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Auteur REYGONDEAU, G.; MAURY, O.; BEAUGRAND, G.; FROMENTIN, J.-M.; FONTENEAU, A.; CURY, P. url  openurl
  Titre Biogeography of tuna and billfish communities Type Article scientifique
  Année 2012 Publication Journal Of Biogeography Revue Abrégée (up)  
  Volume 39 Numéro 1 Pages 114-129  
  Mots-Clés Biogeochemical provinces; global ocean; Istiophorus; Katsuwonus; macroecology; Makaira; marine biogeography; Tetrapturus; Thunnus; Xiphias  
  Résumé Aim The aims of this study were: (1) to identify global communities of tuna and billfish species through quantitative statistical analyses of global fisheries data; (2) to describe the spatial distribution, main environmental drivers and species composition of each community detected; and (3) to determine whether the spatial distribution of each community could be linked to the environmental conditions that affect lower trophic levels by comparing the partitions identified in this study with Longhursts biogeochemical provinces. Location The global ocean from 60 degrees S to 65 degrees N. Methods We implemented a new numerical procedure based on a hierarchical clustering method and a nonparametric probabilistic test to divide the oceanic biosphere into biomes and ecoregions. This procedure was applied to a database that comprised standardized data on commercial longline catches for 15 different species of tuna and billfish over a period of more than 50 years (i.e. 1953-2007). For each ecoregion identified (i.e. characteristic tuna and billfish community), we analysed the relationships between species composition and environmental factors. Finally, we compared the biogeochemical provinces of Longhurst with the ecoregions that we identified. Results Tuna and billfish species form nine well-defined communities across the global ocean. Each community occurs in regions with specific environmental conditions and shows a distinctive species composition. High similarity (68.8% homogeneity) between the spatial distribution of the communities of tuna and billfish and the biogeochemical provinces suggests a strong relationship between these species and the physical and chemical characteristics of the global ocean. Main conclusions Despite their high tolerance for a wide range of environmental conditions, these highly migratory species are partitioned into clear geographical communities in the ocean at a global scale. The similarity between biogeochemical and biotic divisions in the ocean suggests that the global ocean is a mosaic of large biogeographical ecosystems, each characterized by specific environmental conditions that have a strong effect on the composition of the trophic web.  
  Adresse IFREMER, Ctr Rech Halieut Mediterraneennes & Trop, UMR EME 212, F-34203 Sete, France.  
  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Wiley-blackwell Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
  Langue Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 0305-0270 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ 17141 collection 1002  
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Auteur Joux, F.; Bertrand, J.-C.; De Wit, R.; Grossi, V.; Intertaglia, L.; Lebaron, P.; Michotey, V.; Normand, P.; Peyret, P.; Raimbault, P.; Tamburini, C.; Urios, L. url  isbn
openurl 
  Titre Methods for Studying Microorganisms in the Environment Type Chapitre de livre
  Année 2015 Publication Revue Abrégée (up)  
  Volume Numéro Pages 757-829  
  Mots-Clés Bacterial isolation; Biomarkers; Cultural techniques; Cytometry; DNA microarray; Microbial activities; Microbial Ecology; Microelectrodes; Molecular fingerprints; Pcr; Phospholipid fatty acid analyses; Pigment analyses; Sampling techniques  
  Résumé The main methods for the study of microorganisms in the environment (water, soil, sediment, biofilms), the different techniques of sampling for measuring biomass, the activities, and the diversity of the microorganisms are presented. To respond to these various issues, techniques as varied as those of flow cytometry, molecular biology, biochemistry, molecular isotopic tools, or electrochemistry are implemented. These different techniques are described with their advantages and disadvantages for different types of biotopes. The question of the isolation, culture, and conservation of microorganisms from the environment are also addressed. Without being exhaustive, this chapter emphasizes the importance of using appropriate and efficient methodological tools to properly explore the still mysterious compartment of microorganisms in the environment.  
  Adresse  
  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Springer Netherlands Lieu de Publication Éditeur Bertrand, J.-C.; Caumette, P.; Lebaron, P.; Matheron, R.; Normand, P.; Sime-Ngando, T.  
