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Auteur Mellin, C.; Mouillot, D.; Kulbicki, M.; McClanahan, T.R.; Vigliola, L.; Bradshaw, C.J.A.; Brainard, R.E.; Chabanet, P.; Edgar, G.J.; Fordham, D.A.; Friedlander, A.M.; Parravicini, V.; Sequeira, A.M.M.; Stuart-Smith, R.D.; Wantiez, L.; Caley, M.J. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Humans and seasonal climate variability threaten large-bodied coral reef fish with small ranges Type Article scientifique
  Année 2016 Publication Revue Abrégée Nat Commun  
  Volume 7 Numéro Pages 10491  
  Mots-Clés Biological sciences; Ecology; Oceanography  
  Résumé Coral reefs are among the most species-rich and threatened ecosystems on Earth, yet the extent to which human stressors determine species occurrences, compared with biogeography or environmental conditions, remains largely unknown. With ever-increasing human-mediated disturbances on these ecosystems, an important question is not only how many species can inhabit local communities, but also which biological traits determine species that can persist (or not) above particular disturbance thresholds. Here we show that human pressure and seasonal climate variability are disproportionately and negatively associated with the occurrence of large-bodied and geographically small-ranging fishes within local coral reef communities. These species are 67% less likely to occur where human impact and temperature seasonality exceed critical thresholds, such as in the marine biodiversity hotspot: the Coral Triangle. Our results identify the most sensitive species and critical thresholds of human and climatic stressors, providing opportunity for targeted conservation intervention to prevent local extinctions.  
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  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN (up) ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1537  
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Auteur Bertrand, A.; Grados, D.; Colas, F.; Bertrand, S.; Capet, X.; Chaigneau, A.; Vargas, G.; Mousseigne, A.; Fablet, R. url  doi
openurl 
  Titre Broad impacts of fine-scale dynamics on seascape structure from zooplankton to seabirds Type Article scientifique
  Année 2014 Publication Revue Abrégée Nat Commun  
  Volume 5 Numéro Pages  
  Mots-Clés Biological sciences; Ecology; Oceanography  
  Résumé In marine ecosystems, like most natural systems, patchiness is the rule. A characteristic of pelagic ecosystems is that their ‘substrate’ consists of constantly moving water masses, where ocean surface turbulence creates ephemeral oases. Identifying where and when hotspots occur and how predators manage those vagaries in their preyscape is challenging because wide-ranging observations are lacking. Here we use a unique data set, gathering high-resolution and wide-range acoustic and GPS-tracking data. We show that the upper ocean dynamics at scales less than 10 km play the foremost role in shaping the seascape from zooplankton to seabirds. Short internal waves (100 m–1 km) play a major role, while submesoscale (~1–20 km) and mesoscale (~20–100 km) turbulence have a comparatively modest effect. Predicted changes in surface stratification due to global change are expected to have an impact on the number and intensity of physical structures and thus biological interactions from plankton to top predators.  
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  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
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  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel LL @ pixluser @ collection 389  
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Auteur Joux, F.; Bertrand, J.-C.; De Wit, R.; Grossi, V.; Intertaglia, L.; Lebaron, P.; Michotey, V.; Normand, P.; Peyret, P.; Raimbault, P.; Tamburini, C.; Urios, L. url  isbn
openurl 
  Titre Methods for Studying Microorganisms in the Environment Type Chapitre de livre
  Année 2015 Publication Revue Abrégée  
  Volume Numéro Pages 757-829  
  Mots-Clés Bacterial isolation; Biomarkers; Cultural techniques; Cytometry; DNA microarray; Microbial activities; Microbial Ecology; Microelectrodes; Molecular fingerprints; Pcr; Phospholipid fatty acid analyses; Pigment analyses; Sampling techniques  
  Résumé The main methods for the study of microorganisms in the environment (water, soil, sediment, biofilms), the different techniques of sampling for measuring biomass, the activities, and the diversity of the microorganisms are presented. To respond to these various issues, techniques as varied as those of flow cytometry, molecular biology, biochemistry, molecular isotopic tools, or electrochemistry are implemented. These different techniques are described with their advantages and disadvantages for different types of biotopes. The question of the isolation, culture, and conservation of microorganisms from the environment are also addressed. Without being exhaustive, this chapter emphasizes the importance of using appropriate and efficient methodological tools to properly explore the still mysterious compartment of microorganisms in the environment.  
