII embryos and reached maximum levels prior to hatching (SIII), which were similar to expression levels detected in the ZI. The nka-alpha expression in SIII and ZI was highest at 15 aEuro degrees, whereas salinity did not affect expression in earlier embryos. In SIII, in ZI and in a later zoeal stage ZIV, NKA was localized in epithelial cells of pleurae, in the inner-side epithelium of branchiostegite and in the antennal glands. Gills appeared in the ZIV but NKA immunolabeling of the cells of the gill shaft occurred in a subsequent developmental larval stage, the decapodid. Extrabranchial organs constitute the main site of osmoregulation in early ontogenetic stages of this freshwater shrimp.  
  Adresse  
  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0302-766x ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1621  
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