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Auteur Blanchard, J.L.; Coll, M.; Trenkel, V.M.; Vergnon, R.; Yemane, D.; Jouffre, D.; Link, J.S.; Shin, Y.-J.
Titre (up) Trend analysis of indicators : a comparison of recent changes in the status of marine ecosystems around the world Type Article scientifique
Année 2010 Publication Revue Abrégée Ices Journal of Marine Science
Volume 67 Numéro 4 Pages 732-744
Mots-Clés community; ecological indicators; ecosystem-based fisheries management; ecosystem effects of fishing; natural resource management
Résumé Blanchard, J. L., Coll, M., Trenkel, V. M., Vergnon, R., Yemane, D., Jouffre, D., Link, J. S., and Shin, Y-J. 2010. Trend analysis of indicators: a comparison of recent changes in the status of marine ecosystems around the world. – ICES Journal of Marine Science, 67: 732-744.
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Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1054-3139 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
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Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 58
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Auteur BANARU, D.; MELLON, C.; ROOS, D.; BIGOT, J.-L.; SOUPLET, A.; JADAUD, A.; Beaubrun, P.; FROMENTIN, J.-M.
Titre (up) Trophic structure in the Gulf of Lions marine ecosystem (north-western Mediterranean Sea) and fishing impacts Type Article scientifique
Année 2013 Publication Journal Of Marine Systems Revue Abrégée
Volume 111 Numéro Pages 45-68
Mots-Clés Gulf of Lions; Ecopath with Ecosim; Food web; Fishing impacts
Résumé The Gulf of Lions ecosystemwas described using the Ecopath mass-balancemodel to characterise its structure and functioning and to examine the effects of themultispecific fisheries operating in this area. The model is composed of 40 compartments, including 1 group of seabirds, 2 groups of etaceans, 18 groups of fish, 12 groups of invertebrates, 5 groups of primary producers, detritus and discards. Input datawere based on several recurrent scientific surveys, two alternative datasets for fishing data, stock assessment outputs, stomach content analyses and published information. Results showed that the functional groups were organised into five trophic levels with the highest one represented by dolphins, anglerfish, Atlantic bluefin tuna, European hake and European conger. European pilchard and European anchovy dominated in terms of fish biomass and catch. Other fish with high biomass such as Atlantic mackerel and blue whiting were highly important in the food web. Seabirds, dolphins and cuttlefish–squids represented keystone species. Important coupled pelagic–demersal–benthic interactions were described. The 7 different fisheries analysed were operating at mean trophic levels situated between 2.6 for small artisanal boats, and 4.1 for purse seines (>24 m) targeting large pelagic fish, indicating an intensively exploited ecosystem. Large trawlers (24–40 m) had the highest impact on most of the groups considered; while purse seines (12–24 m) targeting small pelagic fish had the lowest impact. Preliminary results highlighted the importance of data sources for further ecosystem and fisheries analyses and management scenarios.
Adresse Univ Montpellier, Ecole Prat Hautes Etud, Montpellier, France.
Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Elsevier Science Bv Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0924-7963 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ 22758 collection 994
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Auteur Shin, Y.-J.; Shannon, L.J.
Titre (up) Using indicators for evaluating, comparing, and communicating the ecological status of exploited marine ecosystems. 1. The IndiSeas project Type Article scientifique
Année 2010 Publication Revue Abrégée Ices Journal of Marine Science
Volume 67 Numéro Pages 686-691
Mots-Clés approach; comparative; ecosystem; Fishing; impacts; indicator; IndiSeas; marine; status
Résumé One of the challenges faced by the scientific community grappling with the ecosystem approach to fisheries is to propose a generic set of synthetic ecological indicators, which would accurately reflect the effects of fisheries on marine ecosystems, and could support sound communication and management practices. The IndiSeas Working Group was established in 2005 under the auspices of the Eur-Oceans Network of Excellence to develop methods to provide indicators-based assessments of the status of exploited marine ecosystems in a comparative framework. Here, we present the two main outputs of the first phase of the project: a suite of papers documenting a combination of indicator-based methods and results comparing the ecological status of the world's exploited marine ecosystems, and a website aiming to communicate these results beyond scientific audiences.
