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Auteur Tribot, A.-S.; Deter, J.; Claverie, T.; Guillhaumon, F.; Villeger, S.; Mouquet, N. doi  openurl
  Titre Species diversity and composition drive the aesthetic value of coral reef fish assemblages Type Article scientifique
  Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Biol. Lett.  
  Volume 15 Numéro 11 Pages 20190703  
  Mots-Clés aesthetics; biodiversity; conservation; coral reef fish; ecosystem services; functional diversity; human interest; landscape; nature's contribution to people; quality  
  Résumé Cultural and recreational values of biodiversity are considered as important dimensions of nature's contribution to people. Among these values, the aesthetics can be of major importance as the appreciation of beauty is one of the simplest forms of human emotional response. Using an online survey, we disentangled the effects of different facets of biodiversity on aesthetic preferences of coral reef fish assemblages that are among the most emblematic assemblages on Earth. While we found a positive saturating effect of species' richness on human preference, we found a net negative effect of species abundance, no effect of species functional diversity and contrasting effects of species composition depending on species' attractiveness. Our results suggest that the biodiversity-human interest relationship is more complex than has been previously stated. By integrating several scales of organization, our study is a step forward in better evaluating the aesthetic value of biodiversity.  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 1744-9561 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes WOS:000504840300013 Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2713  
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Auteur Villeger, S.; Grenouillet, G.; Brosse, S. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Functional homogenization exceeds taxonomic homogenization among European fish assemblages Type Article scientifique
  Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Global Ecology and Biogeography  
  Volume 23 Numéro 12 Pages 1450-1460  
  Mots-Clés beta-diversity; exotic species; functional diversity; Non-native species; taxonomic dissimilarity; translocation  
  Résumé Aim Human activities and the consequent extirpations of native species and introductions of non-native species have been modifying the composition of species assemblages throughout the world. These anthropogenic impacts have modified the richness of assemblages as well as the biological dissimilarity among them. However, while changes in taxonomic dissimilarity (i.e. accounting for species composition) have been assessed intensively during the last decade there are still few assessments of changes in functional dissimilarity (i.e. accounting for the diversity of biological traits). Here, we assess the temporal changes in both taxonomic and functional dissimilarities for freshwater fish assemblages across Europe. Location Western Palaearctic, 137 river basins. Methods The Jaccard index was used to quantify the changes in both taxonomic and functional dissimilarity. We then partitioned dissimilarity to extract its turnover component and measured the changes in the contribution of turnover to dissimilarity. Results Functional homogenization exceeded taxonomic homogenization six-fold. More importantly, we found only a moderate positive correlation between these changes. For instance, 40% of assemblages that experienced taxonomic differentiation were actually functionally homogenized. Taxonomic and functional homogenizations were stronger when the historical level of taxonomic dissimilarity among assemblages was high and when a high number of non-native species were introduced in the assemblages. Moreover, translocated species (i.e. non-native species originating from Europe) played a stronger role than exotic species (i.e. those coming from outside Europe) in this homogenization process, while extirpation did not play a significant role. Main conclusions Change in taxonomic diversity cannot be used to predict changes in functional diversity. In addition, as functional diversity has been proven to be a better indicator of ecosystem functioning and stability than taxonomic diversity, further studies are required to test the potential effects of functional homogenization at the local scale.  
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  ISSN 1466-8238 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1178  
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Auteur Manna, L.R.; Villeger, S.; Rezende, C.F.; Mazzoni, R. doi  openurl
  Titre High intraspecific variability in morphology and diet in tropical stream fish communities Type Article scientifique
  Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Ecol. Freshw. Fish  
  Volume 28 Numéro 1 Pages 41-52  
  Mots-Clés approach reveals; assemblages; body-size; community ecology; competition; ecology; functional diversity; functional traits; habitat use; originality; plasticity; rainforest stream; savannah stream; specialisation; specialization; traits  
  Résumé Functional diversity of fish communities has been measured according to (a) interspecific variability, assuming that intraspecific variability is negligible, or (b) morphological differences, as good descriptors of complex functions, such as diet. These two assumptions have been scarcely tested on the individual level, especially in species-rich tropical ecosystems. Here, we adapted intraspecific specialisation (ISpe) and intraspecific originality indices (IOri) to assess complementary components of intraspecific variability. Next, we applied these indices to evaluate the intra- and interspecific variability of morphological and diet traits in two contrasting Brazilian stream-dwelling fish assemblages (rainforest and savannah). We also compared correlations between morphology and diet at the individual and species level to test whether accounting for intraspecific variability increases the predictability of diet due to morphological differences. Significant contributions of intraspecific variability to differences between fish were revealed for morphology and diet. Intraspecific variability in the diet was higher than that in morphology in both assemblages. The ISpe was positively correlated to IOri in the diet of both ecosystems. The morphological-dietary relationships were significant but weak at both individual and species levels. Our findings highlight the importance of measuring individual variability and accounting for complementary components of the intraspecific variability (ISpe and IOri). Importantly, we showed that the variability in morphology does not predict diet variability at both intra- and interspecific levels. Thus, high intraspecific variability in morphology and diet challenges the use of functional traits measured at the species level to describe the functional diversity of different fish assemblages.  
