bascule de visibilité Search & Display Options

Tout Sélectionner    Désélectionner
 |   | 
Détails
   print
  Enregistrements Liens
Auteur Jacquet, C.; Mouillot, D.; Kulbicki, M.; Gravel, D. doi  openurl
  Titre (up) Extensions of Island Biogeography Theory predict the scaling of functional trait composition with habitat area and isolation Type Article scientifique
  Année 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée Ecol. Lett.  
  Volume 20 Numéro 2 Pages 135-146  
  Mots-Clés Allometric theory; animal abundance; body-size; body-size distributions; complex food webs; coral-reef fishes; diversity; Ecology; evolution; Food web; global patterns; island biogeography; population-density; species richness; tropical reefs  
  Résumé The Theory of Island Biogeography (TIB) predicts how area and isolation influence species richness equilibrium on insular habitats. However, the TIB remains silent about functional trait composition and provides no information on the scaling of functional diversity with area, an observation that is now documented in many systems. To fill this gap, we develop a probabilistic approach to predict the distribution of a trait as a function of habitat area and isolation, extending the TIB beyond the traditional species-area relationship. We compare model predictions to the body-size distribution of piscivorous and herbivorous fishes found on tropical reefs worldwide. We find that small and isolated reefs have a higher proportion of large-sized species than large and connected reefs. We also find that knowledge of species body-size and trophic position improves the predictions of fish occupancy on tropical reefs, supporting both the allometric and trophic theory of island biogeography. The integration of functional ecology to island biogeography is broadly applicable to any functional traits and provides a general probabilistic approach to study the scaling of trait distribution with habitat area and isolation.  
  Adresse  
  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 1461-023x ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2087  
Lien permanent pour cet enregistrement
 

 
Auteur Filmalter, J.D.; Cowley, P.D.; Potier, M.; Menard, F.; Smale, M.J.; Cherel, Y.; Dagorn, L. doi  openurl
  Titre (up) Feeding ecology of silky sharks Carcharhinus falciformis associated with floating objects in the western Indian Ocean Type Article scientifique
  Année 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée J. Fish Biol.  
  Volume 90 Numéro 4 Pages 1321-1337  
  Mots-Clés atlantic; By-catch; diet; ecosystem; fad; fish aggregating devices; fish aggregation device; food-consumption; isurus-oxyrinchus; pacific-ocean; pelagic fishes; Pelagic shark; Purse-seine fishery; shortfin mako; Yellowfin tuna  
  Résumé The silky shark Carcharhinus falciformis is commonly associated with floating objects, including fish aggregating devices (FADs), in the Indian Ocean. While the motives for this associative behaviour are unclear, it does make them vulnerable to capture in the tuna purse seine fishery that makes extensive use of FADs. Here, the diet of 323 C. falciformis, caught at FADs in the Indian Ocean, was investigated to test the hypothesis that trophic benefits explain the associative behaviour. A high proportion of stomachs with fresh contents (57%) suggested that extensive feeding activity occurred while associated with FADs. Multiple dietary indices showed that typical non-associative prey types dominated, but were supplemented with fishes typically found at FADs. While the trophic benefits of FAD association may be substantial, our results suggest that associative behaviour is not driven solely by feeding. (C) 2016 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles  
  Adresse  
  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0022-1112 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2142  
Lien permanent pour cet enregistrement
 

 
Auteur Trystram, C.; Rogers, K.M.; Soria, M.; Jaquemet, S. doi  openurl
  Titre (up) Feeding patterns of two sympatric shark predators in coastal ecosystems of an oceanic island Type Article scientifique
  Année 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci.  
  Volume 74 Numéro 2 Pages 216-227  
  Mots-Clés Bull shark; carcharhinus-leucas; elasmobranch fishes; galeocerdo-cuvier; individual specialization; Reunion island; south-africa; stable-isotope analyses; tiger shark; western indian-ocean  
  Résumé Stomach contents and stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analyses (delta C-13 and delta N-15) were used to investigate the trophic ecology of two apex predators, tiger sharks (Galeocerdo cuvier) and bull sharks (Carcharhinus leucas), from Reunion Island to describe their dietary habits at both the population and individual levels. In this oceanic island, the tiger and bull sharks were more piscivorous and teutophagous than noted in previous research from other localities. The delta C-13 values suggested that bull sharks depended on more neritic organic matter sources than tiger sharks, confirming a coastal habitat preference for bull sharks. Moreover, the total length of the bull shark influenced delta C-13 values, with smaller individuals being more coastal than larger individuals. All indicators suggest that there is a higher degree of similarity between individual tiger sharks compared with the more heterogeneous bull shark population, which is composed of individuals who specialize on different prey. These results suggest that the two species have different functions in these coastal habitats, and thus, they must be considered independently in terms of conservation and management.  
  Adresse  
  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0706-652x ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2111  
Lien permanent pour cet enregistrement
 