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  Editeur Springer Netherlands Lieu de Publication Éditeur Bertrand, J.-C.; Caumette, P.; Lebaron, P.; Matheron, R.; Normand, P.; Sime-Ngando, T.  
  Langue en Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé Environmental Microbiology: Fundamentals and Applications  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN (up) ISBN 978-94-017-9117-5 978-94-017-9118-2 Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1393  
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Auteur Mostajir, B.; Amblard, C.; Buffan-Dubau, E.; De Wit, R.; Lensi, R.; Sime-Ngando, T. url  isbn
openurl 
  Titre Microbial Food Webs in Aquatic and Terrestrial Ecosystems Type Chapitre de livre
  Année 2015 Publication Revue Abrégée  
  Volume Numéro Pages 485-509  
  Mots-Clés Biodiversity; Biogeochemical cycles; Ecological interactions; Microbial Ecology; Microbial food webs; Microbial loop  
  Résumé In microbial food webs, different types of interactions occur between microorganisms themselves and with meio- and macroorganisms. After an historical and general introduction, the biological components of the microbial food webs in the pelagic and benthic marine and lake ecosystems, as well as in the terrestrial ecosystems, are presented. The functioning of the microbial food webs in different ecosystems is illustrated and explained, including the trophic pathways and transfer of matter from microbial food webs toward meio- and macroorganisms of the superior trophic levels, the nutrient recycling in the aquatic environments, and the decomposition of organic matter in soils. Finally, the factors regulating microbial food webs, primarily “top-down” and “bottom-up” controls, are described with a special focus on the role of viruses in the aquatic microbial food webs.  
  Adresse  
  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Springer Netherlands Lieu de Publication Éditeur Bertrand, J.-C.; Caumette, P.; Lebaron, P.; Matheron, R.; Normand, P.; Sime-Ngando, T.  
  Langue en Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé Environmental Microbiology: Fundamentals and Applications  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN (up) ISBN 978-94-017-9117-5 978-94-017-9118-2 Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1394  
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Auteur Poggiale, J.-C.; Dantigny, P.; De Wit, R.; Steinberg, C. url  isbn
openurl 
  Titre Modeling in Microbial Ecology Type Chapitre de livre
  Année 2015 Publication Revue Abrégée  
  Volume Numéro Pages 847-882  
  Mots-Clés Biofilm models; Biotic interactions; Chemostat; Fermenter models; Metabolic models; Microbial Ecology; Population dynamics  
  Résumé The bases and the principles of modeling in microbial community ecology and biogeochemistry are presented and discussed. Several examples are given. Among them, the fermentation process is largely developed, thus demonstrating how the model allows determining the microbial population growth rate, the death rate, and the maintenance rate. More generally, these models have been used to increase the development of bioenergetic formulations which are presently used in biogeochemical models (Monod, Droop, DEB models). Different types of interactions (competition, predation, and virus–bacteria) are also developed. For each topic, a complete view of the models used in the literature cannot be presented. Consequently, the focus has been done on the demonstration how to build a model instead of providing a long list of existing models. Some recent results in sediment biogeochemistry are provided to illustrate the application of such models.  
  Adresse  
  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Springer Netherlands Lieu de Publication Éditeur Bertrand, J.-C.; Caumette, P.; Lebaron, P.; Matheron, R.; Normand, P.; Sime-Ngando, T.  
  Langue en Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé Environmental Microbiology: Fundamentals and Applications  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN (up) ISBN 978-94-017-9117-5 978-94-017-9118-2 Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1395  
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