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Auteur Ben Othman, H.; Pringault, O.; Louati, H.; Hlaili, A.S.; Leboulanger, C.
Titre Impact of contaminated sediment elutriate on coastal phytoplankton community (Thau lagoon, Mediterranean Sea, France) Type Article scientifique
Année 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol.
Volume 486 Numéro Pages 1-12
Mots-Clés Contaminants; domoic acid production; estuarine sediments; fresh-water; marine; Mediterranean lagoon; Metals; microbial carbon; nutrient enrichment; nutrients; Phytoplankton community; polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons; pseudo-nitzschia; sediment resuspension; temporal distribution
Résumé Effects of sediment-released contaminants and nitrogen were assessed on phytoplankton communities sampled from Thau lagoon (France, Mediterranean Sea) and one close offshore marine station. Phytoplankton was exposed to sediment elutriate (seawater containing a mix of metals, organic chemicals, and nutrients) or to ammonium enrichment for four days using immersed microcosms exposed to natural conditions of light and temperature. Functional (production – respiration balance) and structural (taxonomy and cell densities) responses of the phytoplankton community were assessed. In the lagoon, both treatments stimulated phytoplankton growth, compare to controls. Conversely in the offshore station, the phytoplankton growth was stimulated only with the sediment elutriate addition. In offshore and lagoon stations, both treatments caused a shift in the taxonomic composition of the phytoplankton. Proliferation of potentially toxic diatoms and dinoflagellates resulted from the addition of elutriate. Correspondence analysis determined that phytoplankton from the offshore station was more sensitive to both treatments compared to the lagoon community. According to daily production and respiration balance, lagoon community metabolism remained heterotrophic (P < R) for all treatments, whereas only transient shifts to net autotrophy (P> R) were observed in the offshore community. Direct toxicity of contaminants released from sediment, if any, was therefore masked by nutrient enrichment effects, whereas indirect evidence of contaminant pressure was highlighted by changes in community composition and metabolism. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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ISSN 0022-0981 ISBN Médium
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 1715
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Auteur Grzebyk, D.; Audic, S.; Lasserre, B.; Abadie, E.; de Vargas, C.; Bec, B.
Titre Insights into the harmful algal flora in northwestern Mediterranean coastal lagoons revealed by pyrosequencing metabarcodes of the 28S rRNA gene Type Article scientifique
Année 2017 Publication Revue Abrégée Harmful Algae
Volume 68 Numéro Pages 1-16
Mots-Clés Phytoplankton diversity; Harmful algae; Monitoring; alexandrium dinophyceae; dinoflagellate stoeckeria-changwonensis; domoic acid accumulation; eastern adriatic sea; Metabarcoding; partial lsu rdna; pfiesteria-piscicida dinophyceae; phylogenetic-relationships; pseudo-nitzschia bacillariophyceae; species complex dinophyceae; toxic dinoflagellate
Résumé This study investigated the genetic diversity of phytoplankton communities in six shallow lagoons located on the French coast of the northwestern Mediterranean Sea that represented a trophic gradient ranging from oligotrophic to hypereutrophic. The phytoplankton communities were sampled once a month from spring (May) to the beginning of autumn (September/early October) in 2012 and fractionated by size. Metabarcodes were generated from cDNAs by targeting the D1-D2 region of the 28S rRNA gene and pyrosequenced using Roche 454 technology. Examination of the annotated barcodes revealed harmful algal species not previously documented in these lagoons. Three ichthyotoxic species belonging to Pfiesteriaceae were detected: Luciella masanensis was relatively widespread and abundant in many samples, whereas Pfiesteria piscicida and Stoeckeria changwonensis were found as single barcode sequences. Furthermore, a phylogenetic analysis of barcodes annotated as belonging to Pfiesteriaceae suggested the existence of two previously undescribed clades. The other toxic or potentially harmful dinoflagellates detected through rare barcodes were Dinophysis acuminata, Vulcanodinium rugosum, Alexandrium andersonii and A. ostenfeldii. The two most abundant dinoflagellate taxa were Gymnodinium litoralis and Akashiwo sanguinea with respect to sequence numbers. Four diatom species from the genus Pseudo-nitzschia that potentially produce domoic acid were identified (P. galaxiae, P. delicatissima, P. brasiliana and P. calliantha). These observations are discussed in terms of the literature and monitoring records related to the identified taxa in this Mediterranean area. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1568-9883 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
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Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ alain.herve @ collection 2227
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Auteur Leblad, B.R.; Amnhir, R.; Reqia, S.; Sitel, F.; Daoudi, M.; Marhraoui, M.; Abdellah, M.K.O.; Veron, B.; Er-Raioui, H.; Laabir, M.
