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Auteur Villeger, S.; Brosse, S.; Mouchet, M.; Mouillot, D.; Vanni, M.J. doi  openurl
  Titre Functional ecology of fish: current approaches and future challenges Type Article scientifique
  Année 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée Aquat. Sci.  
  Volume (down) 79 Numéro 4 Pages 783-801  
  Mots-Clés biodiversity; centrarchid fishes; coral-reef fishes; dietary-morphological relationships; ecosystem processes; Ecosystem services; fish; food-web; fresh-water fish; functional trait; global change; labrid fishes; life-history strategies; ocean; phosphorus-limitation; population regulation; river  
  Résumé Fish communities face increasing anthropogenic pressures in freshwater and marine ecosystems that modify their biodiversity and threaten the services they supply to human populations. To address these issues, studies have been increasingly focusing on functions of fish that are linked to their main ecological roles in aquatic ecosystems. Fish are indeed known to control other organisms through predation, mediate nutrient fluxes, and can act as ecosystem engineers. Here for each of the key functions played by fish, we present the functional traits that have already been used to assess them. We include traits measurable from observations on living individuals, morphological features measured on preserved organisms or traits categorized using information from the literature, and we discuss their respective advantages and limitations. We then list future research directions to foster a more complete functional approach for fish ecology that needs to incorporate functional traits describing, food provisioning and cultural services while accounting more frequently for intraspecific variability. Finally, we highlight ecological and evolutionary questions that could be addressed using meta-analyses of large trait databases, and how a trait-based framework could provide valuable insights on the mechanistic links between global changes, functional diversity of fish assemblages, and ecosystem services.  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 1015-1621 ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2211  
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Auteur Tran, N.T.; Labonne, M.; Hoang, H.D.; Panfili, J. doi  openurl
  Titre Changes in environmental salinity during the life of Pangasius krempfi in the Mekong Delta (Vietnam) estimated from otolith Sr : Ca ratios Type Article scientifique
  Année 2019 Publication Revue Abrégée Mar. Freshw. Res.  
  Volume (down) 70 Numéro 12 Pages 1734-1746  
  Mots-Clés behaviour; calcium ratios; chemistry; climate change; conservation; diadromous fish; ecosystem services; estuarine; fish otoliths; fresh-water; microchemistry; Pangasiidae; river; strontium; trace-elements  
  Résumé Pangasius krempfi is a commercially important catfish in the Mekong River and is believed to migrate along the Mekong River basin. To verify this migration, elemental concentrations were measured in the water and in otoliths to infer the salinity of the water through the fish's lifetime. In 2017, eight element concentrations were measured along the Mekong Delta using solution-based inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Concentrations of Sr, Li and Rb were strongly and positively correlated with salinity. Otoliths were taken from P. krempfi caught in the brackish waters of the lower Mekong Delta and seven element : Ca ratios were measured from the core to the otolith edge using laser ablation ICP-MS. The Sr : Ca, Ba : Ca, P : Ca and Mn : Ca ratios varied through the lifetime of the fish, but only Sr : Ca was suitable for estimating ambient salinity. The Sr : Ca profiles in otoliths were analysed and significantly correlated between individuals, with all fish hatched in water with very low levels of salinity, indicating a single freshwater spawning ground, and then living in waters with higher salinity, with two types of migration behaviour. Some individuals may return to low-salinity waters when older. These conclusions were supported by the Ba : Ca and Mn : Ca ratios. These migration patterns may have implications for fishery management.  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 1323-1650 ISBN Médium  
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  Notes WOS:000498228100009 Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2674  
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Auteur Hauser, M.; Duponchelle, F.; Hermann, T.W.; Limburg, K.E.; Castello, L.; Stewart, D.J.; Torrente-Vilara, G.; Garcia-Vasquez, A.; Garcia-Davila, C.; Pouilly, M.; Pecheyran, C.; Ponzevera, E.; Renno, J.-F.; Moret, A.S.; Doria, C.R.C. doi  openurl
  Titre Unmasking continental natal homing in goliath catfish from the upper Amazon Type Article scientifique
  Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Freshw. Biol.  
  Volume (down) 65 Numéro 2 Pages 325-336  
  Mots-Clés Brachyplatystoma rousseauxii; brachyplatystoma-rousseauxii; dam impacts; fish; fresh-water; hydropower; microchemistry; migration; otolith; otolith chemistry; pacific salmon; philopatry; river; strontium  
  Résumé Amazonian goliath catfishes are widespread in the Amazon Basin. Recently, otolith Sr-87:Sr-86 analyses using laser ablation-multi-collector-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-MC-ICPMS) revealed a >8,000 km trans-Amazonian natal homing in Brachyplatystoma rousseauxii among fish caught and hatched in the largest Amazon River tributary, the upper Madeira basin. Although also suspected for fish in the upper Amazon, homing could not be demonstrated owing to less distinct environmental Sr-87:Sr-86 gradients along the Amazon mainstem. Using scanning X-ray fluorescence microscopy (SXFM), a separate study provided evidence that Se:Ca and Sr:Ca are useful markers for identifying migration into Andean headwaters and the estuarine environment. We analysed otoliths of known Sr-87:Sr-86 profiles using SXFM mapping to test if Sr:Ca and Se:Ca patterns could demonstrate natal homing for three fish caught in the upper Amazon, using as reference two individuals that were natal homers and two forced residents (hatched after the construction of hydroelectric dams on the Madeira River) from the upper Madeira River. As hypothesised, although the Sr isotope profiles of the upper Amazon individuals were uninformative, two of them presented similar alternating mirror patterns of Sr:Ca and Se:Ca to those of the upper Madeira natal homers, indicating migrations out of the Andean region and into the estuary area. Both were therefore natal homers from the upper Amazon. The third individual from the upper Amazon presented similar Sr:Ca and Se:Ca patterns to those of the upper Madeira residents, suggesting it was a natural resident from the upper Amazon. By combining the results of Sr-87:Sr-86 analyses (LA-MC-ICPMS) and Sr:Ca and Se:Ca mappings (SXFM) that are completely independent of one another, we demonstrated that B. rousseauxii also performs natal homing in the upper Amazon. Our results indicate that the life cycle of B. rousseauxii is more complex than previous literature hypothesised, with the existence of partial migration, even in absence of physical barriers. Quantifying the relative importance of these different life-history strategies will have important implications for fisheries management. Our results also lay the groundwork for conservation efforts in the context of hydropower development in the Amazon Basin and set testable hypotheses of the potential impacts of the Madeira River dams.  
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  ISSN 0046-5070 ISBN Médium  
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  Notes WOS:000501987000001 Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2703  
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Auteur Sellami, I.; Charmantier, G.; Naceur, H.B.; Kacem, A.; Lorin-Nebel, C. doi  openurl
  Titre Osmoregulatory performance and immunolocalization of Na+/K+-ATPase in the branchiopod Artemia salina from the Sebkha of Sidi El Hani (Tunisia) Type Article scientifique
  Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Tissue Cell  
  Volume (down) 63 Numéro Pages Unsp-101340  
  Mots-Clés alpha-subunit; Artemia salina; brine shrimp artemia; fresh-water; homarus-gammarus crustacea; Hypo-osmoregulation; Immunolocalization; ionic regulation; Maxillary glands; Metepipodites; na+,k+-atpase; Na+/K+ -ATPase; ontogeny; osmotic regulation; potential difference; salt-gland  
  Résumé Artemia salina is an extremophile species that tolerates a wide range of salinity, especially hypertonic media considered lethal for the majority of other aquatic species. In this study, A. salina cysts were hatched in the laboratory and nauplii were acclimated at three different salinities (60, 139 and 212 ppt). Once in the adult phase, their hemolymph osmolality was measured. The animals were strong hypo-osmoregulators in the entire range of tested salinities, with up to 10 fold lower hemolymph osmolalities than their surrounding environment. Immunostaining of Na+/K+-ATPase was done on sections and on whole body mounts of adults in order to localize the ionocytes in different organs. An intense Na+/K+-ATPase immunostaining throughout the cells was observed in the epithelium of the ten pairs of metepipodites. A positive immunoreactivity for Na+/K+-ATPase was also detected in the maxillary glands, in the epithelium of the efferent tubule and of the excretory canal, as well as in the anterior digestive tract. This study confirms the strong hypo-osmotic capacity of this species and affords an overview of the different organs involved in osmoregulation in A. salina adults.  
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  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
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  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0040-8166 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes WOS:000522853900012 Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2758  
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Auteur Jeanmougin, M.; Leprieur, F.; Lois, G.; Clergeau, P. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Fine-scale urbanization affects Odonata species diversity in ponds of a megacity (Paris, France) Type Article scientifique
  Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Acta Oecologica-International Journal of Ecology  
  Volume (down) 59 Numéro Pages 26-34  
  Mots-Clés Evenness; Landscape composition; Model averaging; Ponds; Species diversity; Urban ecology; agricultural landscape; comparative biodiversity; conservation; dragonflies odonata; ecology; fresh-water habitat; patterns; richness; selection; urban  
  Résumé Current developments in urban ecology include very few studies focused on pond ecosystems, though ponds are recognized as biodiversity hotspots. Using Odonata as an indicator model, we explored changes in species composition in ponds localized along an urban gradient of a megacity (Paris, France). We then assessed the relative importance of local- and landscape-scale variables in shaping Odonata alpha-diversity patterns using a model-averaging approach. Analyses were performed for adult (A) and adult plus exuviae (AE) census data. At 26 ponds, we recorded 657 adults and 815 exuviae belonging to 17 Odonata species. The results showed that the Odonata species assemblage composition was not determined by pond localization along the urban gradient. Similarly, pond characteristics were found to be similar among urban, suburban and periurban ponds. The analyses of AE census data revealed that fine-scale urbanization (i.e., increased density of buildings surrounding ponds) negatively affects Odonata alpha-diversity. In contrast, pond localization along the urban gradient weakly explained the alpha-diversity patterns. Several local-scale variables, such as the coverage of submerged macrophytes, were found to be significant drivers of Odonata alpha-diversity. Together, these results show that the degree of urbanization around ponds must be considered instead of pond localization along the urban gradient when assessing the potential impacts of urbanization on Odonata species diversity This work also indicates the importance of exuviae sampling in understanding the response of Odonata to urbanization. (C) 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.  
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  ISSN 1146-609x ISBN Médium  
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  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 602  
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