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  ISSN 0906-6691 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2472  
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Auteur Su, G.; Villeger, S.; Brosse, S. doi  openurl
  Titre Morphological sorting of introduced freshwater fish species within and between donor realms Type Article scientifique
  Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Glob. Ecol. Biogeogr.  
  Volume Numéro Pages  
  Mots-Clés biogeographic realms; body-size; ecology; establishment; exported species; functional diversity; hydropower; imputation; invasion steps; invasion success; morphological traits; morphospace; nonnative fishes; rivers; trade; traits; translocated species  
  Résumé Aim: To determine which morphological characteristics make a fish species a good candidate for introduction and establishment, we tested whether (a) introduced species differ in morphology from non-introduced species (species only existing in native areas and not introduced to new areas) in each donor assemblage (biogeographic realm fauna); (b) within the introduced species, the morphology of established species (self-sustaining introduced species) differs from that of the non-established species; (c) within the established species, those exported out of their native realm have more extreme morphological traits than those translocated within their native realm. Major taxa studied: Freshwater fish. Location: Global. Time period: 1960s-2010s. Methods: We used a global database of freshwater fishes from the six realms. Ten morphological traits were measured on 9,150 species. Principal component analysis was conducted to combine the 10 traits into a multidimensional morphospace. We used permutational multivariate analysis of variance (PERMANOVA) and permutational analysis for the multivariate homogeneity of dispersions (PERMDISP2) to compare the distribution of species groups in the morphospace and Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests to compare their distributions on principal component (PC) axes. Results: The morphology of introduced species differed from that of non-introduced species in all the six biogeographic realms. Among introduced species, established species had more extreme morphological traits than non-established species in most realms. Among established species, exported species had more extreme morphological traits than translocated species. Main conclusions: Morphological differences between introduced and nonintroduced species rely on an anthropogenic trait selection for fisheries and angling, leading to the preference for the introduction of predators with large and laterally compressed bodies. Established introduced species represent a small subset of introduced species morphologies, with these species having more extreme morphological traits, probably making them more efficient in particular habitats than their non-established counterparts. This was particularly marked for fish morphologies adapted to lentic waters. Such a trend was apparent for exported species, which have more extreme traits than translocated species.  
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  ISSN 1466-822x ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2740  
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Auteur Granger, V.; Fromentin, J.-M.; Bez, N.; Relini, G.; Meynard, C.; GAERTNER, J.-C.; Maiorano, P.; Garcia Ruiz, C.; Follesa, C.; Gristina, M.; Peristeraki, P.; BRIND'AMOUR, A.; Carbonara, P.; Charilaou, C.; Esteban, A.; Jadaud, A.; Joksimovic, A.; Kallianiotis, A.; Kolitari, J.; Manfredi, C.; Massuti, E.; Mifsud, R.; Quetglas, T.; Refes, W.; Sbrana, M.; Vrgoc, N.; SPEDICATO, M.T.; Mérigot, B. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Large-scale spatio-temporal monitoring highlights hotspots of demersal fish diversity in the Mediterranean Sea Type Article scientifique
  Année 2015 Publication Progress in Oceanography Revue Abrégée  
  Volume 130 Numéro Pages 65-74  
  Mots-Clés Functional diversity; Phylogenetic diversity; Rao’s quadratic entropy; Regression tree; Large scale  
  Résumé Increasing human pressures and global environmental change may severely affect the diversity of species assemblages and associated ecosystem services. Despite the recent interest in phylogenetic and functional diversity, our knowledge on large spatio-temporal patterns of demersal fish diversity sampled by trawling remains still incomplete, notably in the Mediterranean Sea, one of the most threatened marine regions of the world. We investigated large spatio-temporal diversity patterns by analysing a dataset of 19,886 hauls from 10 to 800 m depth performed annually during the last two decades by standardized scientific bottom trawl field surveys across the Mediterranean Sea, within the MEDITS program. A multi-component (eight diversity indices) and multi-scale (local assemblages, biogeographic regions to basins) approach indicates that only the two most traditional components (species richness and evenness) were sufficient to reflect patterns in taxonomic, phylogenetic or functional richness and divergence. We also put into question the use of widely computed indices that allow comparing directly taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional diversity within a unique mathematical framework. In addition, demersal fish assemblages sampled by trawl do not follow a continuous decreasing longitudinal/latitudinal diversity gradients (spatial effects explained up to 70.6% of deviance in regression tree and generalized linear models), for any of the indices and spatial scales analysed. Indeed, at both local and regional scales species richness was relatively high in the Iberian region, Malta, the Eastern Ionian and Aegean seas, meanwhile the Adriatic Sea and Cyprus showed a relatively low level. In contrast, evenness as well as taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional divergences did not show regional hotspots. All studied diversity components remained stable over the last two decades. Overall, our results highlight the need to use complementary diversity indices through different spatial scales when developing conservation strategies and defining delimitations for protected areas.  
  Adresse Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Split, Croatia  
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  Editeur Elsevier BV Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
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  ISSN 0079-6611 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ 32743 collection 980  
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