Titre Seasonal variations of phytoplankton assemblages in relation to environmental factors in Mediterranean coastal waters of Morocco, a focus on HABs species Type Article scientifique
Année 2020 Publication Revue Abrégée Harmful Algae
Volume 96 Numéro Pages 101819
Mots-Clés bay; bizerte lagoon; climate-change; domoic acid; Environmental factors; gymnodinium-catenatum; HABs; harmful algal blooms; Phytoplankton diversity; pseudo-nitzschia; psp toxins; shellfish; SW Mediterranean; temperature; Toxins
Résumé Studies on phytoplankton and in particular Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) species in southern Mediterranean waters are scarce. We performed from April 2008 to June 2009 weekly investigations on microphytoplankton community structure and abundance in two contrasted marine ecosystems located in the western Moroccan Mediterranean coast, M'diq Bay and Oued Laou Estuary. Simultaneously, we measured the main physico-chemical parameters. Globally, the two studied areas showed comparable values of the assessed abiotic environmental factors. Temperature and salinity followed seasonal variation with values ranging from 13.5 degrees C to 21.4 degrees C and 31 to 36.8, respectively. Average nutrient values in surface water ranged from 0.7 to 45.76 mu M for dissolved inorganic nitrogen, 0.02-2.10 mu M for PO4 and 0.23-17.46 mu M for SiO4 in the study areas. A total of 92 taxa belonging to 8 taxonomic classes were found. The highest number of microphytoplankton abundance reached 1.2 x 10(6) cells L-1 with diatoms being the most abundant taxa. Factorial Discriminant Analysis (FDA) and Spearman correlation test showed a significant seasonal discrimination of dominant microphytoplankton species. These micro-organisms were associated with different environmental variables, in particular temperature and salinity. Numerous HABs species were encountered regularly along the year. Although Dinophysis species and Prorocentrum lima were present in both sites, no Lipophilic Shellfish Poisoning was detected for the analyzed bivalve mollusks. Domoic acid (DA), produced by toxic species of Pseudo-nitzschia was found with concentrations up to 18 mu g DA g(-1) in the smooth clam Callista chione. Data showed that the observed persistent and dramatic Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning (PSP) intoxication of mollusks resulted probably of Gymnodinium catenatum proliferations in both studied areas. Contrary to C. chione, the cockle Achanthocardia tuberculatum showed a permanent and extremely high toxicity level during the 15 months survey with up to 7545 mu g Equivalent Saxitoxin kg(-1) flesh (ten times higher than the sanitary threshold of 800 tg eqSTX Kg(-1) flesh). The present work highlights for the first time the dynamic of microphytoplankton including HABs species and their associated toxin accumulation in the commercially exploited shellfish in the southern western Mediterranean waters of Morocco. Furthermore, the acquired data will help us to improve the monitoring of HABs species and related toxins in these coastal marine systems.
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Auteur institutionnel Thèse
Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur
Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original
Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé
Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition
ISSN 1568-9883 ISBN Médium
Région Expédition Conférence
Notes WOS:000541912700003 Approuvé pas de
Numéro d'Appel MARBEC @ isabelle.vidal-ayouba @ collection 2820
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