 
Auteur Mérigot, B.; Frédou, F.L.; Viana, A.P.; Ferreira, B.P.; do Nascimento Costa Junior, E.; Beserra da Silva Júnior, C.A.; Frédou, T. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre (up) Fish assemblages in tropical estuaries of northeast Brazil: A multi-component diversity approach Type Article scientifique
  Année 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée Ocean & Coastal Management  
  Volume 143 Numéro Pages 175-183  
  Mots-Clés Diversity indices; Double principal coordinate analysis; ecosystem-based fisheries management; Estuaries; Fishes; monitoring; taxonomic diversity  
  Résumé Biodiversity in estuarine ecosystems suffers from the impact of environmental changes and human activities. This mainly involves changes in temperature, salinity, pollution, habitat degradation or loss and fishing activities. The diversity of species communities is traditionally assessed on the basis of their species richness and composition. However, there is growing interest in taking into account complementary components dealing with species differences (e.g. taxonomic relatedness). In spite of their social, ecological and economic importance, the diversity of tropical estuarine fish assemblages has rarely been monitored by means of a multi-component approach under different human pressure and environmental conditions. We analysed the diversity of exploited fish communities (both target and non-target species) sampled during scientific surveys within four estuarine complexes in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil: Itapissuma, Suape, Sirinhaém, and Rio Formoso. A total of 122 species were collected within 34 samples. Overall, diversity indices and species models fitting dominance-evenness profiles mainly revealed differences between assemblages from Itapissuma, being the largest estuary with wide areas of mangrove, and the other estuaries. While assemblages from Itapissuma generally encompassed more species and individuals than the other estuaries, species were more closely related from a taxonomic point of view. In addition, a Double Principal Coordinate Analysis (DPCoA) established a typology of assemblages, useful for management purposes, and linked to particular fish families: it highlighted differences between Itapissuma, Suape, Sirinhaém and Rio Formoso. This method combines matrices of species abundances and differences (here taxonomic distances according to the Linnean classification). It was particularly accurate with a first factorial plane explaining 73% of the total inertia, while only 17% was achieved by a traditional Principal Component Analysis (PCA). Overall, this study provides an assessment of the state of fish assemblage diversity in Pernambuco estuaries where contrasted human and environmental conditions occur. It underscores the accuracy of using a multi-component diversity approach, with a multivariate analysis that is not yet widely used, for monitoring the diversity of estuaries for ecosystem-based fisheries management purposes.  
  Adresse  
  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
  Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection The challenge of developing policies and management strategies under changing baselines and unbounded boundaries Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection 143 Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0964-5691 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2137  
Lien permanent pour cet enregistrement
 

 
Auteur Brosse, S.; Beauchard, O.; Blanchet, S.; Dürr, H.H.; Grenouillet, G.; Hugueny, B.; Lauzeral, C.; Leprieur, F.; Tedesco, P.A.; Villeger, S.; Oberdorff, T. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre (up) Fish-SPRICH: a database of freshwater fish species richness throughout the World Type Article scientifique
  Année 2013 Publication Revue Abrégée Hydrobiologia  
  Volume 700 Numéro 1 Pages 343-349  
  Mots-Clés Endemic; Global extent; Native; Non-native; River drainage basin; fishes  
  Résumé There is growing interest in large-scale approaches to ecology, for both plants and animals. In particular, macroecological studies enable examination of the patterns and determinants of species richness of a variety of groups of organism throughout the world, which might have important implications for prediction and mitigation of the consequences of global change. Here, we provide richness data for freshwater fishes, which, with more than 13,000 described species, comprise a quarter of all vertebrate species. We conducted an extensive literature survey of native, non-native (exotic), and endemic freshwater fish species richness. The resulting database, called Fish-SPRICH, contains data from more than 400 bibliographic sources including published papers, books, and grey literature sources. Fish-SPRICH contains richness values at the river basin grain for 1,054 river basins covering more than 80% of the earth's continental surface. This database is currently the most comprehensive global database of native, non-native and endemic freshwater fish richness available at the river basin grain.  
  Adresse  
  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0018-8158 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 604  
Lien permanent pour cet enregistrement
Tout Sélectionner    Désélectionner
 |   | 
Détails
   print

Save Citations:
Export Records: