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Auteur Bourdaud, P.; Ben Rais Lasram, F.; Araignous, E.; Champagnat, J.; Grusd, S.; Halouani, G.; Hattab, T.; Leroy, B.; Nogues, Q.; Raoux, A.; Safi, G.; Niquil, N.
Titre Impacts of climate change on the Bay of Seine ecosystem: Forcing a spatio-temporal trophic model with predictions from an ecological niche model Type Article scientifique
Année 2021 Publication Revue Abrégée Fish Oceanogr.
Volume Numéro Pages
Mots-Clés climate change; ecological niche modelling; Ecospace; fisheries; trophic interactions
Résumé Climate change is already known to cause irreversible impacts on ecosystems that are difficult to accurately predict due to the multiple scales at which it will interact. Predictions at the community level are mainly focused on the future distribution of marine species biomass using ecological niche modelling, which requires extensive efforts concerning the effects that trophic interactions could have on the realized species dynamics. In this study, a set of species distribution models predictions were used to force the spatially-explicit trophic model Ecospace in order to evaluate the potentials impacts that two 2,100 climate scenarios, RCP2.6 and RCP8.5, could have on a highly exploited ecosystem, the Bay of Seine (France). Simulations demonstrated that both scenarios would influence the community of the Bay of Seine ecosystem: as expected, more intense changes were predicted with the extreme scenario RCP8.5 than with the RCP2.6 scenario. Under both scenarios, a majority of species underwent a decrease of biomass, although some increased. However, in both cases the stability of the majority of species dynamics was lowered, the sustainability of the fishery. Differences between niche modelling predictions and those obtained through the forcing in Ecospace highlighted the paramount importance of considering trophic interactions in climate change simulations. These results illustrate the requirement of multiplying novel approaches for efficiently forecasting potential impacts of climate change.
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Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1054-6006 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes WOS:000623888200001 Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2992
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Auteur Christensen, V.; Coll, M.; Steenbeek, J.; Buszowski, J.; Chagaris, D.; Walters, C.J.
Titre Representing Variable Habitat Quality in a Spatial Food Web Model Type Article scientifique
Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Ecosystems
Volume 17 Numéro 8 Pages 1397-1412
Mots-Clés Ecology; Ecopath; ecospace; Environmental Management; food web model; foraging capacity model; Geoecology/Natural Processes; habitat modeling; Hydrology/Water Resources; Plant Sciences; sampling; simulation model; species distribution model; Zoology
Résumé Why are marine species where they are? The scientific community is faced with an urgent need to understand aquatic ecosystem dynamics in the context of global change. This requires development of scientific tools with the capability to predict how biodiversity, natural resources, and ecosystem services will change in response to stressors such as climate change and further expansion of fishing. Species distribution models and ecosystem models are two methodologies that are being developed to further this understanding. To date, these methodologies offer limited capabilities to work jointly to produce integrated assessments that take both food web dynamics and spatial-temporal environmental variability into account. We here present a new habitat capacity model as an implementation of the spatial-temporal model Ecospace of the Ecopath with Ecosim approach. The new model offers the ability to drive foraging capacity of species from the cumulative impacts of multiple physical, oceanographic, and environmental factors such as depth, bottom type, temperature, salinity, oxygen concentrations, and so on. We use a simulation modeling procedure to evaluate sampling characteristics of the new habitat capacity model. This development bridges the gap between envelope environmental models and classic ecosystem food web models, progressing toward the ability to predict changes in marine ecosystems under scenarios of global change and explicitly taking food web direct and indirect interactions into account.
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ISSN 1432-9840, 1435-0629 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1196
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Auteur Coll, M.; Steenbeek, J.
Titre Standardized ecological indicators to assess aquatic food webs: The ECOIND software plug-in for Ecopath with Ecosim models Type Article scientifique
Année 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée Environ. Modell. Softw.
Volume 89 Numéro Pages 120-130
Mots-Clés biodiversity; Conservation; Ecological standardized indicators; Ecopath with Ecosim; ecospace; Ecosystem indicators; Environmental status; Fisheries management; Food web models; impacts; index; marine ecosystems; Mediterranean Sea; network analysis; ocean; Software plug-in
Résumé Ecological indicators are useful tools to analyse and communicate historical changes in ecosystems and plausible future scenarios while evaluating environmental status. Here we introduce a new plug-in to the Ecopath with Ecosim (EwE) food web modelling approach, which is widely used to quantitatively describe aquatic ecosystems. The plug-in (ECOIND) calculates standardized ecological indicators. We describe the primary functionality of ECOIND and provide an example of its application in both static and temporal-spatial dynamic modelling, while we highlight several related features including a new taxonomy input database (species traits) and the ability to analyse input uncertainty on output results. ECOIND adds new capabilities to the widely used EwE food web modelling approach and enables broadening its applications into biodiversity and conservation-based frameworks to contribute to integrated ecosystem analyses. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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ISSN 1364-8152 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2088
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Auteur Coll, M.; Akoglu, E.; Arreguín-Sánchez, F.; Fulton, E.A.; Gascuel, D.; Heymans, J.J.; Libralato, S.; Mackinson, S.; Palomera, I.; Piroddi, C.; Shannon, L.J.; Steenbeek, J.; Villasante, S.; Christensen, V.
Titre Modelling dynamic ecosystems: venturing beyond boundaries with the Ecopath approach Type Article scientifique
Année 2015 Publication Revue Abrégée Rev Fish Biol Fisheries
Volume 25 Numéro 2 Pages 413-424
Mots-Clés conservation; Cumulative impacts; Ecopath with Ecosim; ecospace; ecosystem-based management; ecosystem modelling; End-to-end modelling; Environmental impact assessment; fishing impacts; Freshwater & Marine Ecology; Zoology
Résumé Thirty years of progress using the Ecopath with Ecosim (EwE) approach in different fields such as ecosystem impacts of fishing and climate change, emergent ecosystem dynamics, ecosystem-based management, and marine conservation and spatial planning were showcased November 2014 at the conference “Ecopath 30 years-modelling dynamic ecosystems: beyond boundaries with EwE”. Exciting new developments include temporal-spatial and end-to-end modelling, as well as novel applications to environmental impact analyses, in both aquatic and terrestrial domains. A wide range of plug-ins have been added to extend the diagnostic capabilities of EwE, and the scientific community is applying EwE to a diversified range of topics besides fishing impact assessments, such as the development of scientific advice for management, the analysis of conservation issues, and the evaluation of cumulative impacts of environmental and human activities in marine food webs (including habitat modification and the invasion of alien species). Especially promising is the new potential to include the EwE model in integrated assessments with other models such as those related to climate change research. However, there are still many challenges, including the communication of scientific results in management procedures. In addition, other important scientific issues are how to improve model result validation and perform model quality control. During the conference, the Ecopath International Research and Development Consortium was presented as a way for the EwE user community to become involved in the long-term sustainability of the EwE approach. Overall, exciting times are facing the ecosystem modelling scientific community, and as illustrated by the conference: synergistic cooperation is the future path for the EwE approach.
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ISSN 0960-3166, 1573-5184 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1249
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Auteur METCALFE, K.; VAZ, S.; ENGELHARD, G.H.; VILLANUEVA, C.-M.; SMITH, R.J.; MACKINSON, S.
Titre Evaluating conservation and fisheries management strategies by linking spatial prioritization software and ecosystem and fisheries modelling tools Type Article scientifique
Année 2015 Publication Revue Abrégée Journal Of Applied Ecology
Volume 52 Numéro 3 Pages 665-674
Mots-Clés Ecopath with Ecosim; Ecospace; marine spatial zoning; marine trophic index; Marxan; Marxan with Zones; systematic conservation planning
Résumé Well-designed marine protected area (MPA) networks can deliver a range of ecological, economic and social benefits, and so a great deal of research has focused on developing spatial conservation prioritization tools to help identify important areas. However, whilst these software tools are designed to identify MPA networks that both represent biodiversity and minimize impacts on stakeholders, they do not consider complex ecological processes. Thus, it is difficult to determine the impacts that proposed MPAs could have on marine ecosystem health, fisheries and fisheries sustainability. Using the eastern English Channel as a case study, this paper explores an approach to address these issues by identifying a series of MPA networks using the Marxan and Marxan with Zones conservation planning software and linking them with a spatially explicit ecosystem model developed in Ecopath with Ecosim. We then use these to investigate potential trade-offs associated with adopting different MPA management strategies. Limited-take MPAs, which restrict the use of some fishing gears, could have positive benefits for conservation and fisheries in the eastern English Channel, even though they generally receive far less attention in research on MPA network design. Our findings, however, also clearly indicate that no-take MPAs should form an integral component of proposed MPA networks in the eastern English Channel, as they not only result in substantial increases in ecosystem biomass, fisheries catches and the biomass of commercially valuable target species, but are fundamental to maintaining the sustainability of the fisheries. Synthesis and applications. Using the existing software tools Marxan with Zones and Ecopath with Ecosim in combination provides a powerful policy-screening approach. This could help inform marine spatial planning by identifying potential conflicts and by designing new regulations that better balance conservation objectives and stakeholder interests. In addition, it highlights that appropriate combinations of no-take and limited-take marine protected areas might be the most effective when making trade-offs between long-term ecological benefits and short-term political acceptability.
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Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 0021-8901 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 1459
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