  Langue en Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé Environmental Microbiology: Fundamentals and Applications  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-94-017-9117-5 978-94-017-9118-2 Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1393  
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Auteur Mostajir, B.; Amblard, C.; Buffan-Dubau, E.; De Wit, R.; Lensi, R.; Sime-Ngando, T. url  isbn
openurl 
  Titre Microbial Food Webs in Aquatic and Terrestrial Ecosystems Type Chapitre de livre
  Année 2015 Publication Revue Abrégée (up)  
  Volume Numéro Pages 485-509  
  Mots-Clés Biodiversity; Biogeochemical cycles; Ecological interactions; Microbial Ecology; Microbial food webs; Microbial loop  
  Résumé In microbial food webs, different types of interactions occur between microorganisms themselves and with meio- and macroorganisms. After an historical and general introduction, the biological components of the microbial food webs in the pelagic and benthic marine and lake ecosystems, as well as in the terrestrial ecosystems, are presented. The functioning of the microbial food webs in different ecosystems is illustrated and explained, including the trophic pathways and transfer of matter from microbial food webs toward meio- and macroorganisms of the superior trophic levels, the nutrient recycling in the aquatic environments, and the decomposition of organic matter in soils. Finally, the factors regulating microbial food webs, primarily “top-down” and “bottom-up” controls, are described with a special focus on the role of viruses in the aquatic microbial food webs.  
  Adresse  
  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Springer Netherlands Lieu de Publication Éditeur Bertrand, J.-C.; Caumette, P.; Lebaron, P.; Matheron, R.; Normand, P.; Sime-Ngando, T.  
  Langue en Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé Environmental Microbiology: Fundamentals and Applications  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-94-017-9117-5 978-94-017-9118-2 Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1394  
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Auteur Poggiale, J.-C.; Dantigny, P.; De Wit, R.; Steinberg, C. url  isbn
openurl 
  Titre Modeling in Microbial Ecology Type Chapitre de livre
  Année 2015 Publication Revue Abrégée (up)  
  Volume Numéro Pages 847-882  
  Mots-Clés Biofilm models; Biotic interactions; Chemostat; Fermenter models; Metabolic models; Microbial Ecology; Population dynamics  
  Résumé The bases and the principles of modeling in microbial community ecology and biogeochemistry are presented and discussed. Several examples are given. Among them, the fermentation process is largely developed, thus demonstrating how the model allows determining the microbial population growth rate, the death rate, and the maintenance rate. More generally, these models have been used to increase the development of bioenergetic formulations which are presently used in biogeochemical models (Monod, Droop, DEB models). Different types of interactions (competition, predation, and virus–bacteria) are also developed. For each topic, a complete view of the models used in the literature cannot be presented. Consequently, the focus has been done on the demonstration how to build a model instead of providing a long list of existing models. Some recent results in sediment biogeochemistry are provided to illustrate the application of such models.  
  Adresse  
  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Springer Netherlands Lieu de Publication Éditeur Bertrand, J.-C.; Caumette, P.; Lebaron, P.; Matheron, R.; Normand, P.; Sime-Ngando, T.  
  Langue en Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé Environmental Microbiology: Fundamentals and Applications  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-94-017-9117-5 978-94-017-9118-2 Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1395  
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Auteur Legras, G.; Loiseau, N.; Gaertner, J.-C. doi  openurl
  Titre Functional richness: Overview of indices and underlying concepts Type Article scientifique
  Année 2018 Publication Revue Abrégée (up) Acta Oecol.-Int. J. Ecol.  
  Volume 87 Numéro Pages 34-44  
  Mots-Clés biodiversity; community composition; diversity indexes; ecology; ecosystem processes; fish communities; Functional richness indices; Guidelines; Index properties; intraspecific trait variation; Limitations; phylogenetic diversity; species richness; variability  
  Résumé Functional richness, currently defined as the amount of niche space occupied by the species within a community, is one of the three major components of functional diversity. Different indices have been developed in order to quantify this component. However, the range of indices available for assessing functional richness, often mathematically complex and based on different rationales, can cause confusion for field ecologists and lead to misinterpretation of the results obtained. In this context, we have provided the first study exclusively focused on the comparison of the definitions, advantages and drawbacks of a large set of functional richness indices. The first part of this work is focused on four indices (FDP&G, FRic, TOP and N-hypervolumes indices) that are currently the most commonly used for assessing functional richness. We have completed our study by including recently developed indices that enable us to take into account the intraspecific trait variability (i.e. FRim index and TDP framework), because there is currently a growing scientific consensus regarding the necessity of including this aspect in the assessment of the functional diversity of communities. We demonstrate that although authors have argued that their index describes the functional richness, each of them describes only part of it, and this part may strongly differ from one index to another. Rather than advocating the general use of a single index and/or systematically avoiding others, our study highlights the need for selecting indices in close relation with the context, the available data and the aims of each study. Such a strategy is an essential preliminary step for preventing misunderstanding and artefactual controversies. Along these lines, we propose some guidelines to help users in selecting the most appropriate indices according both to the facet of functional richness on which they wish to focus and to the characteristics of the available data.  
  Adresse  
  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 1146-609x ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2323  
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