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Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1054-3139 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 106
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Auteur Diaz, E.; Heymans, J.J.; Hill, L.; Johannesen, E.; Jouffre, D.; Kifani, S.; Labrosse, P.; Link, J.S.; Mackinson, S.; Masski, H.; Shin, Y.-J.; Mollmann, C.; Neira, S.; Ojaveer, H.; Abdallahi, K.O.M.; Perry, I.; Thiao, D.; Yemane, D.; Cury, P.; Shannon, L.J.; Bundy, A.; Coll, M.; Aydin, K.; Bez, N.; Blanchard, J.L.; Borges, M.D.; Diallo, I.
Titre (up) Using indicators for evaluating, comparing, and communicating the ecological status of exploited marine ecosystems. 2. Setting the scene Type Article scientifique
Année 2010 Publication Revue Abrégée Ices Journal of Marine Science
Volume 67 Numéro Pages 692-716
Mots-Clés approach; comparative; ecological; ecosystem; ecosystems; effects; exploited; Fishing; indicators; IndiSeas; marine; of
Résumé Background is provided to the selection of ecological indicators by the IndiSeas Working Group, and the methodology adopted for analysis and comparison of indicators across exploited marine ecosystems is documented. The selected indicators are presented, how they are calculated is explained, and the philosophy behind the comparative approach is given. The combination of selected indicators is intended to reflect different dynamics, tracking processes that display differential responses to fishing, and is meant to provide a complementary means of assessing marine ecosystem trends and states. IndiSeas relied on inputs and insights provided by the local experts from participating ecosystems, helping to understand state and trend indicators and to disentangle the effect of other potential ecosystem drivers, such as climate variability. This project showed that the use of simple and available indicators under an ecosystem approach can achieve a real, wide-reaching evaluation of marine ecosystem status caused by fishing. This is important because the socio-economics of areas where fishing activities develop differs significantly around the globe, and in many countries, insufficient data are available for complex and exhaustive analyses.
Adresse
Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1054-3139 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 67
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Auteur Shin, Y.-J.; Shannon, L.J.; Bundy, A.; Coll, M.; Aydin, K.; Bez, N.; Blanchard, J.L.; Borges, M.D.; Diallo, I.; Diaz, E.; Heymans, J.J.; Hill, L.; Johannesen, E.; Jouffre, D.; Kifani, S.; Labrosse, P.; Link, J.S.; Mackinson, S.; Masski, H.; Mollmann, C.; Neira, S.; Ojaveer, H.; Abdallahi, K.O.M.; Perry, I.; Thiao, D.; Yemane, D.; Cury, P.
Titre (up) Using indicators for evaluating, comparing, and communicating the ecological status of exploited marine ecosystems. 2. Setting the scene Type Article scientifique
Année 2010 Publication Revue Abrégée Ices Journal of Marine Science
Volume 67 Numéro 4 Pages 692-716
Mots-Clés comparative approach; ecological indicators; ecosystem effects of fishing; exploited marine ecosystems; IndiSeas
Résumé Background is provided to the selection of ecological indicators by the IndiSeas Working Group, and the methodology adopted for analysis and comparison of indicators across exploited marine ecosystems is documented. The selected indicators are presented, how they are calculated is explained, and the philosophy behind the comparative approach is given. The combination of selected indicators is intended to reflect different dynamics, tracking processes that display differential responses to fishing, and is meant to provide a complementary means of assessing marine ecosystem trends and states. IndiSeas relied on inputs and insights provided by the local experts from participating ecosystems, helping to understand state and trend indicators and to disentangle the effect of other potential ecosystem drivers, such as climate variability. This project showed that the use of simple and available indicators under an ecosystem approach can achieve a real, wide-reaching evaluation of marine ecosystem status caused by fishing. This is important because the socio-economics of areas where fishing activities develop differs significantly around the globe, and in many countries, insufficient data are available for complex and exhaustive analyses.
Adresse
Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1054-3139 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 107
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